THE INVISIBLE BRIDGE: SOURCE NOTES
NOTES_1-8NOTES_9-16NOTES_17-24NOTES_25-32

CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE: NOT THE CANDIDATE OF KOOKS

594 “In man’s long” “Address Before a Join Session of the Congress Reporting on the State of the Union,” January 19, 1976, UCSB.

595 “Jerry the jerk” Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 98.

595 “citizens’ press conferences” Ibid., p. 105; see also “Reagan: The Tax Man,” Nashua Telegraph editorial, January 6, 1976.

595 Campaign chiefs Bo Callaway Ibid., p. 102; Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 380.

595 “The people of New Hampshire”: Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 102. Lyn Nofziger said “Reagan Spending Cut Plan Stirs N.H. Fears of Taxes,” Boston Globe, January 2, 1976, p. 3. Another key spokesman Ibid.

596 “In three days” AP, January 7, 1976. “The man who wants” “Reagan: The Tax Man,” Nashua Telegraph editorial, January 6, 1976. Bo Callaway gotMilwaukee Journal, January 7, 1976. Mary McGroy pivoted Mary McGrory column, January 14, 1976. And so at that Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 110. “I think he’s sorry” AP, January 12, 1976.

597 A poll of Republican AP, January 13, 1976.

597 Cotton told the press Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 120. A Supreme Court decision AP, January 20, 1976. On January 24 George Will, “Sen. Matthias’ ‘Stroll,’” WP, January 25, 1976, p. 131. “Every time Ford” Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 46.

597 On January 15 Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 6. one week after Julian Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security—From World War II to the War on Terrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2009). nine days before ENIR, January 29, 1976. Kissinger told Ford Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 128.

598 Daniel Schorr of CBS Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978), pp. 52, 228, 251-252. Pike replied, “What” Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 159. Strikingly, the Pike Report is hard to find online. A download is available for purchase here. Read Ron Nessen fielding questions on the subject here.

599 The House Rules Committee Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government., p. 159. Those against argued Ibid., p. 160.

599 He took his copy Ibid., p. 161. the New York Times editorialized “Selling Secrets,” NYT, February 15, 1976, p. E2; reprinted here. Nor Schorr’s bosses Wicker, On Press, p. 251; “Affiliates Committee of CBS Radio Urged Dismissal of Schorr,” NYT, March 11, 1976, p. 48.

600 The House Ethics Committee Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 170. But the version Ibid., p. 180.

600 Pike gave an interview Ibid., p. 110. “Where is the legislation?” Ibid., p. 3. The radical journalist I.F. Stone “The Schorr Case: The Real Dangers,” New York Review of Books, April 1, 1976, cited in Janet Karsten Larson, “The Intelligence ‘Flap’: Lies My Uncle Told Me,” Christian Century, June 2, 1976. “You peel off” Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 159.

600 Lucy, the psychiatrist: Cited in Janet Karsten Larson, “The Intelligence ‘Flap’: Lies My Uncle Told Me.”

601 Came the newsShirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 111. a Washington joke Morris K. Udall, Bob Neuman, and Randy Udall, Too Funny to be President (New York: Henry Holt & Company, 1987).

601 The next day Drew, American Journal, p. 21. “They’ve lost their” Anthony Lewis, “The Politics of Patriotism,” NYT, February 16, 1976, p. 15.

601 Before the year Irving Kristol, “Post-Watergate Morality: Too Good for our Own Good?: The Reforms Aimed at Solving Today’s Problems Are Likely to Constitute the Problems of Tomorrow”, NYTM, November 14, 1976, p. 225.

601 An unintended consequence Alan Crawford, Thunder on the Right (New York: Pantheon, 1981), p. 58;Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, pp. 109-110; Tom Wicker column, May 9, 1976.

602 “In getting Hugh Gregg” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution.

602 Garry Wills wrote Column quoted in Nashua Telegraph, January 30, 1976. Mike Royko referred: Mike Royko column, February 6, 1976, reprinted in Mike Royko, Sez Who? Sez Me (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982), p. 115. The February Harper’s Barry Farrell, “The Candidate from Disneyland,” Harper’s, February 1976. More earnestly Drew, American Journal, p. 234.

603 “WASHINGTON, Feb. 14” See reprint, “’Welfare Queen’ Becomes Issue in Reagan Campaign,” NYT, February 15, 1976, p. 51. See also “Linda Taylor, Welfare Queen: Ronald Reagan Made Her a Notorious American Villain. Linda Taylor’s Other Sins Were Far Worse,” Slate.com, December 19, 1973.

603 indeed, the Times “Welfare and Pension Swindle Laid to Woman of Many Aliases; 3 Homes Reported ‘Biggest Scheme,’” NYT, December 15, 1974, p. 58.

604 The same day “OIL, GAS DONATIONS FLOWING TO REAGAN,” Boston Globe, February 15, 1976, p. 17; Scripps-Howard, February 15, 1973. “I believe that” ABC News, February 14, 1976.

604 “are not invested” AP, February 14, 1976. “backdoor socialism” AP, February 22, 1976.

605 The Globe described “Faces May Change, But Primaries Follow Old Script,” Boston Globe, January 17, 1976, p. 9; Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (Roseville, California: Prima Publishing, 2001), p. 459.

605 Ford arrived to Drew, American Journal, p. 26. ABC News, for instance ABC News, February 14, 1976.
605 So, standing behind Drew, American Journal, p. 26; “Remarks at a Briefing on the Budget in Concord, New Hampshire,” February 7, 1976, UCSB; “Remarks at a Chamber of Commere Dinner in Nashua, New Hampshire,” February 7, 1976, UCSB; “The President’s News Conference,” February 17, 1976, UCSB. Henry Kissinger said Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 124. Wilson called Reagan: Ibid., p. 109. Richardson said the David Broder, “Ford N.H. Effort Focuses on Fear of Conservatism,” WP, February 14, 1976. “I am a little surprised” Witcover, Marathon, p. 391.

606 whose chairman, Jeremy Rifkin Christopher Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country’: Celebrating the Bicentennial in an Age of Limits,” in David Farber and Beth Bailey, eds, America in the Seventies (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), p. 44; Douglas F. Dowd, The Twisted Dream: Capitalist Development in the United States Since 1776 (Cambridge: Winthrop Publishers, 1974). “Now,” Reagan had RRRH, 75-19, track 4, “People’s Bicentennial Commission Survey,” recorded October, 1975.

606 Ford handled them Drew, American Journal, pp. 31-32; AP, February 9. 1976. Reagan, though, veritably AP, February 11, 1976; Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 460.

