THE INVISIBLE BRIDGE: SOURCE NOTES
NOTES_1-8NOTES_9-16NOTES_17-24NOTES_25-32

CHAPTER NINE: THE YEAR WITHOUT CHRISTMAS LIGHTS
 
174 “The armed forces” Many of these scenes are viewable in the documentary on YouTube “The Overthrow of Democratic Chile.”

173 One bullet-riddled body “The Voice of a Nation: Victor Nara,” Santiago Times, September 12, 2011.

173 “Oh, baby!” September 15, 1973 CBS radio report in author’s collection, courtesy of Gordon Skene.

175 Israel’s defense minister AP, October 5, 1973. My account of the Yom Kippur War and America’s role is largely derived from Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (Roseville, California: Prima Publishing, 2001).
175 Back home, a UFOAndreas Killen, 1973 Nervous Breakdown: Watergate, Warhol, and the Birth of Post-Sixties America (New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2007), pp. 134; George Morgenstern, “Minding My Business: Flying Saucers In My Mind,” CT, November 4, 1973, p. A4; “Many Scientists Believe in UFOs, Psychics,” UPI, October 25, 1973; UPI, October 20. 1973. Ollie Crawford letter to the editor, “LAT, October 28, 1973, p. G2 (“To a UFO crew, this must sound like the Planet of the Tapes”).

175 It was around “Don Juan and the Sorcerers’s Apprentice,” Time, March 5, 1973. The Gods from Outer Space Paperback bestseller list, CT, September 30, 1973. p. F8. “talk to experts on ESP” LAT, January 24, 1974, p. 20.

175 In the same city See Wikipedia entry on Thelma Moss. And why would Moss T., Eveloff HH, and Chang AF, “A Laboratory Investigation of Telepathy: The Study of a Psychic,” Behavioral Neuropsychiatry, vol. 6, nos. 1-12, pp. 71-80. On the Tonight Show See YouTube video. in the prestigious journal AP, October 31, 1974. See also Philip Jenkins, Decade of Nightmares: The End of the Sixties and the Making of Eighties America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), p. 36.

176 A cheap paperback Warren Smith, ed., Predictions for 1974 (New York: Award Books, 1973).

177 October was rung: AP, September 25, 1973.

177 In Los Angeles the “State Power Crisis by Spring Predicted,” LAT, September 8, 1973, p. A1. It came the day: “Burger Refuses to Lift Gasoline Price Ceiling,” LAT, September 7, 1973, p. B17. In San Francisco: “90% of Gasoline Stations Close in Northern California,” LAT, September 22, 1973, p. A1.

177 On October 2 “Watergate Touches Upon Church Affair,” Lewiston Morning Tribune, October 3, 1973.

177 That same week Reuter, September 30, 1973.

177 “the full equivalent” Agnew obituary, NYT, September 19, 1996. “new post-Watergate morality” UPI, October 16, 1973.

178 In Palm Springs Letter from Edward Johnson, LAT, October 12, p. A12.

178 Agnew’s plea deal Letters from Mel Fossum, LAT, October 15, p. B6, and Robert Green and Douglas Adair October 23, 1973, p. D6.

178 On October 14 “Trust in Rulers Found to Decline,” NYT, October 14, 1973, p. 45. Two professors reported: Robert Putnam and Arnold Kanter, “Letters to the Editor,” NYT, October 27, 1973, p. 30.

179 Children were cynical Owen Edwards, “Wacky Packs: New Fad for the Chidlren of the Skeptical Seventies,” New York, October 1, 1973, p. 36.

179 New York also: Richard Reeves, “‘Mad’ Magazine: Witness for the People,” New York, October 1, 1973, p. 40.

179 CBS radio now October 15, 1973 CBS radio report in author’s collection, courtesy of Gordon Skene.

180 Nixon called it: “Remarks Announcing Itention to Nominate Gerald R. Ford To Be Vice President,” October 12, 1973, UCSB. The Chicago Daily News’s Mike Royko, Sez Who? Sez Me (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982), p. 113.

181 “impeachment insurance” See Irvin Kristol column, WSJ, June 14, 1976, p. 16. William Rusher, publisher Peter N. Carroll, It Seemed Like Nothing Happened; America in the 1970s (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1990), p. 149. 180 “constitutional apocalypse”: J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), pp. 415.

181 Nixon lawyer Charles John J. Sirica, To Set the Record Straight: The Break-in, The Tapes, The Conspirators, The Pardon (New York: W.W. Norton, 1979), p. 108.

181 On August 29 Ibid., p. 122. At a September : “The President’s News Conference,” September 5, 1973, UCSB.

182 “It would be Chile” UPI, September 13, 1973.

182 The decision had Hayward, Age of Reagan, p. 418. “assurances that you” Henry Kissinger, Years of Upheaval (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999).

182 A gossip item: Maxine Cheshire, “House-Hunting at the Ehrlichmans’: The Phone’s Extra,” WP, June 24, 1973, p. K11. And in that 1971 “Nixon on Tape: Reagan was ‘Shallow’ and of ‘Limited Mental Capacity,’” Mother Jones, November 15, 2007. Reagan suggested “Why”: Hayward, Age of Reagan, p. 418.

183 Aramco, the consortium Allen J. Matusow, Nixon’s Economy: Booms, Busts, Dollars, and Votes (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998), p. 261. So did the BritishKissinger, Years of Upheaval.

184 “Concentrate on the” Matusow, Nixon’s Economy, p. 241. Nixon pooh-poohed Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011). Four weeks later Ibid. “Don’t talk to me” Ibid.

183 from 8.7 million Edward D. Berkowitz, Something Happened: A Poltical and Cultural Overview of the Seventies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), p. 63. even as Europe’sStein, Pivotal Decade. Regulatory bodies like Michael Barone, Our Country: The Shaping of America from Roosevelt to Reagan (New York: Free Press, 1992), p. 520. auto emissions standards Matusow, Nixon’s Economy, p. 244. Cities converted their Ibid., p. 242; Berkowitz, Something Happened, p. 63.new synthetic fabricStein, Pivotal Decade. Now 29 percent Matusow, Nixon’s Economy, p. 247.

184 “testicles of the West”: Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Hill & Wang, 2001), p. 141. “We are in a position”: Matusow, Nixon’s Economy, p. 258.

184 “America’s continued support” Dominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 36. The president was “The President’s News Conference,” September 5, 1973, UCSB.

184 ”People who have”Stein, Pivotal Decade.

185 On October 16 Matusow, Nixon’s Economy, p. 261. On Saturday, October 20 October 20, 1973 CBS radio report in author’s collection, courtesy of Gordon Skene

186 His argument was Sirica, To Set the Record Straight, p. 112-114. “TAPES CLEAR NIXON” Scripps-Howard Service, July 31, 1973.

186 “There is no reason” Sirica, To Set the Record Straight, p. 114.

186 On the morning See for example theSpartanburg Herald-Journal, October 20, 1973.

186 That “very distinguished” See “The Tape Coverup,” NYT editorial, October 21, 1973, p. 242.

187 In a statement “Statement Announcing Procedures for Providing Information From Presidential Tape Recordings,” October 19, 1973, UCSB.

187 The gray-haired Harvard See NBC News report.

187 On D-Day Elliott Richardson obituary, NYT, January 1, 2000.

188 Alexander Haig, who Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 406-407.

188 The TV cameras See this video, 4:50.

188 NBC’s anchorman Ibid. “an intolerable assault” Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 407. Senator Robert Byrd Quoted in Patrick Buchanan, “Anatomy of a Lynching Syndrome,” NYT, November 9, 1973, reprinted in National Citizens Committee for Fairnss to the Presidency” ad, November 25, 1973. Senator Robert Packwood Carroll, It Seemed Like Nothing Happened, p. 151. Edmund Muskie came out AP, October 22, 1973.

189 “Whether we shall” Carroll, It Seemed Like Nothing Happened, p. 150-151.

189 Western Union offices Ibid.; Sirica, To Set the Record Straight, p. 168. See also video, 5:55. Senator James Buckley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate. “HONK FOR IMPEACHMEN”: AP, October 23, 1973; Alexander Hopkins McDannald, ed. Yearbook of the Encyclopedia Americana (New York: Grolliers, 1974) p. 619.

189 The American Civil LAT, October 21, 1973; see also January 12, 1973, Miami News. Their membership rolls: Thomas Byrne Edsall and Mary Edsall, Chain Reaction: The Impact of Race, Rights, and Taxes on American Politics (New York: Norton, 1992), p. 100. At the AFL-CIO’s AP, October 24, 1973.

189 When the House Sirica, To Setthe Record Straight, p. 168.

190 On Tuesday the “Democrats to Press Impeachment Study,” WP, October 24, 1973, p. A1.

190 It was also “Nixon Critics Assured of Full Inquiry,” WP, October 25, 1973, p. A1.

190 Sirica read aloud Sirica, To Setthe Record Straight, p. 138.

191 “we should be faced”Kissinger, Years of Upheaval. Nixon called it: Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 417. Kissiner called it Berkowitz, Something Happened, p. 48.

191 “Who could have” Abraham Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East (New York: Schoecken, 2005), p. 484.

191 Union Oil’s profits “Union Oil Profits Soar 62% in 3rd Quarter,” LAT, October 24, 1973, p. D7. DEFCON 3 had AP, October 26, 1973.

191 Around then Gail Sheehy “Archie Bunker Country Revisited,” New York, November 5, 1973, p. 46.

191 “GOD BLESS NIXON” “Pressure for Impeachment Mounts,” Boston Globe, October 22, 1973, p. 1.

192 The Los Angeles Times: “Reagan Restrained and Wary on Nixon’s Crisis,” LAT, October 23, 1973, p. 3C. it “justifies our” “Nixon Seen Still in Deepest Trouble,” WP, October 24, 1973.

192 Meeting with Judge Sirica: Sirica, To Set the Record Straight, p. 142.

192 “Someone in the White House” Detroit News, October 27, 1973. “I am past the point” Bob Kuttner, “President Carl Albert,” Village Voice, November 8, 1973. The cartoonist Herblock Herbert Block, Herblock Special Report: Words and Pictures on Nixon’s Career from Freshman to “Full, Free, and Absolute Pardon” (New York: Norton, 1974). A widely read Wall Street“NYSE to Stop If Nixon Does,” New York, November 26, 1973, p. 75. Time magazine published “Opinion: The Jury of the People Weighs Nixon,” Time, November 12, 1973.