607 the National Education Association “Reagan Fears NEA Impact on Schools,” Boston Globe, February 5, 1976, p. 14; “Teachers’ Group Seeks Naitonal System Like Hitler’s for U.S. Schools, Reagan Says,” LAT, February 5, 1976, p. B23. Or, speaking to Drew, American Journal, p. 49.

607 Ford, tacking right ABC News, February 14, 1976. Reagan came back AP, February 11, 1976. William Loeb ran Drew, American Journal, p. 46. Mel Thomson went Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 116. A Ford supporter Ibid., p. 124.

607 “Mr. Gelinas, I am” Harold Isaacs, Jimmy Carter’s Peanut Brigade (Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1977), p. 14.

608 “Camp Carter” Ibid., p. 11.

608 “‘long Johns,’ or thermal” Ibid., p. 14.

609 “Postcard Plan”: Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977), p. 27.

609 In the Village Voice Alexander Cockburn, “Press Clips: The Truth About Jimmy Carter,” Village Voice, February 9, 1976.

609 There, journalist Steve Brill Brill, “Jimmy Carter’s Pathetic Lies,” Harper’s, March, 1976.

610 The New York Times recorded “Carter’s Candor Is Becoming an Issue in the Campaign: ‘Fudging Charged,” NYT, January 26, 1976, p. 16.

610 As he wrote Jimmy Carter, Why Not the Best? (Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1976), p. 2. “War Between the States” Ibid., p. 67. “I won’t give you” Patrick Anderson, Electing Jimmy Carter: The Campaign of 1976 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1994), p. 5. To a group Ibid., p.10.

611 “He’s trapped now” NYT, January 27 1976.

611 Carter observed how Anderson, Electing Jimmy Carter, pp. 9-10.

612 critic James Wolcott “Presidential Aesthetics,” Village Voice, January 19, 1976. “Carter’s association with Rickover” Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 16.

612 The political editor Ibid., p. 17. On amnesty for Schramm, Running for President, p. 92. straddle on desegregation NYT, January 27 1976. Mo Udall, point-blank Drew, American Journal, p. 44. Carter, all over NYT, January 27 1976.

613 “Both parties would” Christopher Lydon, “A Disenchanted Electoral May Stay Home in Droves,” NYT, February 1, 1976, p. 1. there was Bayh NYT, January 27 1976. Sargent Shriver, former Drew, American Journal, p. 39. Fred Harris, a portly Ibid., p. 47. Milton Schapp, the Jewish Ibid., p. 5.

613 drafting Hubert Humphrey Ibid., p 68; Wolcott, “Presidential Aesthetics.”

613 Udall’s schedule Richard Reeves, Old Faces of ’76 (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), p. 3. Walter Mondale Udall, Too Funny to be President, p. 13.

614 “A DISENCHANTED ELECTORATE” NYT, February 1, 1976, p. 1.

614 “Having been born” “What Our Readers Are Saying,” Milwaukee Journal, February 17, 1975. “Three of General Electric’s” Times-Post News Service, February 2, 1976; Drew, American Journal, p. 23. A few weeks later AP, February 22, 1976. In New York Whitney Strub, Perversion for Profit: The Politics of Pornography and the Rise of the New Right (New York: Columbia University Press, 2013), p. 231.

615 Billy James Hargis denied AP, February 22, 1976. that JFK had WP, February 23, 1976. in Philadelphia, 266 UPI, February 17, 1976.

615 “Fort Apache” Tom Walker, “The Siege of Fort Apache,” New York, February 23, 1976.

615 “locusts, termites, and”UPI, February 24, 1976, in Dubuque Telegraph Herald.The oil company Tenneco ABC News, February 14, 1976. The Financial Times “Morality Outmoded?”, The Dawn magazine, July, 1976. For more on the forgotten multinational-corporation bribery scandals of 1975-76 see also “Scandals: Lifting the Lid on Some Mysterious Money,” Time, June 23, 1975, and “Scandals: The Biggest Payoff,” Time, July 28, 1975.

616 Patty Hearst’s trial William Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), pp. 57-116. I am indebted to Professor Graebner for this argument about the ideological implications of the Patty Heart trial.

619 On February 21St. Petersburg Times, February 23, 1976; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 127. “Where’s the manger?”: Ibid. In the receiving line Edmund Morris, “Dutch Returns,” NYT, February 11, 2005. “they all looked” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 127; Ron Reagan, My Father at 100 (New York: Plume, 2012), p. 53; “Tired Reagan Hails Results As ‘Victory,’” LAT, February 25, 1976, p. B14; Freeport Journal-Standard, February 24, 1976, p. 1

619 Senator Norris Cotton Jeffrey Hart column, February 15, 1976. Then the thirty-seventh Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 122.

620 Asked if he “Tired Reagan Hails Results As ‘Victory,’” LAT, February 25, 1976, p. B14.

620 he leaked a poll Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 133. dark amber liquid” “Ford’s Headquarters Is Open To Everyone But Nixon’s Ghost,” NYT, March 21, 1976.

620 “Carter should understand” Gold, PR As In President, p. 18. “Jimmy Who?”: 29.4 percent Schramm, Running for President, p. 29. Only 32.5 percent Charles Sieb, “The News Business: Why Didn’t the Voters Vote?”, WP, March 5, 1976, p. A25.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX: BORN AGAIN

 

622 George Wallace was Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 124-125.

623 Reporter Martin Schramm Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977), p. 92; see also AP, February 16, 1976.

623 When Wallace won Tom Wicker column, NYT, July 6, 1973, reprinted here. Then the assassination See Arthur Bremmer, An Assassin’s Diary (New York: Harper’s Magazine Press, 1973).

624 fairground in Decatur Wicker colum; Bill Anderson, “Was Alabama Rally a Love Fest?”, [CT, July 19, 1973, p. 12.

624 Wallace himself began “Labor’s Political Punch: Can It Handle Wallace?”, LAT, March 7, 1974, p. 1. By the middle of 1975The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976), “The Wallace Factor,” August, 1975; Drew, American Journal, p. 256. And that violence Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 341. hardware store in Oskaloosa Harold Isaacs, Jimmy Carter’s Peanut Brigade (Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1977), p. 35. “Every one of them” Drew, American Journal, p. 125.

625 when he spoke AP, March 30, 1973. Tom Wicker had Tom Wicker column, NYT, July 6, 1973. Like the time Issacs, Jimmy Carter’s Peanut Brigade, p. 35.

625 “drinking out of my dipper” Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 244. OK, good deal Issacs, Jimmy Carter’s Peanut Brigade, p. 35.

625 “I AM AGAINST BUSING” Drew, American Journal, p. 67. In 1970 he Ibid., p. 135. voice of those Democrats “Kennedy Assails Nixon at AFL-CIO Convention,” LAT, October 20, 1973, p. A2. calling energy executives Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 161.

626 “black hole of charisma” Sidney Blumenthal, The Rise of the Counter-Establishment: The Conservative Ascent to Political Power (New York: Cron, 1986), p. 114. Mark Russell joked Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 44.

626 Since then, though Drew, American Journal, p. 135. Besides, asked Richard Reeves “The Inevitability of Scoop Jackson,” New York, December 17, 1973.

626 One of Daniel Schorr’s Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978), p. 248. and in Boston John Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in the 1970s (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1991). “I think the people” AP, January 7, 1976. The Alabaman just Mary McGrory column, January 26, 1976.

627 At Faneuil Hall Drew, American Journal, p. 64. Greg Schneiders wrote Schramm, Running for President, p. 33.

627 “American homeowners will” Ibid., p. 36.

627 Jackson upset Drew, American Journal, p. 67. “Jackson juggernaut” Bill Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me (Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press, 1995), p. 163. “We put together” Drew, American Journal, p. 67.

628 Jimmy Carter didn’t Witcover, Marathon, p. 257. startled to learn Schramm, Running for President, p. 91. Illinois, which voted UPI, March 11, 1976.

628 “We worked in the” Drew, American Journal, pp. 99-101.

629 He put on a yarmulk: Schramm, Running for President, pp. 88-89. Co-opting Wallace’s old Drew, American Journal, p. 175.

629 Jackson set up squads Schramm, Running for President, p. 89. “a sad day” Drew, American Journal, p. 23. “Look at what”: Schramm, Running for President, p. 39. “progressive centrist”Milwaukee Journal, March 5, 1976; Milwaukee Sentinel, March 17, 1976 My campaign Udall, Too Funny to Be President, p. 37.

630 “Battle of Jacksonville” Isaacs, Jimmy Carter’s Peanut Brigade, p. 31. The candidate certainly Schramm, Running for President, p. 89.

630 His standard speech ENIR, January 30, 1976; Drew, American Journal, p. 48. His opening speechCraig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 91. banning aid for Angola Drew, American Journal, p. 49.

631 Now, not Nancy Reagan Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 97. Her husband, meanwhile Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, pp. 133, 138.

631 In a pre-dawn Ibid., p. 133. They had a poll Julian Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security—From World War II to the War on Terrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2009), p. tk.

632 Negotiations to reform Adam Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch: The Panama Canal Treaties and the Rise of the Right (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2008), Chapter One.

632 “Vietnam-type situation” Ibid., p. 14. In February, 1974 Ibid., p. 8.

632 Strom Thurmond of South Carolina Ibid., p. 9. In a May 1975: RRRH 75-10, track 6, “Panama Canal,” track 6. the John Birch Society Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch, p. 18.

633 On Memorial Day Ibid., p. 22. He told the Veterans Ibid. That fall, George Wallace Ibid., p. 17. Reagan tried on Helms’ Ibid., p. 23.

633 He’d given a hard-hitting Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 123.

634 “State Department actions” Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch, p. 26. Ronald Reagan understood Christopher Lydon, “A Disenchanted Electoral May Stay Home in Droves,” NYT, February 1, 1976, p. 1. “Rioting for rent”Perlstein, Nixonland, p. 111.

634 Evans and Novak had ENIR, March 5, 1976. “I won’t saw it off” Sarasota Herald-Tribune, March 6, 1976. And at a March 4 Drew, American Journal, p. 27; Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch, p. 27; Reuters, March 5, 1976; Sarasota Herald-Tribune, March 5, 1976.

635 Mozambique closed its border AP, March 4, 1976; Drew, American Journal, 78. “with great circumspection” NYT, March 5, 1976.

635 a Boston Globe exit Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 140.

635 “insert a nozzle” Ibid., p. 135. “He’s lazy” Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 54.

635 The president’s campaign machine Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 105. “international outlaw” Fidel Castro: Drew, American Journal, p. 64. “détente was only” Ibid. His actual policy “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session With Members of the Chicago Council of Foreign Relations,” March 12, 1976, UCSB.

636 He made the remarks Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 139; “Remarks in Miami, Florida, at a Naturalization Ceremony for New American Citizens,” February 28, 1976, UCSB. Noted a reporter Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 138. And so Ford Ibid., p. 149. “Santa Claus Is Coming” AP, March 24, 1976. A free tape Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 149.

636 Reagan went on Ibid., p. 152. Fighting a cold Ibid., p. 153. “having to defend” George Will column, March 16, 1976.

636 a $688,000 deficit Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 155.“actual buying of the votes” “Kissinger Scored on Campaign Role,” NYT, March 14 1976, p. 44. “crush him” “Reagan Criticism Is Seen Spurring Ford,” NYT, March 12, 1976, p. 16. “We appear to have” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 156.

637 the Reagan campaign’s 737 Ibid., p. 155; Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch, p. 25. The day before Illinois Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 158. The Times quoted Ibid. The New Yorker’s Elizabeth Drew Drew, American Journal, p. 116. “The Californian argued” “Ford and Carter Amass Delegates in Illinois Races,” NYT, March 18, 1976, p. 85.

637 It was around then Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 160.

637 “For heaven’s sake” Ibid., p. 161.

638 on the fourth Read Admiral Stockdale’s Medal of Honor citation at Homeoftheheroes.com. “As we celebrate”: “Remarks on Awarding the Congressional Medal of Honor to Four Members of the Armed Forces,” March 4, UCSB.

638 “Freedom Wagon Train” Monica Schneider, “The American Bicentennial: Celebration, Cerebration and the Suppression of Complex Discourse,” honors thesis, Oberlin University, 2003; Drew, The American Journal, p. 228. a “Bicentennial minute” See some here and here; Carol Burnette satire here; see reference on All in the Family here.

639 defective bomb exploded AP, March 12, 1976. Three days later Ron Koziol, “Weather Underground Has ‘Blueprint for Terror,’” CT, March 14, 1976, p. 1.

639 The next day AP, March 15, 1976.

640 Another conservative strand Stacie Taranto, “Ellen McCormack for President: Politics and an Improbably Path to Passing Anti-Abortion Policy,” Journal of Policy History, Vo. 24, No. 2 (April, 2012); and Federal Election Commission file on McCormack case dated July 4, 1976 (pdf).

640 “Wait ’til North Carolina” Ernest B. Ferguson, Hard Right: The Rise of Jesse Helms (New York: Norton, 1986), p. 117

640 The ACU had begun Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, pp. 109, 166-167; Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch, p. 30.

641 Jesse Alexander Helms Jr. Ferguson, Hard Right, Chapter One.

643 “The three-year-old” Ibid., p. 19.