193 “HELL NO” Reagan to William F. Buckley, November 6, 1973, in Kiron K. Skinner, Annalise Anderson, and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan: A Life in Letters (New York: Free Press, 2004, p. 708.

193 Time’s titlelegend See here. The issue sold: “The Cover Story: Best Sellers of 1973,” New York, January 28 1974, p. 32.A Los Angeles Times John F. Collins, “Haldeman Party,” LAT, October 26, 1973, p. E6.

193 In New Jersey AP, October 25, 1973. In New York “Unsafe Subways,” NYT, October 27, 1973, p. 30.

193 In Esquire Tom Wolfe “The Perfect Crime,” Esquire, December, 1973.

193 The Copley newspaper: October 23, 1973. The AP’s advice October 30, 1973.

194 Parents too scared “Bill Moyers Journal: Essay on Watergate,” October 31, 1973.

194 “when they calm” “Americans Will Take Pride,” Los Angeles Sentinel, July 26, 1973, p. 2.

194 On October 2 “A Serious Setback on Energy,” LAT, October 4, 1973, p. A6. He also shocked: “…And an Uncertain Course on Smog,” LAT, October 4, 1973, p. A6.

195 Democrats predicted “blackouts” “Reagan Under Fire for Veto of Energy Conservation Bill,” LAT, October 4, 1973.The next month Sacramento Bee, November 25, 1973, p. 21.

195 “We have seen baby”: Matusow, Nixon’s Economy, p. 232. That fell on “Statement Following a Meeting With Energy and Environmental Advisers on Energy Conservation,” UCSB.

195 “The 1973-74 state”Sacramento Bee, October 26, 1973. Reagan campaigned by See report on campaign spending here, and see hear robocalls and robocalls here.

196 “VOTERS SMARTER THAN”Milwaukee Journal, November 9, 1973.

196 “What if,” the governor’s “Prop. 1 Defeat,” LAT, December 6, 1973, p. B6. Reagan himself proclaimedKansas City Times, November 8, 1973, p. 16.

196 “a very stark fact” “Address to the Nation About Policies To Deal With the Energy Shortages,” November 7, 1973, UCSB.

198 Time called the “Oil: Stepping not he Gas to Meet a Threat,” Time, November 26, 1973. All examples come from that article.

198 “Toward Impeachment”: Joseph Kraft column, November 28, 1973.

199 On November 17 “Kalmbach Got $100,000 Gift from Dairymen, Lawyer Says,” WP, November 17, 1973, p. A1. Other stories concerned Jack Anderson column, November 30. 1973 (land deed) ; “Nixon Paid $78,651 in ’69-72 Taxes,” WP, December 3, 1973, p. A1 (residence and taxes); UPI, October 29. 1973 (trusts controlled by Haldeman and Ehrlichman).

199 “I am not a crook” “Question-and-Answer Session at the Annual Convention of the Asssociated Press Managing Editors Association, Orlando, Florida,” November 17, 1973, UCSB. See video here.

199 Time said “the list”: “The Nation: Murky Places in Operation Candor,” Time, December 3, 1973.

199 A now-private citizen: UPI, Novemeber 26, 1973. “my sole personal” “Letter Responding to the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities Request for Access to Presidential Tape Recordings,” July 23, 1973, UCSB.

200 They put forwardThe Crisis: The Tangle With the Tapes,” Time, December 10, 1973; Sirica, To Set the Record Straight, pp. 144, 154; and this interview with Jill Wine Volner.

200 You could soon See here. See also LAT, May 14, 1974, p. 21.

200 In Rhode Island AP, November 17, 1973. Jesse Jackson said “Jesse Charges Hoax,” Chicago Defender, January 9, 1974, p. 4. Governor Reagan, in Singapore “Reagan Says He Would Back Resumption of Viet Bombing,” LAT, December 4, 1973, p. 2.

201 A coffee table book William Shannon, They Could Not Trust the King: Nixon, Watergate, and the American People (New York: Collier Books, 1974), p. 20. In Memphis, Nixon Congressional Quarterly, Watergate: Chronology of a Crisis (Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1975), p. 178. A court-appointed scientific “Experts Rule Out The Floor Pedal As Cause of Buzz,” WP, January 16, 1974, p. A1.

201 Senator Jackson opened Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 161. Plastic bags Bryan Burrough, The Big Rich: The Rise and Fall of the Greatest Texas Oil Fortunes (New York: Penguin Press, 2009), p. 355. Twenty-Five New Hampshire “The Mood: Cold Comfort for a Long, Hard Winter,” Time, December 10 1973. The mayor of Rensselaer: Ibid.

201 A gas station owner: Ibid. rationing gasoline November 24, 1973, CBS radio report; UPI, December 19 1973.

201 Then December, and AP, December 1, 1973. A Hanford, California “Impact: The Fuel Crisis Begins to Hurt,” Time, December 17 1973.

202 The Senate Subcommittee UPI, December 1, 1973. “In exactly eight” AP, December 7, 1973. In other good news “Impact: The Fuel Crisis Begins to Hurt,” Time, December 17 1973. And Ronald Reagan Richard Reeves, “Old Faces of ’73 Lying in Wait for ’76,” New York, December 24, 1973, p. 6.

202 “DIG UP THE BODIES” Ibid.

203 A lead editorial “Voluntary Energy Cuts Are Vital,” LAT, November 21, 1973, p. B6. Across the country “Los Angeles a Shadow of Its Usual Radiant Self,” NYT, December 27, 1973, p. 26.

203 A letter writer Linda Goolsbee, “No Christmas Cards,” LAT, December 6, 1973, p. B6. Reno, Nevada, decided “‘Eternal Flame’ Put Out by Fuel Crisis,” LAT, December 10 1973, p. 12. Others debated whether “Burbank Turns Off the Gas at War Memorial,” LAT, November 11, 1973, p. GB1; “Eternal Flame to Stay at Kennedy Gravesite,” LAT, November 29. 1973, p. 10; Doroth Jone letter, “Eternal Flame,” LAT, December 12, 1973, p. B6; letters from Catherine Grayley, Miles R. Wickstrom, and H. Worth Penick, LAT, December 20, 1973, p. C6. “I remember John”: Penick letter.

203 “A Child’s Christmas”:Time, December 24, 1973. See cover.

204 Hijackers from the: Andreas Killen, 1973 Nervous Breakdown: Watergate, Warhol, and the Birth of Post-Sixties America (New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2007), p. 30. The ex-POWs showed See “How POW Marriages Were Saved,” Ladies Home Journal, January, 1973. One wife described Charlotte Christian, “Michael Christian Comes Home,” McCall’s, February, 1974. And see discussion inNatasha Zaretsky, No Direction Home; The American Famiyl and the Fear of National Decline, 1968-1980 (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 2007), p. 58-59. John McCain gave: “One POW’s Fresh Appraisal of U.S.: Interview with Cdr. John S. McCain III,” USNWR, December 31, 1973. See also Paul Fahri, “The Separate Peace of John and Carol,” WP, WP, October 6, 2008.

204 And on Christmas Eve Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 41. The Shah of Iran announced, “The industrial world will have to to realize the rate of their terrific progress and even more terrific income and wealth based on cheap oil is finished.” Leonard Silk, ‘Arab Brinksmanship: Output Pledge May Signal Recognition of Potential Risk,” NYT, December 26, 1973, p. 65.

205 “redundant, unclear, and” “Dark Days for Los Angeles,” New York Times Service, December 31, 1973.

 

 

CHAPTER TEN: THAT THING UPSTAIRS ISN’T MY DAUGHTER

 

205 “It’s like a cult”:Andreas Killen, 1973 Nervous Breakdown: Watergate, Warhol, and the Birth of Post-Sixties America (New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2007), p. 131.

205 “Jesus, Jesus, Jesus” Interview with William Peter Blatty, IGN.com, September 20, 2000. Exhibitors started stocking Peter Biskind, Easy Riders, Raging Bulls: How the Sex-Drugs-and-Rock-’n’-Roll Generation Saved Hollywood (New York: Simon & Schuster, tk), p. 223. A guard at Colleen McDannell and Sterling M. McMurrin, eds., Catholics in the Movies (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), p. 202.

206 Since Warner Bros David Konow, Reel Terror: The Scary, Bloody, Gory, Hundred Year History of the Classic Horror Films (New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2012,), p. 144. In Boston McDannell and McMurrin, eds., Catholics in the Movies, p. 201.

206 Publicists let it Ibid.

206 Aristotle was the firstAristotle, Poetics. See also Killen, 1973 Nervous Breakdown, p. 112.

207 “It’s about a little”: Biskind, Easy Riders, Raging Bulls, p. 199.

207 A Missouri bank president “Banker, HIs Wife and Daughter Slain After Missouri Extortion,” NYT, January 18, 1973, p. 26. The editor of AP, February 22, 1974. An IRS agent: Claire Conner, Wrapped in the Flag: A Personal History of America’s Radical Right (Boston: Beacon Press, 2003), p. 198.

207 “The nude body” “The Southland,” LAT, August 15, 1973, p. A2. In August, a pit Nicholas C. Chriss, “Slayings Reach 27, Record for Nation,” LAT, August 14, 1973, p. 3A.

207 whose favorite movie John Gorenfeld, Bad Moon Rising: How Reverend Moon Created the Washington Times, Seduced the Religious Right, and Built an American Kingdom (Sausalito: PoliPointPress, 2008), p. 18. “almost uniformly describe” “Radicals: California’s Underground,” Time, October 6, 1975. Steve Allen, the TV: See AP, April 9. 1982. In Houston in November: Thorne Dreyer, “God Goes to the Astrodome,” Texas Monthly, January, 2014, p. 54.

208 John Paul Getty III Theunis Bates, “John Paul Getty III Dies; Oil Heir Led Tragic Life,” AOL News, February 8, 2011. A national hotline:“Dear Abby,” December 10 1973; James Sterba, New York Times Service, July 28, 1975.

209 She was sitting William Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 1. “corporate enemy of” AP, February 8, 1974. The next communiqué UPI, February 8 1974.

209 “GOD BLESS YOU” Caitlin Flanagan, “Girl, Interrupted,” The Atlantic, September 1, 2008; Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun, p. 24.“Patty, I hope” AP, February 14, 1974. His wife, Catherine Seth Rosenfeld, Subersives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012), p. 251.

210 British journalist Alistair: Alistair Cooke, Reporting America (New York: Overlook, 2008).

211 pledging neither to resign “Address on the State of the Union Delivered Before a Joint Session of the Congress,” January 30, 1973, UCSB. “Any president would resign” “Meet the Press,” January 21, 1974. See video here.

211 “Under the plan” “U.S. Issues Rules on Allotting Fuel,” NYT, January 16, 1974, p. 1. Czar Simon then AP, February 2, 1974. A subpoena from AP, February 5, 1974.

212 Then, on February 5 UPI, February 5, 1974; AP, February 6, 1974. “The governor must” February 25, 1974, unsigned memo, Deaver & Hannaford papers, Hoover Institution, Stanford University. At a Lincoln Day Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 385.

212 never less than 60 “Dem Wins Ford’s Old Seat,” Michigan Daily, February 19. 1974. “This country and” Richard vander Even, privately published scrapbook, in possession of the author, courtesy of David Glenn. He took as: Ibid. He had imagined Ibid. “Democrats can take”: Ibid.

213 The worst thingMichigan Daily, February 19, 1974. For America needed vander Veen scrapbook. “I am a lifelong” Ibid.

213 the same day “Mitchell-Stans Trial Starting Today With Selection of Jury,” WP, February 19. 1974, p. 10. “Honor America Day” New York Times Service, February 19, 1974; “Remarks at Honor America Day Ceremonies in Huntsville, Alabama,” February 18, 1974, UCSB. The independent carriers Paul Cowan, The Tribes of America: Journalistic Discoveries of Our People and Their Cultures (New York: New Press, 2008 [originally 1979]). In Delaware, one AP, February 1, 1974. “In no instance” “Radio Address About Proposed Transportation Legislation,” February 9, 1974, UCSB.

214 Also on the highways “Honk Drive Makes Noise,” Michigan Daily, Feburary 19. 1974. Nixon’s approval rating See AP, April 5, 1974. And in Grand Rapids “Democrat Wins Ford’s Seat,” Milwaukee Journal, February 19. 1974. “Nixon must go!”: vander Ven scrapbook.

214 A book calledMerle Miller, Plain Speaking: An Oral Biography of Harry S. Truman (New York: Berkley, 1973).

215 This had been documented Arthur Schlesinger, The Imperial Presidency (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1973). “Office Boy” Anthony A. Buford oral history, Truman Library, Independence, Missouri. in 1946 he Oliver Stone, The Untold History of the United States (Showtime, 2012), Episode 3. Then Garry WillsEsquire, January, 1976, reprinted inLead Time: A Journalist’s Education (New York: Doubleday, 1983), Chapter 22.

215 On the plane vander Veen scrapbook. “The silent majority” St. Petersberg Independent, February 21, 1974.

216 From Democrats Vander Even: Vander Veen scrapbook. The new vice president AP, February 19, 1974. “I’m damned sick” “Michigan’s GOP Chairman Blames Watergate: Repubblicans Shocked By Loss of Ford’s Seat,” Boston Globe, February 20, 1974, p. 1. Vander Veen had never won an election. His opponent had never lost one in fifteen tries.

216 The Grand Rapids Press Vander Veen scrapbook.

216 The House had Jimmy Breslin, How the Good Guys Finally Won: Notes from an Impeachment Summer (New York: Viking, 1975), p. 95. George Wallace once Ibid., p. 90. A week after J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), p. 471. workmen had toBreslin, How the Good Guys Finally Won.

217 “The only honest” Nomination of Gerald R. Ford to be the Vice President of the Uninted States: Hearings, Ninety-third Congress, first session (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973), p. 140. Nixon said at “The President’s News Conference,” February 25, 1974, UCSB. The Judiciary Committee’s Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 477.

217 Joseph Kraft columnized March 1, 1974. Kalmbach pleaded guilty “Kalmbach Enters Guitly Plea,” WP, February 26, 1974, p. A1. “I’d like to see my lawyer” Conrad cartoon, LAT, February 26, 1974, p. 31. Four days later AP, March 1, 1974. CBS’s Dan Rather “The President’s News Conference,” March 6, 1974, UCSB. But what the headlines See Mary McGrory column, March 4, 1974; AP, March 1, 1974; Jack Anderson column, March 7, 1974.

218 On March 16 Lukas, Nightmare, p. 477; “Remarks at Grand Old Opry House, Nashville, Tennessee,” March 16, 1974, UCSB.

219 “I am suggesting” “Question-and-Answer Session at the Annual Convention of the National Association of Broadcasters, Houston, Texas,” March 19, 1974, UCSB.

219 Senator James Buckley AP, March 19. 1974.

219 Ronald Reagan answered UPI, March 20. 1974.

219 In Texas, Oklahoma Reagan to Wagner, February 8, 1974, LWL; “Reagan Urges Speedup of Nixon Investigations,” LAT, February 14, 1974. “They want a bell-ringer” Tom Braden column, April 3, 1974. “I sometimes suspect” “Reagan Urges Speedup.” Soon the ranking: Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 477. What he had vetoed “Conservative’s Vote Swings It: Phone Call Prompted Senator to Push for Override of Veto,” LAT, January 30, 1973, p. A3; “The Legislature Asserts Itself,” LAT, January 30, 1973, p. C4. Oil, meanwhile, $2.70 “Probers Trace Oil Squeeze,” LAT, February 15, 1974, p. 3. Ontario 500 UPI, March 8, 1974. Their governor blamed UPI, February 15, 1974.

220 “sometime you wonder” UPI, March 7, 1974.

220 A Los Angeles Times Charles G. Bragg, “Reagan’s Remark,” March 17, 1974, p. F2. Democrats in the UPI, March 7, 1974. “Frankly I think” AP, March 14, 1974.

221 Dick Cavett’s talk showNew York Times Wire Service, February 15, 1974.

221 “a tiny and closed”Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 439. Charles Colson braggedNew Yorker, April 8, 1974, republished in Jonathan Schell, The Jonathan Schell Reader: On the United States at War, the Long Crisis of the American Public, and the Fate of the Earth (New York: Nation Books, 2004), p. 227.

221 ABC singled out AP, February 28, 1974. “If people eventually”: AP, February 8. 1974. “under the terms”: Jay Sharbutt column, AP, February 11, 1974. See also Paul Krassner, “Rumpleforeskin,” KPFT Radio Guide, September, 1974, p. 6.

222 Soon after, Pat Buchanan“TV Guide Goes Political,” Time, March 4, 1974.

222 “a public bonfire” William Safire column, July 24, 1973, quoted in Eric Alterman, Sound and Fury: The Making of the Punditocracy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000), p. 71.

222 the “bulging briefcase” Lukas, Nightmare, p. 476; Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, “Secret Report Said to Involved Nixon,” WP, March 2, 1974, p. A1. “dragging out Watergate” Question-and-Answer Session at the Annual Convention of the National Association of Broadcasters, Houston, Texas,” March 19, 1974, UCSB.

223 In April came SeeMiami News, April 3, 1974. The New York Times banner “NIXON TO PAY $432,787 IN BACK TAXES; CONGRESS PANEL STAFF AND I.R.S. FIND UNDERPAYMENTS IN 4 YEARS IN OFFICE,” April 4, 1974, p. 1.

223 On April 4 Lukas, Nightmare, p. 483. “carte blanche to rummage”:New York Times Service, March 12, 1974. “back up a truck”: UPI, March 13, 1974. At that, Rodino “Nixon Given a Deadline,” Palm Beach Post, April 5, 1974.

224 “I would like to” AP, April 4, 1974.

224 “Patricia Hearst Quits” See The Morning Record (Meridian-Wallingford, Connecticut).

 

 

CHAPTER ELEVEN: HANK AARON

 

225 robbing Hibernia bank William Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 24. The robbery was April 15. the “Zebra” shootings AP, April 15, 1974. the worst “Super Outbreak” Henry Aaron with Lonnie Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer: The Hand Aaron Story (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), p. 357-358; AP, April 4, 1974; see alsoMilwaukee Journal-Sentinel, April 3, 2004.

225 Women reporters marched AP, April 7, 1974;Donald Ritchie, Reporting from Washington: The History of the Washington Press Corps (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006), p. 181. Ronald Reagan vetoed San Bernardino Sun, April 4, 1974, p. 23. Henry Kissinger went: Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011), 94. Excerpts of thePlayboy, May 1974. The Harris poll AP, April 16, 1974.

226 Hank Aaron’s day Howard Bryant, The Last Hero: A Life of Henry Aaron (New York: Pantheon, 2010). pp. 386-396; Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, pp. 357-358. “I should have known”: Ibid., p. 359; Bryant, The Last Hero, p. 385.

226 “Dear Nigger” Ibid., p. 315.

226 “Dear Jungle Bunny”Ibid., p. 320.

226 “I hope you join” George Ward and Ken Burns, Baseball: An Illustrated History (New York: Random House, 1994), p. 429.

226 His career had Bryant, The Last Hero. “I just wanted” Ibid., p. 54.

227 In Boston a cadreJohn Skretny, The Ironies of Affirmative Action: Politics, Culture, and Justice in America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), p. 101. Their jobs were John Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in the 1970s (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), pp. 15-16. You been workin’ Ibid, p. 16.

228 a consent decree Judith Stein, Running Steel, Running America: Race, Economic Policy, and the Decline of Liberalism (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1998), pp. 169-180. The consent decree was signed the same week as Hank Aaron broke the home run record. “You boogies will“The Cruelest Month: This April, Hank Aaron and Marge Shott Have Just One Thing in Common,” Vibe, April 1994.The argument about the paradox of affirmative action, which presumes sharing the bounty of a growing economic pie, becoming hegemonic at a time the pie was shrinking, exacerbating racial resentment, is also drawn from Jefferson Cowie, Stayin’ Alive; The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class (New York: New Press, 2010).

228 On sports talk Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, p. 335. “Had Ruth played” Ibid., p. 319.“Dear Nigger, you can’t” Ibid., p. 319.

228 Were the claims Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, 374-376. “I deplore the desecration”Hartford Courant, May 12, 1974. On days the FBI Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, p. 323. One writer asked Ibid., p. 336.

228 He hit his Ibid., p. 343. See www.baseball-reference.com.

228 “we’ll sell out” “Aaron: Ruth’s Record Could Fall This Season,” LAT, March 5, 1973, p. E1.

229 “a brazen defiance” “Three ‘Exhibitions’ for the Braves: Dave Anderson Assured of ‘Very Best’; The Reds Chuckle,” NYT, February 19, 1974, p. 39. even though the Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, p. 355.“Baseball’s gone crooked”: AP, February 21, 1974; Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, p. 354.

229 in the seventh Bryant, The Last Hero, 385, 397-398.