644 Inspired by the tactics Ibid., p. 105. “the human holocaust” Ibid., p. 16. “I know nothing” Ernest B. Ferguson column, August 12, 1976.

644 As a Democratic colleague Ferguson, Hard Right, p. 24.

644 “Fight today, friends tomorrow” Ibid.

645 Helms decided to turn Ibid., p. 116. Sears gave in Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 162. Quietly, he’d been Ibid., p. 168. intimations of Hollywood Ibid., p. 165, 169, 173. Gable and Lombard released February 11, 1976. The Last Tycoon released August 26, 1976. The Shootist released August 20, 1976. “What kind of foreign policy” Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch, p. 30.

636 “Gov, that stuff”: Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 169.

647 One reviewer—Elizabeth Drew Drew, American Journal, p. 354.

647 weighing the dozens Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 168. Meanwhile, all year Ibid., p. 173.

647 Meanwhile the President Ferguson, Hard Right, p. 117; Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), pp. 421-422; “Remarks in Charlotte at the North Carolina State Annual Convention of the Future Homemakers of America,” March 20. 1976, UCSB.

647 William F. Buckley’s column March 22, 1976 (note unflattering, angry caricature). James J. Kirkpatrick March 23, 1976.

648 The Reagan gang Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 174.

 

 

HAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN: ALWAYS SHUCK THE TAMALE

 

649 “In one sense I had”Charles Colson, Born Again (Old Tappan, NJ: Chosen Books, 1976), p. 11. “Carter’s Convictions Mystify” The headline is from the Spartanburg Herald-Journal, May 22, 1976.

649 They first surfaced Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977), p. 104.

650 Just about simultaneously Richard Reeves, “Carter’s Secret: Understanding America’s Spiritual Crisis,” New York, March 22,1 976, p. 28.

650 The Washington Post’s Myra McPherson, “Devout ‘Minister’: Carter’s Sister: Healing the Wounds of the ‘Inner Child,’” WP, March 21, 1976, p. 1.

650 He would say Schramm, Running for President, p. 108.

651 “as alien to America” Peter Clecak, quoted in E.J. Dionne, Why Americans Hate Politics (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991), p. 226. “unbelieving popular majority” George Cornell column, AP, October 25, 1975.

651 That February, two thousand “Remarks at the Combined Convention of the National Religious Broadcasters and the National Association of Evangelicals,” February 22, 1976, UCSB. congressman John Conlan Jason LeBau, “Mr. Arizona: The Impact of Barry Goldwater on the Arizona Republican Party,” presentation to “Goldwater at 100” conference, Arizona State University, 2009 (pdf);“Politics: Arizona Shootout,” Time, September 20, 1976; “Politicians Woo the Evangelical Right,” Milwaukee Sentinel, May 22, 1976.“In a profile” Garry Wills, “Born Again Politics,” NYTM, August 1, 1976, p. 156, reprinted in Wills, Lead Time: A Journalist’s Education (New York: Doubleday, 1983), p. 275. “We believe our nation” Andrew Preston, “Universal Nationalism: Christian America’s Response to the Years of Upheaval,” in Niall Ferguson, Charles S. Maier, Erez Manela, and Daniel J. Sargent, eds., The Shock of the Global: The 1970s in Perspective (Cambridge, Massachusetts: the Belknap Press of Harvard, 2011), p. 308.

651 Oral Roberts Heather Hendershot, What’s Fair on the Air?: Cold War Right-Wing Broadcasting and the Public Interest (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011), p. 187. A third, Jerry Falwell Michael Sean Winters, “How the Ghost of Jerry Falwell Conquered the Republican Party,” The New Republic, March 5, 2012.

651 Twenty thousand gatheredChristianity Today, April 23, 1976; Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 20, 1976;Lakeland Ledger, March 6, 1976;St. Petersburg Times, March 26, 1976; AP, March 27, 1976. Christian couples devoured Susan Faludi, Backlash: The Undeclared War Against Women (New York: Crown, 1991), pp. 262-263. The Los Angeles Times “Conflict Over Authority of Bible Heats Up,” LAT, May 3, 1976, p. B1. 2.5 million copies Ibid. “Third Century Index” “Politicians Woo the Evangelical Right,” Milwaukee Sentinel, May 22, 1976.

652 archenemy Eldridge Cleaver “Eldridge Cleaver: New Directions and Goals: Eldridge Cleaver Sees Communist Move to Colonize the World, Take Over the U.S.,” LAT, September 14, 1976, p. C1. that the FCC UPI, May 30. 1975;Evening Independent, May 31, 1975. The rumor is still active. See FCC.gov, “Religious Broadcast Rumor Denied.”

652 “I’m not afraid”: May 6, 1976 interview reprinted in Jimmy Carter, A Government As Good As Its People (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1977), pp. 67-77.

653 “Wee Jimmy”: Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 153. Hamilton Jordan, who Drew, American Journal, p. 298. Jody Powell, who: Patrick Anderson, Electing Jimmy Carter: The Campaign of 1976 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1994), p. 5. Charles Kirbo, to Ken Auletta, “The Waiting-for-Jimmy Blues,” New York, July 12, 1976, p. 7. Jerry Rafshoon, who Schramm, Running for President, p. 31. asked Ambassador Averell Harriman Drew, American Journal, p. 288. Another insider Ibid., p. 69.

653 If “old Hubert” Ibid., p. 68. “Running against Washington” Scripps-Howard Syndicate, March 25, 1976.

654 “As far as I’m concerned” James Wolcott, “Presidential Aesthetics,” Village Voice, January 19, 1976.

654 So it was that Drew, American Journal, p. 102.

654 The New York Times Magazine “The Selling of a Candidate: Carter’s Image Is a Vision, or a Con, or a Little of Both,” NYTM, March 28, 1976, p. 189.

654 On March 12 Drew, American Journal, p. 101. On March 18 Ibid., p. 116. “I realize it” Los Angeles Times/Washington Post News Service, March 12, 1976.

655 Carter campaigned like St. Petersburg Times, March 19, 1976. He responded testily Ibid. “I don’t feel” Drew, American Journal, p. 105. resemblance to John F. Kennedy Schramm, Running for President, p. 30.

655 “Carter Upset By Udall”: Morris K. Udall, Bob Neuman, and Randy Udall, Too Funny to be President (New York: Henry Holt & Company, 1987), p. 20; Harold Isaacs, Jimmy Carter’s Peanut Brigade (Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1977), p. 39; Bill Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me (Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press, 1995), p. 194. See final version here.

656 Reagan had cancelled J.F. terrorist column, April 5, 1976. another count in ENIR, March 24, 1976; Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), p. 276-277. a doctrine, Reagan thundered “To Restore America,” March 31, 1976.

656 “the Winston-Salem Journal” William Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 113.

656 But a campaign AP, April 2, 1976. A historian later Nicholas Thompson, “Did Kissinger Really Plan ‘An Accident’ for Bud Zumwalt?”, Wired.com, September 14, 2009.

657 Readers that month NYT Book Review, March 13, 1976; Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 100. on April 17 AP, April 18, 1976. African clawed frogs AP, May 15, 1976. the killer bees UPI, June 11, 1976.

657 One entrant Robert Ringer, Winning Through Intimidation (New York: Funk & Wangalls,1973).

657 The most melodramatic SNLtranscripts. jt.org, May 8, 1976. “Don’t ever write” Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, The Final Days (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1976), p. 188. The book was released on May 3, 1976.

658 The book was Alicia C. Shepard, Woodward and Bernstein: Life in the Shadow of Watergate (New York: Wiley, 2007), p. 144. “fictionalized journalism”: J.F. terrorist column, April 14, 1976.

658 All the President’s Men Shepard, Woodward and Bernstein, p. 150.

659 The picture made “Cinema: Watergate on Film”, Time, March 29. 1976;see cover.

659 Book after book Jimmy Breslin, How the Good Guys Finally Won: Notes from an Impeachment Summer (New York: Ballantine Books, 1976), new in paperback, which first appeared in hardcover in April of 1975; Jeb Magruder, An American Life: One Man’s Road to Watergate (New York: Atheneum, 1974); Charles Colson, Born Again (Old Tappan, NJ: Chosen Books, 1976); Margaret Dean, Mo: A Woman’s View of Watergate (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1976); Theodore White, Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon (New York: Scribner, 1975). See Alexander Cockburn’s roundup of Watergate books,Village Voice, April 12, 1976. Texas Monthly began “Heroes for Post-Watergate America,” Texas Monthly, November, 1975. Panasonic ran full-page See here. A satirical faux Letter to author from producer Alan Abel; UPI, October 9, 1975; “Abel Was Always Willing,” New York Sun, October 25, 2007.

660 On March 21 “Ford’s Headquarters Is Open to Everyone But Nixon’s Ghost,” NYT, March 21, 1976, p. 138. The previous week Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 171; UPI, March 14, 1976, which damagingly misreported Callaway as “quitting.” On April 6 Drew, American Journal, p. 140. Three days later Ibid., p. 159; “Remarks at the Alamo in San Antonio,” April 9, 1976, UCSB. accepted a snackSt. Petersburg Times, May 4, 1976.

660 The Supreme Court’s Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 109. On April 22 AP, April 23, 1976. Udall told reporters UPI, April 16, 1976.

661 Scoop Jackson had Drew, American Journal, pp. 132, 164. Humphrey, Jackson, Udall AP, April 2, 1976. like the guy See commercial here.

661 Jimmy Carter on the issue Schramm, Running for Presdient, p. 142.

661 first serious gaffe Ibid., p. 143; Drew, American Journal, pp. 155, 417; “Carter Apologizes for ‘Ethnic Purity’ Remark,” WP, April 9, 1976; UPI, April 9, 1976.

662 Carter had a favorite See for instance Jimmy Carter, Why Not the Best? (Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1976), p. 33.

662 Seventeen members of “Carter Apologizes for ‘Ethnic Purity’ Remark,” WP, April 9, 1976; UPI, April 9, 1976. Scoop Jackson weighed AP, April 14, 1976. Jackson’s campaign ally “Frank Rizzo of Philadelphia Dies at 70; A ‘Hero’ and ‘Villain,” NYT, July 17, 1991; “The Nation: Thoughts of Chairman Rizzo,” Time, October 24, 1977. Lester Maddox, who UPI, April 11, 1976.

663 As Udall complained William F. Buckley column, April 7, 1976. “an ethnic heritage” “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session with Members of the American Society of Newspaper Editors,” April 13, 1976, UCSB; AP, April 14, 1976. “I am happy to”: Ibid.

663 “STOP-CARTER ALLIANCE”: Drew, American Journal, p. 159. called on TV Ibid., p. 165.

664 Two days later Ibid., p. 170. on April 11 Daily Journal, April 13, 1976, p. 22. But on April 29 UPI, April 30. 1976; Drew, American Journal, p. 170.

664 Ford was in Houston “The President’s News Conference,” April 29, 1976, UCSB.

665 But he had actually Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 109. Then, when NBC Ibid., p. 184.

665 “sovereign U.S. territory” Drew, American Journal, p. 58.

665 He would say it AP, April 7, 1976; J.F. terHorst column, April 27, 1976.

666 “I think something” Greg Anrig, “Who Strangled the FDA,” The American Prosepct, December 12, 2007; Philip J. Helts, Protecting America’s Health: The FDA, Business, and 100 Years of Regulation (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 204), pp. xv-xvi. He quoted Teddy Kennedy RRRH, 75-13, track 3, “Socialized Medicine I,” in Kiron K. Skinner, Martin Anderson, and Annelise Anderson, eds., Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan that Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America (New York: Free Press, 20001), p. 364-368.

666 “The American people” See Ibid., p. 9.

666 “We should end” J.F. terHorst column, April 27, 1976. “we will never” “The President’s News Conference,” April 10. 1976, UCSB. But the testimony Drew, American Journal, p. 173. “thirty to fifty years” UPI, April 16, 1976.

667 Late in March Clayton Fitchey column, March 18, 1976. Kissinger said America AP, March 23, 1976. The president was forced “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session with Members of the American Society of Newspaper Editors,” April 13, 1976, UCSB.

667 On April 17 SNLtranscripts. jt.org, April 17, 1976. At one point Nessen Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 189. On April 20 Marianne Means column, April 20, 1976. Gillespie “Sonny” Montgomery H. Bruce Franklin, MIA; or Mythmaking in America (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1993), p. 15. Reagan remained adamant AP, April 21, 1976.

668 The next day’s ENIR, April 22, 1976.

668 $778,000 from a Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 180. $110,000 in “independent”: Alan Crawford, Thunder on the Right (New York: Pantheon, 1981), p. 58; Tom Wicker column, May 9, 1976. $24,000 from a former Ibid. Ford intensified hisFranklin, MIA, p. 125; “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session in Indianapolis at the Statewide Convention of the Indiana Broadcasters Association,” April 23, 1976, UCSB. His press secretary “7 Candidates Ask Freeing of Funds,” WP, April 23, 1976, p. A12. As Pat Buchanan wrote Tanya Melich, The Republican War Again Women: An Insider’s Report from behind the Lines (New York: Bantam, 1996), p 54.