229 “Streaking” was the springtime’s UPI, May 7, 1974. “streak for impeachment” AP, March 1, 1974. A political cartoonHartford Courant, July 18, 1974. “college authorities ought” “Hose Down Streaks, Helms Says,” CT, March 30 1974, p. S5. In Washington, the National UPI, April 28, 1974. at the Academy Awards See video here. A streaker also “World of Books Presents Its Oscars; Audience Wonders,” NYT, April 19 1974, p. 24. See also www.thomaspynchon.com.

230 Later that season Wikipedia.com on “Ten Cent Beer Night.”

230 the off-duty cop Aaron with Wheeler, If I had a Hammer, p. 356. Aaron approached Cincinnati Ibid., p. 357-358.

230 In New York Hear Disc 2, Track 5, Sinatra: New York (Rhino Records, 2009). The President, too busy Aaron with Wheeler, If I Had a Hammer, p. 366, 372. “Thank God it’s” Ibid., p. 370.

231 Three days later AP, April 11, 1974. The next week AP, April 18, 1974. “one last request” J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), p. 484.

231 And night owls Breslin, How the Good Guys Finally Won, p. 67.

231 “In these folders”: “Address to the Nation Announcing Answer to the House Judiciary Committee Subpoena for Additional Presidential Tape Recordings,” April 29. 1974, UCSB; Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 452; Lukas, Nightmare, p. 487.

233 To Mike Doonesbury See May 21, 1974.

233 Newsweek, announcing a Newsweek, May 13, 1974; Time, May 13, 1974.

234 One, Bob is Richard Nixon, Submission of Recorded Presidential Conversations to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives by President Nixon, April 30, 1974 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974), p. 187.

234 United Press International: Lukas, Nightmare, p. 490. The Chicago Tribune Ibid. Congressman Dan Rostenkowski “Publishing the Transcripts,” CT, May 10. 1974, p. 10. National Public Radio “Letting It All Out,” Time, May 13, 1974. Bantam Books and Dell Lukas, Nightmare, p. 490. 1,878 bits Ibid., p. 488.

235 “There is nothing illegal”:Nixon, Submission of Recorded Presidential Conversations, p. 180.“They evince no”: Herbert Brucker column, Hartford Courant, May 22, 1974. The CEO of Lukas, Nightmare, p. 491.

236 “Maybe someone will” Nixon, Submission of Recorded Presidential Conversations, p. 153. “We are going to” SeeWashington Post edition, p. 127.

236 They left in some Lukas, Nightmare, p. 485. “tremendous number of children” See debate transcript, October 13, 1960, at the website of the Presidential Commission on Presidential Debates. Then Seymour Hersh Lukas, Nightmare, p. 488.

236 CBS’s Eric Sevareid Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 453. “Sheer flesh-crawling” Joseph Alsop column, May 4, 1974. “one of the most pornographic”Christianity Today, July 5, 1974.

236 “deplorable, disgusting, shabby” Edward D. Berkowitz, Something Happened: A Poltical and Cultural Overview of the Seventies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), p. 29. “even any token”Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 454. A “Republican heirarch” “The Nixon Papers: A Special Section,” Newsweek, May 13, 1974. “Can you imagine” Ibid. William Safire wrote May 3, 1974. such Silent Majority standbys AP, May 10. 1974. “Justice for the President” “The President Should Be Impeached,” LAT, May 10. 1974, p. B6.

237 “Quite candidly, these” UPI, May 2, 1974. “Mr. Nixon would be” “The Nixon Papers: A Special Section,” Newsweek, May 13, 1974. Congressman William Steiger “Politicians Call the Transcripts a Crisis for G.O.P,” NYT, May 4, 1974, p. 1.

237 The U.S. attorney general AP, April 17, 1974. “ridiculous to the pointAP transcript, April 23, 1974.

237 “gang of racketeers” AP, May 4, 1974. The AP described him as “formerly an ardent supporter of the president.”

237 For instance, the time April 17, 1973, quoted in Arthur Miller, “The Limited Hang-Out,” Harper’s, September, 1974.

238 an SLA “combat unit” Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun, p. 29. See video of live coverage here.

238 In Phoenix: David Greenberg, Nixon’s Shadow: The History of an Image (New York: W.W. Norton, 2003), pp. 204-205. In Seattle “World Outside Washington Wonders about Watergate,” Winnepeg Free Press, May 17, 1974, p. 56.

238 Then he promised : “Expo 74 Jeers Drowned Out,” Montreal Gazette, May 6, 1974.

238 Syndicated humorist Art Buchwald July 13, 1973. One, from a restaurant Greenberg, Nixon’s Shadow, p. 207.Tom Charles Huston Bo Burlingame, “Paranoia in Power,” Harper’s, October, 1974.

239 A weekly White House Theodore H. White, Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon (New York: Scribner, 1975), p. 291. nicknamed “Dr. Happiness” Hugh Sidey, “The Presidency: Richard Nixon’s Morale Booster,” Time, April 8. 1974. Burch explained to “White House Statement Terms Tribune Editorial ‘Most Regrettable,’” CT, May 10, 1974, p. 1; reprinted in Harvard Tribune, May 14, 1974. “Those bastards can” White, Breach of Faith, p. 292.

239 In a self-described theological Eric Alterman, Sound and Fury: The Making of the Punditocracy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000), p. 112; AP, May 9. 1974.

239 “I remember the tulips” Sidey, “Nixon’s Morale Booster.”

239 The dean of theGreenberg, Nixon’s Shadow, pp. 180-184. “an apologist for rampant” “The Nation: Source of Strength,” Time, July 29 1974. On May 13: President’s Daily Diary, RNL (pdf).

 

 

CHAPTER TWELVE: HERE COMES THE PITCH

 

241 I was struck “Interpretation of Transcripts Hit by Reagan,” LAT, May 3, 1974, p. A9.

241 The governor was NBC News, May 10, 1974, VNA.

242 “If I’d gotten”Ronald Reagan, An American Life: The Autobiography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990), p. 19.

242 An out-of-town businessman Lou Cannon, President Reagan: The Role of a Lifetime (New York: Public Affairs, 2000), p. 181.

242 “I would take” Reagan to Ron Cochran, May 12, 1980, in Kiron K. Skinner, Annalise Anderson, and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan: A Life in Letters (New York: Free Press, 2004, p. 27.

242 There was the Norman E. Wymbs, A Place To Go Back To: Ronald Reagan in Dixon, Illinois (Vantage Press, 1987), p. 39. There was the crystal Anne Edwards, Early Reagan: The Rise to Power (New York: William & Morrow, 1985), p. 43. The brand new medium Clifford J. Doerksen, American Babel: Rogue Radio Broadcasters of the Jazz Age (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005). “the Cornfield Canaries” Ibid., p. 79. the “financial octopi” Ibid., p. 88. “most thrilling achievement” Ibid., p. 34.

243 in slow moments Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 119.

243 “urging people not” Reagan to Ron Cochran; “The All-American President: Ronald Wilson Reagan (1911-2004), Time, June 14, 2004. Historians of the New Deal I consulted Nelson Lichtenstein of University of California–Santa Barbara, Alan Brinkley of Colmbia University, and Mark Leff of the Univeresity of Illinois.

243 “How does anyone” Ronald Reagan with Richard Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me? (New York: Duell, Sloan & Pierce, 1965), p. 59.

244 “a crisp account” Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 125. Next he was transferred Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 131.

244 “drinks, cigarettes, and cheating” Garry Wills, Reagan’s America: Innocents At Home (New York: Doubleday, 1986), p. 41.

244 In descriptions from Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 135 (“a dashing young blade around town”; p. 35 (“the gay blade yells down”), p. 143 and 167 (“He said he thought it gave him a ‘rakish ‘ look”; Earl Shotwell, “Shotwell’s City” column, Des Moines Register, June 6, 1980, clip from AEP (“his then ever- present pipe. He never actually smoked it, but mainly thought it gave him a rakish look, friends say”). “holding a slightly”:Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 144. “Next to spiked beer” “Shotwell’s City,” Des Moines Register, June 6, 1980.

245 Another stage setting Ulrich questionnaire, Box 60, Folder 7, AEP (“Dutch could stretch the truth a bit”). “no particular desire” Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 140. “All he ever wanted” “Shotwell’s City,” Des Moines Register, June 6, 1980.

245 “Leave her alone” Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 44.

246 “He was always”: “Shotwell’s City,” Des Moines Register, November 5, 1980. “Some just got” Ulrich questionnaire, Box 60, Folder 7, AEP. “I always had”: Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 142.

246 Roosevelt’s New Deal Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 17. A Reagan biographer Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 128.

246 Eureka had been Author interview with Professor Junius Rodriguez of Eureka College. “mainstay ofFinnish”: Richard J. Altenbaugh, “Workers’ Education as Counter Hegemony: The Educational Process at Work People’s College, 1907-1941,” Syracuse University, Kellogg Project, Rae Wahl Rohfield, ed., “Breaking New Ground: The Development of Workers’ Education in North America.” See also “Student Liberals Meet,” Eureka Pegasus, December 10. 1931.

246 “He was a liberal” Ralph Keyes interviews in possession of author, Ernest Higdon interview. His favorite professor Rodriguez interview.

247 the “fastest tongue” Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 142. Gross was a dyed-in-the-wool All quotes from Congress Watch report on H.R. Gross in Box 60, Folder 7, AEP; also informed by John Schmidhauser email communication.

247 “Somewhere around the last” Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 143.

247 He wrote an Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 138. at the chapel Keyes interview with Sam Herrod. the Iowa State Fair Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 141, citing Des Moines Dispatch.

248 News came that: William Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 13. pitcher Dock Ellis: “Dock Ellis, All-Star Pitcher Who Overcame Longtime Drug Addictions, Dies at 63,” NYT, December 20. 2008.

249 “To the dismay”: ENIR, June 7, 1974.

250 A strike by ten thousand “Walkout May Set Pattern for Nation: Consequences of Tie Up in S.F. Could Be Far-Reaching,” LAT, March 15, 1974, p. A1; “SF. Port Closed as Striking City Employes Picket Docks,” LAT, March 15, 1974, p. A1. A school strike “Education: The Hortonville 84,” Time, May 27, 1974.

250 Gary Trudeau followed For oil profits cartoons see May 6, 1974, and May 7, 1974.

251 “Is Nixon utterly”: J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), p. 509.

251 By the late 1960s: Ibid., p. 496. “These aren’t Southern” ENIR, December 19. 1973.

251 “with a level of precision” Jimmy Breslin, How the Good Guys Finally Won: Notes from an Impeachment Summer (New York: Viking, 1975), p. 105.

251 very first vote:Lukas, Nightmare, p. 496.“eighty to one hundred reporters” Ibid., p. 500. “NIXON TAPE IS SAID”: NYT, June 6, 1974, p. 1. “TAPE PROVIDES NO”: WP, June 6, 1974, p. A1.

252 “such further subpoenas” Lukas, Nightmare, p. 494. “grave matter” that AP, May 23, 1974. On May 31New York Times Service, June 2, 1974. The committee doubled AP, May 31, 1974.

252 Bantam Books printedNewsweek, June 24, 1974.

252 In Cairo, exuberant For Middle East trip see Newsweek, June 24, 1974; Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 488; Theodore H. White, Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon (New York: Scribner, 1975), p. 306; and Barry Werth, 31 Days: Gerald Ford, the Nixon Pardon, and a Government in Crisis (New York: Random House, 2007) p. 49.

253 “Pssst! China!” See Doonesbury, June 19, 1974. Americans watched, Teddy WhiteBreach of Faith, p. 306. Gallup revealed thatNewsweek, June 24, 1974. The Supreme Court AP, June 24, 1974. In Egypt, amid Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 488.

253 Articles started appearing Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 455; Lukas, Nightmare, pp. 488-490

254 “this journey, as” Ibid., p. 504. the twenty-eighth countryNewsweek, June 24, 1974. “He probably felt” Lukas, Nightmare, p. 505.

254 That same day Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, pp. 489-490. In California, Herb Kalmbach AP, June 29. 1974.

254 “The Spirit of ’76” Inaugural Program, January 20. 1973, in collection of author. A federal Bicentennial: Monica Schneider, “The American Bicentennial: Celebration, Cerebration and the Suppression of Complex Discourse,” honors thesis, Oberlin University, 2003.

254 never “has the nation” “July 4, 1973,” NYT, July 4, 1973, p. 14. Hutschnecker essay, NYT, July 4, 1973, p. 15. See also “Psychiatric Aid to nixon Denied,” NYT, November 14, 1968, p. 34, and “Arnnold Hutcschnecker, 102, Therapist to Nixon,” NYT, January 3, 2001. “It would be a sin”:Benjamin Levine, “President Nixon,” CT, November 8, 1973, p. 24. In December, a corporate-sponsored Jim Sleeper, “How the Modern Day Tea Partiers Missed the Message of 1773,” History News Network; “People’s Bicentennial,” Boston College Heights, November 19, 1973.

255 This year, on July 4Mike Royko, Sez Who? Sez Me (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982), p. 113, 105-107. The Today show’s Louis W. Reps, “Pride in Bicentennial,” CT, July 27, 1974, p. 12. “Boypower ’76” scandal “Phantoms Fill Boyscott Rolls,” CT, June 9. 1974, p. 1; “Scout Pledge Lost In Signup Drive: Falsify Records,” CT, June 10. 1974, p. 1; “The Scouts Face a Scandal,” CT, June 12, 1974 p. 20; “Scout Roll Cheating in 3 Cities Told,” CT, June 13, 1974, p. 5; “‘Some of Our People Cheat—Quite Frankly,’” CT, June 17, 1974, p. 36; AP, June 11, 1974. “wet fingers sticking” Lukas, Nightmare, p. 506. “…but I’m running”: AP, July 18. 1974.

255 Supreme Court oral arguments Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 504.

256 ghost towns that White, Breach of Faith, pp. 306-307.

256 On July 13, John Ehrlichman UPI, July 14, 1974.

257 “clear and convincing manner” Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 495; “Last Ditch Move Draws Fire from House Panel,” Straights Times, July 20, 1974. And at Washington’s AP, July 19, 1974; Greenberg, Nixon’s Shadow, p. 205.also Julie Nixon Eisenhower David Lester and Thomas Y. Crowell, The Lonely Lady of San Clemente (New York: Berkly, 1979), pp. 172-174.

257 student named Karl Rove Greenberg, Nixon’s Shadow, p. 204. In Richmond HillsNewsweek, June 24, 1974.

257 “I am praying for” Lukas, Nightmare, p. 552. “This nation is God’s” See ad, Milwaukee Journal, January 11, 1974. Thousands of brainwashed John Gorenfeld, Bad Moon Rising: How Reverend Moon Created the Washington Times, Seduced the Religious Right, and Built an American Kingdom (Sausalito: PoliPointPress, 2008), p. 162.

257 Moon didn’t actually: Ibid. In February, Rev. Moon: Ibid.; President’s Daily Diary, February 1, 1974; see the Unification Church’s account in Bo Hi Pa, Messiah—My Testimony to Rev. Sun Myung Moon, Chapter Twelve. “Rabbi Korff’s eloquence” “Remarks to Members o the Naitonal Citizens Committee for Fairness to the Presidency,” July 18, 1974, UCSB. “We love you dearly” “The Nation: Source of Strength,” Time, July 29 1974.

 

 

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: JUDGING

 

259 Shortly after 11 A.M. Theodore H. White, Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon (New York: Scribner, 1975), p. 3; see documents, and hear audio of the Chief Justice’s announcements, here.

259 “That’s news?”: White, Breach of Faith, p. 8.

259 Only minutes later Ibid., p. 314; Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: Knopf, 1990), pp. 516.

260 Rodino’s counterpart Ibid., p. 517.

260 Jack Brooks, Democrat White, Breach of Faith, p. 315. “Never in our 198”: Source for all quotations from hearing opening day is “Excerpts From Transcript of House Judiciary Panel’s Impeachment Proceedings,” NYT, July 25, 1974, p. 24. Robert Kasteneier of Wisconsin White, Breach of Faith, p. 315.

260 “his voice a snarl” Ibid.

260 Crowds overwhelmed the Ibid., p. 318.

261 What he called Ibid., p. 316.

261 The next morning Ibid., p. 317.

262 William Hungate, Democrat Ibid., p. 318. William S. Cohen, Republican Ibid. Hamilton Fish Jr. Ibid., p. 320.

262 Wiley Mayne of Iowa “Excerpts From Transcripts of the Proceedings on Impeachment,” NYT, July 26, 1974, p. 11. Trent Lott, whose Ibid.; J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), pp. 471, 474. See also “Ghosts of Watergate Haunt Impeachment Debate,” NYT, October 1, 1998.

262 It took an unlikely See Barbara Jordan’s presentation here.

264 “I want answers” Lukas, Nightmare, p. 533.

264 The article was Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 523-524.

264 the “Fragile Coalition” Ibid., p. 499-504; White, Breach of Faith, 311-313.

264 Rabbi Korff’s people “Nixon Backers Aim at 6 in the House,” CT, July 25, 1974, p. 12.

265 Fifty Capitol police Ibid.

265 And so, Saturday White, Breach of Faith, p. 319-320.

265 Almost immediately after Ibid., p. 320. Back in February Byck’s attempt was dramatized in the film The Assassination of Richard Nixon (2004).

265 “Live today” Thomas Borteslmann, The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013), p.122.

266 She began her broadcast See Wikipedia entry for Christine Chubbuck.

266 Dr. Joyce Brothers CT, June 2, 1974, p. D12.

266 indictment of John Connally AP, July 29. 1974. sentencing of John Dean AP, August 3, 1974. There were votes White, Breach of Faith, p. 321.

266 Ronald Reagan, tooModesto Bee, August 7, 1974; Lou Cannon, Reagan (New York: Perigee Books, 1984), p. 188.

267 Ed Reinecker, whom AP, July 17, 1974; Modesto Bee, August 7, 1974.

267 The Nielsen ratings Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 531.

267 “I can say” Sidney Morning Herald, July 29. 1974; “The Zigzagging Missionary,” Time, June 10. 1974.

267 The next Monday White, Breach of Faith, p. 22.

268 They included Charlie Wiggins Kutler, The Wars of Watergate, p. 537;Lukas, Nightmare, p. 557. Listen to the “smoking gun” tape here.

268 “smoking Howitzer” George Will, “Impeachment, Not Resignation,” WP, August 7, 1974, p. A15. “Tonight’s monologue is”:Johnny Carson, King of Late Night (PBS, 2012).

268 A reporter calledModesto Bee, August 7, 1974.

268 “pursue the constitutional” “President Urges Cabinet to Stay on Job With Him: Official Terms 90-minute Session ‘Grave, Strain’; Kissinger Calls for Unity,” LAT, August 7, 1974, p. A1.

269 “If the current impeachment” George Will column, August 8, 1974.

269 “In 1964 He Was Bela Lugosi” NYTM, April 7, 1974, p. 263. Now he served Elizabeth Drew, Washington Journal: The Events of 1973-1974 (New York: Random House, 1975), p. 404.

269 That same day Man on Wire (Magnolia Pictures, 2008); Philippe Petit, Man on Wire (New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2008).

269 Representative Earl Landgrebe See Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences Proceedings, 1994, p. 137.

269 “Jail to the Chief” White, Breach of Faith, p. 30. the president spoke “Address to the Nation Announcing Decision to Resign the Office of President of the United States,” August 8, 1974, UCSB. Watch it here.

270 “Mistakes, yes. But”: “Remarks on Departure from the White House,” August 9, 1974, UCSB. Watch it here.

270 And in SacramentoModesto Bee, August 9. 1974.

271 He told the Washington Post’s Lou Cannon, Reagan (New York: Perigee Books, 1984), 194.

 

 

CHAPTER FOURTEEN: THERE USED TO BE A PRESIDENT WHO DIDN’T LIE

 

272 The dignitaries, standing See here; “Remarks on Taking the Oath of Office,” August 9, 1974, UCSB.

273 praised as “conciliatory” “The 37th President Is First to Quit Post: Contrast in Tone and Content Puts ‘Interests of America First,” NYT, August 9. 1974, p. 1. pundit R.W. Apple “Political Scene Sharply Altered: G.O.P. Prospects Improved, Ford in Good Spot for ’76 and Watergate Fades,” Ibid. a news article predicted “Congressional Leaders Predict an Extended ‘Honeymoon’ With the White House.” Ford was described Apple, “Political Scene Sharply Altered,” Ibid. There was a little profile Ibid., p. 6. “Psychological Uplift for Economy” Ibid., p. 45. Thanks to Colin Harrison for the gift of this edition of the New York Times. “A Sense of National Reconciliation”: Ibid., p. 33. James Madison—who wrote “James Madison on Power and Law,” Ibid., p. 33.