669 from San Diego UPI, April 29, 1976. See also UPI, June 18, 1976. small town of Grangeville AP, April 23, 1976.

669 Time featured “The Porno Plague,” April 5, 1976. And in Boston Louis P. Masur, The Soiling of Old Glory: The Story of a Photograph that Shocked America (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2008).

669 “incite and encourage” See April 7, 1976 Landsmark press conference at Bostonlocaltv.org. “retaliation” for “black crime” John Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in the 1970s (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), p. 150. Two Saturdays later AP, April 24, 1976.

670 “RICK MONDAY…YOU” Milton Richman column, UPI, May 5, 1976; UPI, May 5, 1976; “When Two Fans Try to Burn the Flag, the Cubs’ Rick Monday Assists in a Save of Old Glory,” People, May 10, 1976; UPI, August 8, 1976. See video here.

671 The president landed “Ford Is Not So Quick To Brag Any More,” Washington Star, May 1, 1976; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 197. A political cartoon Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011), p. 93.

671 “Time is running out” AP, April 25, 1976. On April 28 UPI, April 28, 1976.

672 The next day Drew, American Journal, p. 169. “Rhodesia, primarily, and” UPI, April 27, 1976.

672 “We seem to be” “Reagan Attacks Kissinger for His Stand on Rhodesia,” NYT, May 1, 1976, p. 10.

672 “He had already” UPI, April 30, 1976.

673 Ford gave Kissinger UPI, May 1, 1976.

673 At a speech in Dallas Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 195; “Remarks at a Rally in Dallas,” April 29. 1976, UCSB. “When it comes” “Remarks at a Question-and-Answer Session at a Forum in Houston,” April 28, 1976, UCSB; “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session at Tyler Junior College, Tyler, Texas,” April 28. 1976, UCSB. Reagan, asked by Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 195. spending four times ENIR, May 7, 1976. “voters would inundateShirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 197.

674 The next night Drew, American Journal, p. 171.

674 An unsigned Ford “An Explanation of the Reagan Victories in Texas and the Caucus States,” nd, GFLM (pdf), cited also in Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 198.

675 William Safire published Safire column, May 4, 1976.

676 Speaking to ten thousand “Remarks at President Ford Committee and Friends for Ford Reception in Fort Wayne,” May 2, 1976. See also “Remarks at a President Ford Committee Volunteers Reception in Birmingham,” May 3, 1976, UCSB; “The President’s News Conference,” May 3, 1976, UCSB. He said in a: AP, May 3, 1976.

676 Walter Mears wrote: AP, May 5, 1976. Evans and Novak wrote: ENIR, May 7, 1976.

676 Barry Goldwter wrote: Goldwater to Ford, May 7, 1976, GFLM (pdf).

677 This was Reagan’s: Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 201.

677 He showed up: Time, May 17, 1976. included an interview: “Nation: I’ve Had Had a Bum Rap,” Time, May 17, 1976.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-EIGHT: THEY YEARNED TO BELIEVE

 

678 The Church Committee’sIntelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans: Book II: Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1976). “obscured in vague” Janet Karsten Larson, “The Intelligence ‘Flap’: Lies My Uncle Told Me,” Christian Century, June 2, 1976.

678 The New York Times “Domestic Intelligence,” NYT, May 2, 1976.“Never once did” The only paper on Google’s newspaper’s archive to quote is the Montreal Gazette.

679 “To those who” Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977), p. 154. But when he Bill Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me (Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press, 1995), p. 163.

679 made the covers SeeTime, May 10, 1976 and Newsweek, May 10, 1976. Old Man Daley Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 174.

679 Then, a bombshell Mary McGrory column, May 9, 1976; Schramm, Running for President, p. 151; Holmes Alexander column, June 16, 1976. Carter, wounded, responded Jules Witcover column, May 3, 1976.

680 Came the results Drew, American Journal, pp. 175, 211; Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me, p. 163.

680 Carter traveled once Ibid., p. 177. “His health insurance” Ibid., p. 166.

680 Carter responded to:Ibid., p. 175. “While I was” UPI, May 4, 1976. “The complete politician: Drew, American Journal, p. 177.

681 Jerry Brown started Ibid., p. 175. Mo’s cartoon ads Drew, American Journal, p. 224.

681 From time to time “Michigan ‘Primary Jumper’ Explains Why He Is Planning to Vote for Reagan,” NYT, May 18, 1976, p. 18; Jefferson Cowie, Stayin’ Alive; The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class (New York: New Press, 2010), p. 14. Reagan also benefitted Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 207.

681 Reported the Times “The Long March: G.O.P.,” NYT, May 13, 1976, p. 33. One former congressman Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 215. The former congressman was Charles Sandman of New Jersey.

682 The newspapers of record “Indiana’s Verdict,” May 6, 1976, p. 36. Times now reported “Reagan Gets 46 Delegates in Five States,” NYT, May 17, 1976, p. 21. London bookies now Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 210. Commentators started Drew, American Journal, pp. 177, 217.

682 The two candidates split Drew, American Journal, p. 176. “I know Ronald Reagan’s” Milwaukee Journal, May 10, 1976; Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 421. “I didn’t realize” Sally Quinn column, WP, May 22, 1976.

683 Ford waited several Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 181. That led to “Data on Reagan Indicate He Paid No U.S. Tax in ’70,” NYT, May 16, 1976, p. 1. The campaign responded UPI, May 18, 1976. Milliken promptly said Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 214.

683 his Reaganesque feints Drew, American Journal, p. 177; AP, May 21, 1976.

683 seized upon by Carter AP, May 18, 1976.

683 Energized stop-Carter forces Drew, American Journal, p. 178. “There are some” Ibid.

684 “It doesn’t turn” UPI, August 23, 1975.

684 “That’s not part” Drew, American Journal, p. 240.

684 “My attitude is” Ibid., p. 202.

684 “I don’t have” Ibid.

684 “It’s a commitment” Ibid.

684 “Just to stay: Ibid.

684 Pat Brown, who Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 72.

684 He cut spending Drew, American Journal, p. 194; Jesse Walker, “Five Faces of Jerry Brown,” Reason, November 1, 2009. “He was Pat Brown’s” Schramm, Running for President, p. 158. “I am not restrained” Ibid., p. 159.

685 only 7 percent Ibid.

685 “Spaceship Earth” Drew, American Journal, p. 197. appointing POW Edison Miller “Edison Miller: From Marine Pilot to Censured POW to Supervisor,” LAT, August 6, 1979, p. C1. Elaine Brown, a Black Panther Jesse Walker, “Five Faces of Jerry Brown.”