273 three female Episcopalian “3 Ordained Women Told Here to Delay New Role as Priests,” NYT, August 9, 1974, p. 35. From Texas: the sentencing “Texas Murderer Is Given 594 Years,” Ibid. p. 34. On death penalty poll see “Stalling on the Death Penalty,” CT, June 12, 1973, p. 16. From Jamaica, Queens “10 Police Sergeants Held as Graft ‘Club’ Members,” Ibid., p. 68. From Los Angeles “Police Avoid Fate of Slain Officer: They Buy Bullet-Proof Vests After Going To Funeral,” Ibid., p. 34.

274 Robert Altman’s California Split Ibid., p. 21. Roman Polanski’s Chinatown Ibid. Flesh Gordon Ibid., p. 22. The Seduction of Lynn Carter Ibid., p. 22. Craig from Frisco Ibid.

274 Death Wish Ibid., p 21.

274 “a bird-brained movie” Vincent Canby, “Screen: ‘Death Wish’ Hunts Muggers: The Cast Story of Gunman Takes Dim View of City,” NYT, July 25, 1974, p. 27. ten days later Canby ,”’Death Wish’ Exploits Fear Irresponsibly,” NYT, August 4, 1974, p. 85. Time called it “Cinema: Mug Shooting,” August 19, 1974. Roger Ebert Chris Sorrentino, Death Wish (New York: Soft Skull Press, 2010).“never kept far from my reach”: James A. Brussel, “Gun-Carrying Doctors,” NYT, June 3, 1974, p. 31. ovations from grateful “Whose Unprofessional Conduct?” Village Voice, September 26, 1974; “When a Movie Preaches Hate,” WSJ, July 22, 1974, p. 9.

275 The Parallax View NYT, August 9. 1974, p. 23.

275 All the President’s Men See Adult New York Times Best Seller Lists for 1974, Hawes.com. “If the picture works” Sean Axmaker, The Parallax View, TCM.com.

276 The Warren Commission See “The Dealey Plaza Irregulars,” in Kathryn Olmsted, Real Enemies: Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy, World War I to 9/11 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), p. 111-148. Coretta Scott King: McCall’s, April 1974, quoted in March 24, 1974 Eugene Register-Guard.

277 That spring, a kindergarten B. Stewart Jones, “The President Lies,” LAT, March 8, 1974, p. B4.

277 1963 American University “Commence Address at American University in Washington,” June 10, 1963, UCSB.

277 “The commuter at 514” AP, August 11, 1974.

278 “A Ford, not a Lincoln” Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 12.

278 A New Yorker cartoon Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 7. “We have carefully” Marian Christy, syndicated article, August 11, 1974.

279 “Free Spirit inNewsweek, December 29, 1975. See also Rick Perlstein, “Betty Ford, Pioneer,” NYT, July 11, 2011, p. A23. His press secretary Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s, p. 29. “We will have a candid” “Remarks Announcing Appointment of J.F. terHorst as Press Secretary to the President,” August 9, 1974, UCSB. Art Buchwald joked Yanek, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s, p. 28; see Buchwald column, February 11, 1975. “The manner of his coming”: Yanek, op. cit.; Newsweek, August 19. 1974. Time all but hymned “The Administration: Gerald Ford: Off to a Fast, Clean Start,” Time, August 26, 1974. “Everywhere,” Hugh Sidey “The Presidency: Notes from an Open White House,” Time, August 26, 1974.

280 The New York Times “Mr. Ford’s Economics,” NYT, August 20 ,1974, p. 34. the Wholesale Price Index: Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1984-2008 (New York: Harper, 2008), p. 35.

280 In 1948 America Dominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 35. In one year: Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011), p. 35. “Bureau of Shortages”Hartford Courant, August 11, 1974. By November, thatThe Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976) August 1974, and November 1974.

280 The new president AP, August 9. 1974. “Do you agree” “The President’s News Conference,” August 28, 1974, UCSB.

281 That week, former AAP-Reuters, August 30, 1974, citing Chicago Sun-Times. And someone firebombed AP, August 13, 1974.

281 On Day 11: Wilentz, The Age of Reagan, p. 29; “Remarks to the Veterans of Foreign Wars Annual Convention, Chicago, Illinois,” August 19, 1974, UCSB.

281 In Nixon’s first “The President’s News Conference,” January 31, 1973, UCSB. He then ordered Haldeman notes, February 1, 1973, RNLPOW.

282 “I can say” Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon (New York: Knopf, 1990), pp. 541. “Before President Nixon” Deane Starr, “‘Corruption of Power,’” NYT, August 5, 1974, p. 22.

282 just returned from church Mieczskowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenge of the 1970s, p. 3o.

282 “Ladies and gentlemen” “Remarks on Signing a Proclamation Granting Pardon to Richard Nixon,” September 8, 1974, UCSB.

283 He was nervous See video.

283 That evening the daredevil See documentary Pure Evel: An American Legend, Discovery Channel (2011). kindergarten classrooms across I extrapolate from the sample of my own kindergarten classroom.

283 Time said “America”“Heroes: The Lone Eagle’s Final Flight,” Time, September 9. 1974. Walter Cronkite had Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenge of the 1970s, p. 21.

284 Ford would explain See Barry Werth, 31 Days: Gerald Ford, the Nixon Pardon, and a Government in Crisis (New York: Random House, 2007).

284 Within moments Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s, p. 29-30. Mary McGrory Ibid., p. 32. “How can a man” Harold Wolk, Milwaukee Journal, September 18, 1974.

 

 

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: NEW RIGHT?

 

286 “Reaganism has had it” “The End of Backlash Politics,” WP, June 9, 1974, p. C7.

287 In 1963, black John Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in the 1970s (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), pp. 27-43. “would have taken” Ibid., p. 45. “as long as I” Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 140.

287 “Our children are” Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 50.

288 an “ugly institution” Ibid., p. 70.

288 John Kerrigan, who Ibid., p. 57. Ray Flynn, who Ibid., 77. William Bulger, who Ibid., 154.

288 As Kerrigan put Ibid., p. 56. But what Judge Garrity Ibid., pp. 68-70

289 “Southie Is My Hometown” Here vintage version here.“We practice ancestor” Paul Cowan, The Tribes of America: Journalistic Discoveries of Our People and Their Cultures (New York: New Press, 2008 [originally 1979]), p. 132. “Why doesn’t Governor Sargent” Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 65.

289 They carried signs Ibid., pp. 76-77.

290 But “the traumatic events” “White Issues ‘Appeal to Reason’—Calls for Peaceful Integration,” Boston Globe, September 10, 1974, p. 1; complete text on page 26. Milliken v. Bradley Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 229. 99 percent white Ibid., p. 12. In the Globe Ibid.; see also Mike Barnicle, “‘Busing Puts Burden on Working Class, Black and White,” Boston Globe, October 14, 1974, p. 23. Bobby Orr and Carl Yastrzemski Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 74.

290 Came the first day Ibid., pp. 76-77. “Bus the niggers” Christopher Lasch, The True and Only Heaven: Progress and Its Critics (New York: W.W. Norton, 1991), p. 501. The third week Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 78.

291 “We never took” Ibid., p. 81. columnist Jimmy Breslin September 11, 1975. The previous fall Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 79.

292 One policeman guarding Ibid., p. 119. A flier distributed Ibid.

292 On June 27Carol Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right: Conservatives and the 1974 Kanawha County Textbook Controversy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009), p. 20.

293 “multi-ethnic, multicultural”: George Hillocks, Jr., “Books and Bombs: Ideological Conflict and the Schools—a Case Study of the Kanawha County Book Protest,” The School Review, Vol. 86, No. 4 (August, 1978), p. 632-654.

293 “Look what you”: “The Great Textbook War,” American Radio Works, 2010.

293 “wasn’t just a sexual”William Martin, With God On Our Side: The Rise of the Religious Right in America (New York: Broadway Books, 2005), p. 118. the Movement to Restore Decency Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, p. 105. “Put a mother” Hillock, “Books and Bombs.”

294 the “Mel Gablers” Martin, With God on Our Side, pp. 120-121. “Mel Gabler, Leader of Crusade on Textbooks, Dies at 84,” NYT, August 1, 2007. “Texas Couple Reveal”Manchester Union Leader, July 9, 1973.

295 By 1974, they won Gail Collins, “How Texas Inflicts Bad Textbooks On Us,” New York Review of Books, June 21, 2012. They were spearheading Wendell Rawls, Jr., “Why These Books Are Forbidden,” CT June 16, 1974, p. A3; AP, February 3, 1977; Gordon Skene, “As American As Burning a Book in 1973,” Crooksandliars.com, September 9, 2010. “morbid,” “negative,” or “depressing”: Hillocks, “Books and Bombs.” “gruesome, murderous, bizarre” Martin, With God on Our Side, p. 121; see also Martin, “The Guardians Who Slumbereth Not,” Texas Monthly, November, 1982, p. 145. Christian-Judeo morals Ibid.

295 The six required Hillocks, “Books and Bombs.” “For too long” James Moffett, A Student-Centered Language Arts Curriculum, Grades K-13: A Handbook for Teachers (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1973), p. iii.

296 affiliation with “secular humanism”: Rick Perlstein, “Behind the Right’s Phony War on the Nonexistent Religion of Secularism,” RollingStone.com, April 25, 2012; Kevin Kruse, “Beyond the Southern Cross: The National Origins of the Religious Right,” in Matthew D. Lassiter and Joseph Crespino, eds. The Myth of Southern Exceptionalism (New York: Oxford University Pres, 2009); Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, pp. 107, 147.

296 “everything in America” Ibid., p. 94.

296 Her troops called Cowan, Tribes of America, p. 77.

296 “Then it dawned” Ibid., p. 171.

297 “The anti-textbook people” Miller, With God on Our Side, p. 131; See reprint in The Daily Reporter, November 5, 1974, p. 5.

297 “Let me publish” Miller, With God on Our Side;the only references to this quote I could find were at second-hand from right-wing sources. “Jack and the Beanstalk” Hillock, “Books and Bombs.” “This is what” Ibid. “Get the nigger” Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, p. 48.

297 for instance via Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, p. 103.On Labor Day Martin, With God on Our Side, p. 127.

298 The next day Ibid. And so on September 11 Ibid., p. 128.

298 She was jeered Ibid.

298 Seymour Hersh “CIA Had Role in Allende Downfall,” NYT, September 8, 1974, p. 207; “Senate Staff Report on Chile Accuses helms and 3 of Contempt,” NYT, September 17, 1974, p. 1. President Ford announced “Proclamation 4313—Announcing a Program for the Return of Vietnam Era Draft Evaders and Military Deserters,” UCSB; “Remarks Announcing a Program for the Return of Vietnam Era Draft Evaders and Military Deserters,” UCSB, with audio. He was hammered “The President’s news Conference,” September 16, 1974, UCSB. “does a gross” AP-UPI, September 17, 1974. “too much to ask AP, September 17, 1974.

299 The “Vigilante Committee” Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, p. 52.

299 “You are making” Cowan, Tribes of America, p. 83. “culturally lost of Appalachia” Ibid., p. 79.

299 “Damn the torpedoes” AP, November 12, 1974. Late, Great Planet Earth See Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, pp. 43-44. at their faux-learned Rick Perlstein, “Behind the Right’s Phony War on the Nonexistent Religion of Secularism,” RollingStone.com, April 25, 2012; Kevin Kruse, “Beyond the Southern Cross: The National Origins of the Religious Right,” in Matthew D. Lassiter and Joseph Crespino, eds. The Myth of Southern Exceptionalism (New York: Oxford University Pres, 2009); Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, pp. 107, 147.

300 Reporters became the Ibid., p. 87; “West-by-God Virginia Fights Books,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 24, 1974; author interview with Jed Duvall, the reporter who was beaten up.

300 the judges in New York “Court May Have Freed Slaying Suspect,” NYT, December 6, 1973, p. 1, quoted in Karen M. Staller, Runaways: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped Today’s Practices and Policies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), p. 140. A Brooklyn trucker Jonathan Reider, Canarsie: The Jews and Italians of New York Against Liberalism (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1987), p. 68.

300 “excommunicate themselves” “Bishop Clarifies Abortion Stand,” LAT, April 10, 1975, p. D1.

300 The attorney who represented “Abortion and the Court,” Christianity Today, February 16, 1973. The attorney was Linda N. Coffee. a denomination that Christianity Today, July 5, 1974. The American BaptistChristianity Today, July 20, 1973 and April 14, 1974. “ought not to be” Ibid. When the National Claire Conner, Wrapped in the Flag: A Personal History of America’s Radical Right (Boston: Beacon Press, 2003), p. 176. In April, fifteen thousand UPI, April 29. 1974.

301 “Abortion is the monumental”Hartford Courant, August 11, 1974.

301 For instance, that spring Karen M. Staller, Runaways: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped Today’s Practices and Policies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), pp. 98, 170 and passim.

302 “This is the issue” Reagan, “A Time for Choosing,” October 27, 1964.

302 “more and more” New York Times Service, May 18, 1976, quoted in Jefferson Cowie, Stayin’ Alive; The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class (New York: New Press, 2010), p. 18.

302 For instance, CBS Author interview with David Rabin. “always striking, sometimes cheerful” “Going to the Dogs,” NYT, August 5, 1974, p. 22. “child-focused television messages” “Not for Children,” NYT, June 18, 1974, p. 38.

302 A liberal English teacher Daniel N. Fader, Paul and I Discover America (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1975).

304 The Gablers, for theirDel Rio News Herald, September 24, 1972, p. 4.

304 M*A*S*H* had debutedM*A*S*H: 30th Anniversary Reunion (20th Cenutry Fox, 2002); author interview with Heather Parton.

304 “I can’t disobey” Season 3, Episode 1, “The General Flipped at Dawn,” September 10. 1974. “Throw away all” Pilot, September 17, 1972. “I appeal to your” Season 3, Episode 4, “Iron Guts Kelly,” October 1, 1974. October 8, 1974 Season 3, Episode 5, “Or.”

305 “You just don’t understand” Cowan, Tribes of America, p. 85.

305 Kevin Phillips, now Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 29.

305 A fledgling right-wing Hillock, “Books and Bombs”; Martin, With God on our Side, p. 121-125; Susan Faludi, Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women (New York: Crown, 1991), p. 241. When Nixon vetoed “Veto of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1971,” December 9. 1971, UCSB. “little clusters of Evangelical” Leo Ribuffo, Right Center Left: Essaysin America History (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992).

306 The Heritage Foundation Jason Stahl, Salon.com, October 20, 2013.

306 “If you pick” Martin, With God on Our Side, p. 141.

306 “an introduction service” Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, p. 174. The Gablers…Dornan Martin, With God on Our Side, p. 135. had recently hung “Jane Fonda Addresses Rally at U.S.C. as Competing Rally Hangs Her in Effigy,” NBCUniversalArchives.com.

307 And on October 6 Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right, p. 44; Martin, With God on Our Side, p. 135. Twelve hours later AP, October 9, 1974.

307 In Boston that day Formisano, Boston against Busing, p. 79. The next day Ibid. Judge Garrity refused Ibid. President Ford was asked “The President’s News Conference,” October 9, 1974, UCSB.

307 White kids at Southie Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 80.

307 They pledged to AP, October 21, 1974. The next day UPI, October 22, 1974.

308 “reunited venerable symbols” “G.O.P’ Still Faces the Realities of Decay and Minority Status,” NYT, September 1, 1974, p. 32. The American Conservative Union Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 30. Senator Helms, for UPI, September 21, 1974.

308 The California governor Of Reagan’s thirty-seven mentions on the network news in 1973, thirteen are about the possibility of him replacing Agnew. In 1974 there were twenty-four mentions of him as a vice-presidential possibility. VNA. George Herbert Walker Bush Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 502. Then Rockefeller told UPI, August 24, 1974. The next week ENIR, August 30, 1974.

309 At Ford’s first “The President’s News Conference,” August 28, 1974, UCSB. Evans and Novak filed: ENIR, August 30. 1974. In one paper SeeThe Day (New London, Connecticut), August 30. 1974, p. 6.

309 “rigging and distortion” “Diplomacy: First Shots in tthe Enemy War,” Time, October 7, 1974. Henry Kissinger, speaking JTA Syndicate, September 24, 1974. Unbowed, Kuwait’s oil minister AP, September 24, 1974. Quoted in Time, op. cit.

310 Four days laterDominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 23. He had little time Robert M. Collins, More: The Politics of Economic Growth in Postwar America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 154.

310 By the proper choice‪Federal tax policy for economic growth and stability‬: ‪Hearings before the Subcommittee on Tax Policy of the Joint Committee on the Economic Report, Congress of the United States, Eighty-fourth Congress, first session, pursuant to sec. 5 (a) of Public law 304, 79th Congress‬ (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1956), p. 179, quoted in Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011). “We have learned” “Inaugural Address,” January 20, 1969, UCSB. the formally dismal science’sStein, Pivotal Decade.

311 “A correct emendation” Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 128.

311 “The Sears, Roebuck catalogue”: G. Calvin Mackenzie and Robert Weisbrot, The Liberal Hour: Washington and the Politics of Change in the 1960s (New York: Penguin Press, 2008), p. 14. Indeed, since Roosevelt Ibid. Poor Gerald Ford National Lampoon, November, 1974.

311 “Dear Mr. President” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 32. Congressman Wilbur Mills AP, October 5, 1974.

311 “Wilbur’s Watergate” TNR, September 14, 1974.

311 “Fanne Foxe, the Argentinian” See Julian Zelizer, On Capitol Hill: the Struggle to Reform Congress and Its Consequences, 1948–2000 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004), p. 159.

311 Jerry Ford tucked “Address to a Join Session of Congress on the Economy,” October 8, 1974, UCSB. As a congressman Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 7. As president he “Atlas Jobs,” Newsweek, February 4, 1975. “We have to chop” “Remarks in Salt Lake City, Utah,” November 2, 1974, UCSB.

313 She said “consumers” Sandbrook, Mad As Hell, p. 41. The speech began “Address to a Join Session of Congress on the Economy,” October 8, 1974, UCSB. View speech here.

314 WIN was a hit Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s, p. 138.

314 he spoke at Ibid., p. 35; AP, October 18, 1974.

315 Washington Post columnist William Raspberry, “Mr. Ford’s Testimony: The Suspicions Remain,” WP, October 21, 1974.

315 Nelson Rockefeller fended See for example Rome News-Tribune editorial, September 9, 1974 (“One wag Congress said if his fellow lawmakers want to tie down all the loose ends of the Rockefeller finances it could take a year and a half and employ 2,000 CPAs”), and UPI August 30. 1974. The hearings lasted through September, October, November, and September. A suspicious Newsweek September 23, 1974. See John C. Lungren M.D. and John C. Lungren Jr., Healing Richard Nixon: A Doctor’s Memoir (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2003), pp. 24-27.

315 “Establishment institutions in America” Lou Harris, September 30, 1974. Hutchinson, whose Michigan See Wikipedia entry on Michigan’s 4th Congressional District. “more like a defense lawyer” Alan Ehrenhalt, article syndicated from Congressional Quarterly, August 5, 1974. In New Jersey AP, October 31, 1974.

316 A New Jersey lawmaker “The Campaign: Landslide in the Making,” Time, October 14, 1974.

316 “I am running” Joseph Kraft, “Colorado’s ‘Politics of the Future,’” WP October 29, 1974. “Traditional ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative’” “Forum,” Time, October 28, 1974.

316 “The best way out” Kraft, “Colorado’s ‘Politics of the Future.’” “The party’s over” “The Senate: Impressive Freshman Class,” Time, November 18, 1974.

317 He wore expensive Richard Cohen, Gary Hart (Washington: Political Profiles, Inc., 1984). Evans and Novak said ENIR, October 10, 1974. “American liberalism,” he Gary Hart, Right from the Start: A Chronicle of the McGovenrn Campaign (New York: Quadrangle Books, 1973). Hart’s billboards read See David Broder column, February 29, 1984. His outmaneuvered opponent “Cover Story: Races to Watch,” Time, October 21, 1974.

317 His stock speech William G. Mayer, The Changing American Mind: How and Why American Public Opinion Changed Between 1960 and 1988 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993), p. 317.

317 “the party redeemed” Gary Hart, The Good Fight: The Education of an American Reformer (New York: Random House, 1993), p. 98. “a contest Jefferson” Ibid., p. 108.

318 1976 Winter Olympics AP, September 11, 1974. Michael Dukakis, the suburban UPI, November 11, 1974. Jerry Brown would Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 198; Michael Barone, Our Country: The Shaping of America from Roosevelt to Reagan (New York: Free Press, 1992), p. 536.

318 In their allergy Rick Perlstein, “The Saga of the Golden Fleece: Why America Needs to Learn to Love Government Spending Once Again,” OurFuture.org, February 3, 2009 (link dead); AP, April 17, 1974.