685 “What is the inner” Schramm, Running for President, p. 161. His TV commercials Drew, American Journal, p. 197.

686 Shaking hands while Waller, “Five Faces of Jerry Brown.”

686 In Oregon, Elizabeth Drew Drew, American Journal, p. 202. “pain in the ass” Walker, “Five Faces of Jerry Brown.” She recorded him Drew, American Journal, p. 200. Not Carter. He’d Ibid., p. 193.

687 Drew reflected, “It” Ibid., p. 206. Doonsebury soon depicted See May 28, 1976. “I believe I” May 26, 1976.

687 his name wasn’t:Drew, American Journal, p. 203.

687 The student body responded “Morality Outmoded?”, The Dawn magazine, July, 1976. “An alarming amount” “Nuclear Fuel Disappearing, News-Dispatch, April 27, 1976. A conference at: Morality Outmoded?”.

689 The Bicentennial Wagon Train Drew, American Journal, p. 228. Gulf and Shell David Frum, How We Got Here: The 70s: The Decade That Brought You Modern Life—For Better or Worse (New York: Basic Books, 2000), p. 32. All told, some Monica Schneider, “The American Bicentennial: Celebration, Cerebration and the Suppression of Complex Discourse,” honors thesis, Oberlin University, 2003; Christopher Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country’: Celebrating the Bicentennial in an Age of Limits,” in David Farber and Beth Bailey, eds, America in the Seventies (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), p. 44.

689 Bicentennial garbage cans The author owned one as a child. “commemorative LP”Christianity Today, December 19, 1975. phony Bicentennial parchmentsChristianity Today, November 7, 1975. Bicentennial medallions “Letters to the Editor,” NYT, July 4, 1973, p. 14. Bicentennial whoopee cushions Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country.’” toilet seats Ibid. a Bicentennial casket Billy Adler and John Margolies, “Buycentennial Sellabration,” New York, July 5, 1976. chain of discos Milwaukee Journal, February 15, 1979; personal communication to author from Detroit Frank. car dealership in San Jose Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.”

689 A May 18 “Two Slain Guarding Church,” LAT, May 18, 1976, p. A1. “CLOSED SESSION ROMANCE” WP, May 23, 1976, p. 1. Betty Ford, candid Rev. Lester Kinsolving, “Carter, Ford on D.C. Sex,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 10, 1976.

690 One unfortunate victim AP, June 16, 1976. Wrote Tom Wicker Wicker column, June 23, 1976. In 1970, there Frum, How We Got Here, p. 28.

690 The Church Committee Janet Karsten Larson, “The Intelligence ‘Flap’: Lies My Uncle Told Me,” Christian Century, June 2, 1976. “I hope here” Drew, American Journal, p. 211.

691 “Holding for Hubert” Schramm, Running for President, p. 161.

691 On May 21 Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 224. He said, “I” AP, May 22, 1976.

691 “That the race” Drew, American Journal, p. 234.

691 Winning these kinds See Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the American Consensus (New York: Scribner, 2008), pp. 176-178, 217-221.

691 Ironically, White himself David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who? William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012), p. 319. On May 8 Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 204. The next Saturday Ibid. A counting trip Ibid. “There is a developing” “Unpledged Votes Could Determine G.O.P. Candidate,” NYT, May 9, 1976, p. 1.

692 Another worrisome trend Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 223. “A vote for Ford” “‘Grass-Roots’ Drive in Jersey Backs Reagan,” NYT, May 22, 1976, p. 12. Rockefeller, for his part Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 211.

692 Reagan’s forces grew Ibid., p. 226, 229. “Some observers,” the NYT, May 9. 1976.

693 “The small-town, rural” Drew, American Journal, p. 143.

693 In San Francisco AP, May 22, 1976. “I will pick” Drew, American Journal, p. 94. He said both Ibid., p. 249.

693 Carter spoke to Jimmy Carter, A Government As Good As Its People (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1977), p. 83. The next day Ibid., p. 85.

694 He spoke to Patrick Anderson, Electing Jimmy Carter: The Campaign of 1976 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1994), p. 24; Schramm, Running for President, p. 181. A cover article “Jimmy Carter and the Great Leap of Faith,” Rolling Stone, June 3, 1976, reprinted in Hunter S. Thompson, The Great Shark Hunt: Strange Tales from a Strange Time: Gonzo Papers, Volume 1 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003),, p. 452. See cover here.

694 “I see an America” Carter, A Government As Good As Its People, pp. 87-92; Anderson, Electing Jimmy Carter, pp. 31-33.

695 On June 4 Drew, American Journal, p. 224.

695 The next day Ibid. Frank Church was Ibid., p 230. Mayor Daley said Ibid., p. 253. “I think a lot” Ibid., p. 247. For its June 8 See Wikipedia.com, “Jimmy Carter UFO Incident.”

696 Elizabeth Drew visited Drew, American Journal, pp. 237-238.

697 May 31, the “Reagan Confident: Sure of Calif., He Turns to Ohio,” WP, May 31, 1976, p. A1; “Correction,” WP, June 1, 1976, p. A2.

697 President Ford had “Ford Ads on TV Get a New Sales Pitch,” NYT, June 3, 1976, p. 30.

698 “If you’ve been” UPI, June 4, 1976; UPI, June 6, 1976; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, pp. 235-236. The ad is transcribed here, from an NBC broadcast available for download for a fee.

698 “The words poured” “Ford, in Ad Shift, Describes Reagan as Peace Threat,” NYT, June 6, 1976, p. 1. On Face the Nation Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 237. “Leadership today, I” Ibid. “Betty Ford feels” Helen Thomas, UPI, June 8, 1976. Reagan said he Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 237. John Wayne introduced Ibid., p. 166.

699 Next, as if on cue AP, June 7, 1976.

699 Stu Spencer speculated Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 237.

699 In Middletown, where Ibid.

699 On election night Michael Reagan, Michael Reagan: On the Outside Looking In (New York, Zebra, 1988), p. 151.

700 Jerry Brown said Drew, American Journal, p. 254. Carter had 1,514 Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 244.

700 George McGovern called Holmes Alexander column, June 19, 1976. George Wallace said Drew, American Journal, p. 254. The nominee-apparent announced Ibid., p. 279; see speech to the Foreign Policy Association in New York City, “A Community of the Free,” June 23, 1976, in Carter, A Government As Good As Its People, p. 115.

700 On June 1Ottowa Citizen, June 2, 1976; AP, June 2, 1976; AP, June 2, 1976 on protests; Gorenfeld, Bad Moon Rising: How Reverend Moon Created the Washington Times, Seduced the Religious Right, and Built an American Kingdom (Sausalito: PoliPointPress, 2008), p. 24; Christianity Today, June 4, 1976 (on purchase of New Yorker Hotel); Christianity Today, October 8, 1976. For transcript of Moon’s remarks see Unification.net.