318 JFK was their David Broder, Changing of the Guard: Power and Leadership in America (New York: Penguin, 1981), p. 57. Another, Norm Minetta Ibid., p. 54. the thirty-two-yaer-old Ball State Zelizer, On Capitol Hill, p. 160.the Purdue professor AP, November 6, 1974. a chaplain on leaveChristianity Today, December 6, 1974, on Robert W. Edgar. For example, an Iowa Don Luce, “We’ve Been Here Before: The Tiger Cages of Vietnam,” History News Network. Texas-born Ramsey Clark Alexander Wohl, Father, Son, and Constitution: How Justice Tom Clark and Attorney General Ramsey Clark Shaped American Democracy (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2013), pp. 383-391.

319 “little Hubert Humprheys” David Broder, “Big Majority of Big Spenders,” WP, November 3, 1974, p. C6. Instead they had Common Cause Zelizer, On Capitol Hill, p.160. “Everybody is organized” UPI, October 6, 1971.

320 They were joined Zelizer, On Capital Hill, p. 54, 119. The Democratic National Committee “Carter: Ready Grin, Homespun Manner,” WP, January 16, 1976; Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1984-2008 (New York: Harper, 2008), p. 75; Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 143.

320 A New York magazine Richard Reeves, “Jerry Ford and His Flying Circus: A Presidential Diary,” New York, November 25, 1974. “election of these extremists” “Remarks at a Rally in Oklahoma City,” October 22, 1974, UCSB.

321 office for the first time Broder, Changing of the Guard, p. 75. In a new survey Geoffrey Kabaservice, Rule and Ruin: The Downfall of Moderation and the Destruction of the Republican Party, From Eisenhower to the Tea Party (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012), p. 349.

321 “revitalized the old” “Senate and House Margins Are Substantially Enlarged: Democrats Widen Margins in Congress,” NYT, November 6, 1974, p. 93. “no place for partisanship” Ibid. “I’m not entirely sure” Broder, Changing of the Guard, p. 44. Said Ronald Reagan Speech to Conservative Political Action Conference,” March 1, 1975.

321 one, Leo Thorsness “G.O.P’s War Hero Candidate Offers McGovern Stiff Race,” NYT, July 22, 1974, p. 31; see also Michael Allen, Until the Last Man Comes Home: Ibid.; Michael Allen, Until the Last Man Comes Home: POWs, MIAs, and the Unending Vietnam War (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 2009), p. 79 and Craig Howes, Voices of the Vietnam POWs: Witnesses to their Flight (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), p. 11.

In West Virginia Hillock, “Books and Bombs.” Thousands of anti-textbook AP, November 10, 1974; Cowan, The Tribes of America, p. 91. Once more, compromise AP, November 11, 1974.

322 In Boston, October Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 81. On Thanksgiving Day Cowan, The Tribes of America, p. 132. On December 11 Formisano, Boston Against Busing, p. 82.

323 heroes like Jeremiah Denton AP, November 19, 1974. “back to the source” Andreas Killen, 1973 Nervous Breakdown: Watergate, Warhol, and the Birth of Post-Sixties America (New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2007), p. 29. SeeNew York Times review, April 21, 1974.

323 “Mankind today stands” Mihajlo D. Mesarovic, ed., Mankind at the Turning Point: The Second Report to the Club of Rome (New York: Dutton, 1974). Science magazine found paperback blurb in possession of author. Time found its “The Environment: Club of Rome: Act Two,” Time, October 21, 1974.

323 Paul Erhlich, along Robin Clark, ed., Notes for the Future (Universe Books, 1976). Ehrlich himself had See Tonight Show guests for 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, and 1980.

324 The Politics of PornographyChristianity Today, September 13, 1974. Its author, Dr. Rousas J. Rushdoony Mason, Reading Appalachia from Right to Left, p. 119.

324 They were so impressed editorial, September 25 ,1974; “The Feminists and the Bible,” Christianity Today, February 2, 1973; item on split over feminism at second annual Conference on Contemporary Issues at Conservative Baptist Seminary in Denver, July 20. 1973; Seth Dowland, “‘Family Values’ and the Formation of a Christian Right Agenda,” Church History, Vol. 78, Issue 3 (September 2009), pp. 606-631.

324 “It is no longer”Christianity Today, September 13, 1974.

 

 

CHAPTER SIXTEEN: WATERGATE BABIES

 

326 Fishbait was gone Julian Zelizer, On Capitol Hill: the Struggle to Reform Congress and Its Consequences, 1948–2000 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004), p. 166; AP, December 5, 1974.

326 The event was Zelizer, On Capitol Hill, p. 165. the Washington Post “The Democratic Caucus in Command,” WP, January 20, 1975, p. A18. U.S. News & World Report Zelizer, On Capitol Hill, p. 168.

327 One vote was Ibid., p. 166. they expanded its membership Ibid.

327 “a mob of crusading” Ibid., p. 167.

327 literally share a seat Ibid., p. 135. “boys and girls” Mary McGrory column, January 21, 1975.

328 Common Cause report Ibid., p. 168. “You can’t have”Anniston Star, January 27, 1975, p. 2. “It’s permanent” AP, February 5, 1975.
328 One Old Bull For Wayne Hays see “Reforming Wayne Hays,” Youngstown Vindicator, January 17, 1975; “Hays Survives Reform Wave; Promises Cited,” Portsmouth Times, January 25, 1975; Mary McGrory column, June 2, 1975; andVillage Voice, May 19, 1975. “a disgrace to Ohio” “Half-Rebellion,” NYT, January 19, 1975, p. 196.

329 “The new idealists” Zelizer, On Capitol Hill, p. 170. the Washington Post “The Trouble With Mr. Hays,” WP, January 22, 1975, p. A20. Ralph Nader, whose Zelizer, On Capitol Hill, 169.

329 “political Poseidon Adventure Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (New York: Prima Publishing, 2001), p. 448. The party’s pollster Dominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 24. “Do you have confidence” Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 21.

329 On Christmas morning New York Times Service, December 27, 1974. A massive banner Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 11.

330 The Times ran Ibid. On January 5: Ibid., p. 48-50. “Having the CIA investigated” “A Blue Ribbon Goat,” NYT, January 7, 1975, p. 33.

331 On January 19 “Book Business” column, WP, January 19, 1975, p. 98. That same day Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 36; “FBI Had Files on Congress, Ex Aides Say,” WP, January 19. 1975, p. 1. and, one week later “FBI Tapped King at 1964 Convention,” WP, January 26, 1975, p. 1. both houses voted Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 42. “You make up your mind” Thomas Borteslmann, The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013), p. 44.

331 Between 1947 and 1974 Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 43. “In this year”: Ibid., p. 52. a “shuddering fear” Ibid. a “shadow government” Ibid., p. 51. “If surgery is required” Ibid., p. 52.

332 “I will do whatever” Ibid., p. 55. And for one CBS News, January 6, 1975, VNA. The New York Times “Reagan Misses 3 Sessions ofC.I.A. Spying Inquiry,” NYT, February 6, 1975, p. 17.
331 officially in recession Sandbrook, Mad As Hell, p. 42.A Harris poll Lou Harris column, January 6, 1975. Hear “Funky New President (People It’s Bad!)” here. For chart position see liner notes to James Brown, Star Time (1991).

332 eliminate 11,600 civilian jobs AP, November 22, 1974. auto industry announced 40,000 AP, November 23, 1974. American Motors idled Ibid. Maryland’s largest private Sandbrook, Mad As Hell, p. 33. foreign car sales Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 58. The Economist said Reprinted in syndication January 24, 1975. The National Association of Homebuilders Sanbrook, Mad As Hell, p. 42.

333 “Will Araby Bankrupt” Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 49. Time noted jocularly “Books: Wild Easterns,” Time, May 26, 1975. Christmastime interview in BusinessWeek Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 49. See also Miles Ignotus [pseudonym for Edward Luttwak] “Seizing Arab Oil,” Harper’s, March 1975 (pdf).

333 “I must say to you” “Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress Reporting on the State of the Union,” January 15, 1975, UCSB.

334 who edited the Economist Reprinted in syndication January 24, 1975.

334 “Ford Lauded by Wall Street” AP, February 15, 1975. He gave speeches “Address Before a Conference of the National Federation of Independent Businesses,” June 17, 1975, UCSB.

334 “the punishment of resignation”: Lou Cannon, President Reagan: The Role of a Lifetime (New York: Public Affairs, 2000), p. 55.

334 who told CBS CBS News, January 6, 1975, VNA.

334 Balanced Growth and Economic Planning Act Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011). Intellectuals devoured the Daniel Bell, The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting (New York: Heineman, 1994), p. 297.

335 When Gallup asked George Gallup, The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976), November, 1974.

335 Columnist Colman McCarthy’s “Endings Are Beginnings,” WP, December 31, 1974, p. A8, quoted in Sandbrook, Mad As Hell, p. 28.

335 “Horatio Alger Jr., who” Edwin P. Hoyt, Horatio’s Boys: The Life and Works of Horatio Alger Jr. (New York: Chilton, 1973).

335 according to Gallup George Gallup, The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976), January, 1975.

335 Late in his second Kiron K. Skinner, Martin Anderson, and Annelise Anderson, eds., Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan that Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America (New York: Free Press, 20001), p. xiii-xiv; David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who?: William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012), p. 310; Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), pp. 68-69; Meeting notes with Jim McFadden, DHH, Folder 1-7; “Communications Strategy for 1975,” July 10. 1974, DHH; Hannaford to Meese cc Deaver, September 19 1974, DHH; “Ronald Reagan: A Program for the Future,” November 4, 1974, DHH; “Ronald Reagan: Building A National Organization,” November 4, 1974, DHH; memo on Glenn Cambell proposal, November 4, 1974, DHH; income projections memo, December 13, 1974, DHH, Folder 1-7.

337 Like that office’sShirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 70.“People will tire” Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 400.

337 “If you’re under” RRRH, 75-01 track 1, recorded January 8, 1975.

337 “Why is the Consumer” RRRH, 75-01, track 2, recorded January 8, 1975.

337 “If you’re charged” RRRH, 75-01, track 3, recorded January 8, 1975.

337 “If you’re not familiar” RRRH, 75-01, track 4, recorded January 8, 1975.

338 Polish bisxual frogs Ibid., track 4. little newspaper in Bob Lancaster, “Great Polish Bisexual Frogs Mystery Solved,” Boca Raton News, July 15, 1974.

339 “case of mass hysteria” RRRH, 75-01, track tk, recorded January 1975.

339 two hundred thousand AP, November 23, 1974.

339 Sixty-six percent George Gallup, The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976), November, 1974.

339 “a hemophiliac, bleeding” Saturday Review, March 25, 1967.