701 In Boston that UPI, June 2, 1976; AP, June 3, 1976.

701 Boston had lost Christopher Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country’: Celebrating the Bicentennial in an Age of Limits,” in David Farber and Beth Bailey, eds, America in the Seventies (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), p. 44. whose mayor, Frank Rizzo Ibid.

701 A Washington, D.C. police AP, June 19, 1976. See alsoThreats to the Peaceful Observance of the Bicentennial: Hearing before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, Second Session, June 18, 1976 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1976). See also AP, June 19, 1976.

702 At West Point AP, May 27, 1976. See also June 22, 1976 American Information Radio, courtesy of Gordon Skene. In Phoenix, on June 2 SeeMichigan Daily editorial, June 16, 1976 on death of Don Bolles. In Miami, on June 4 UPI, June 5, 1976; Billy Corben, “Griselda Blanco: So Long and Thanks for All the Cocaine,” Vice, September 4, 2012. The United Nations Drew, American Journal, p. 258.

702 America’s incoming ambassador see “The Honored Dead: Other Ambassadors and Diplomats Killed in the Line of Duty,” International Business Times, September 12, 2012.

702 Six fully rigged AP, June 21, 1976. Harry Reasoner gave ABC News, May 25, 1976, VNA.

702 Ford and Reagan both Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), p. 279; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 245.

703 “[t]he New York kingmakers” Phyllis Schafly, A Choice, Not an Echo (Alton, Ill.: Pere Marquette Press, 1964), pp. 112, 115.

703 a “humiliating rebuff” ENIR, June 19, 1976. The Washington Post published David Broder, “Republican Race Grows Tighter Still,” WP, June 21, 1976, p. 1. “Our Next President” “Nation: How Reagan Plays G.O.P. Hardball,” Time, June 28, 1976; see cover.

704 And in a letter Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, June 14, 1976, LWL.

704 The next weekend Drew, American Journal, p. 259.

704 David Broder talked Republican Race Grows Tighter Still,” WP, June 21, 1976, p. 1.

704 Time was impressed “Nation: How Reagan Plays G.O.P. Hardball,” Time, June 28, 1976. Her husband was “The Presidency by Hugh Sidey: ‘This Is the Toughest,” Time, June 28, 1976. Elizabeth Drew found Drew, American Journal, p. 234. Reagan’s speeches at Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 249.

705 On June 22 June 22, 1976 American Information Radio. On June 24 “Panel Says CIA, FBI Covered Up JFK Killing Data,” WP June 24, 1976, pp. A1; “Teamster Provenzano Indicted in 1961 Murder,” WP, p. A1; “Baby Died After ‘Exorcism,’” WP, June 24, 1976, p. A1; U.S. Vetoes Angolan Entry in U.N.,” WP, June 24, 1976, p. A1.

705 That same dayChristianity Today, July 16, 1976.

705 They had recently runChristianity Today, July 2, 1976.

706 On the weekend Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 251. But as a Ford “Reagan Scores Heavily in West,” WP, June 27, 1976, p. 1.

706 On June 27 Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 60. A twenty-seven-year-old Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.”

706 Reagan’s advisers announced Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 8. “There will be an effort” Drew, American Journal, p. 279. On July 1 Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 256. James Reston approved Reston column, June 16, 1976. “Only the lead horse” Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter: A Memoir (New York: Little, Brown, 1989), p. 231.

707 On the front page Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 257.

707 Then, on July 4 Nancy Reagan, My Turn: The Memoirs of Nancy Reagan (New York: Random House, 1989).

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-NINE: BICENTENNIAL

 

708 If you awokeDoonesbury, July 4, 1976.

708 The previous evening Christopher Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country’: Celebrating the Bicentennial in an Age of Limits,” in David Farber and Beth Bailey, eds, America in the Seventies (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), p. 44.

708 “It ought to be”St. Petersburg Times, July 3, 1976. Mars Hills MountainBangor Daily News, July 5, 1976.

709 The President began “Remarks at Dedication Ceremonies for the National Air and Space Museum,” July 4, 1976, UCSB. He led a ceremony “Remarks at a Bicentennial Ceremony at the National Archives,” July 2, 1976, UCSB. He went by helicopter Monica Schneider, “The American Bicentennial: Celebration, Cerebration and the Suppression of Complex Discourse,” honors thesis, Oberlin University, 2003. There, he signed “Remarks Upon Signing Legislation Establishing the Valley Forge National Historic Park,” July 4, 1976, UCSB. “Our Bicentennial is” “Remarks in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania,” July 4, 1976, UCSB.

709 He was next ferried Schneider, “The American Bicentennial”; Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 283. Then he gave “Remarks in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,” July 4, 1976, UCSB. A 49,000 pound cake Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.” Though an even Ibid.

709 “A Super Bowl” Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.” A goofball arrived Drew, American Journal, p. 281. In Hawaii the AP, July 4, 1976. A woman in Peoria Capozolla, “It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country.”

710 An estimated ten thousand Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.” In Lake City AP, March 1, 1976.

710 “We don’t know” St. Petersburg Times, July 3, 1976. 224 Tall Ships Capozolla, “It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country.” “Pageant of Freedom” author interview. though Los Angeles’s parade St. Petersburg Times, July 3, 1976.

damnedest fireworks display” Kansas City Star, April 15, 1976, p. 11. 900,000 happy revelers Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.”

711 He bade his countrymen “Message on the Observance of Independence Day,” UCSB. “Well, Jerry,” he Gerald Ford, A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford (New York: W.H. Allen, 1979).

711 half as many Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in the Country.” D.C. fireworks show Author interview with Chris Calhoun. Reverend Sun Myung Moon John Gorenfeld, Bad Moon Rising: How Reverend Moon Created the Washington Times, Seduced the Religious Right, and Built an American Kingdom (Sausalito: PoliPointPress, 2008), p. 25. barkentine from Chile “Despite Serious Ills, City Keeps Chin Up,” NYT, July 5, 1976, p. 13. many of Philadelphia’s Mummers Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 265.

711 like the broad See video at 1:20. $400 million spent Schneider, “The Ameircan Bicentennial.”

712 John Silber, who Jane M Hatch, The American Book of Days (New York: H.W. Wilson, 1978), p. 626.

712 Jesse Jackson calling Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in America.’” Native American group Ibid.

712 “the children understood” Drew, American Journal, p. 283.

712 George Gallup wrote UPI, October 31, 1975. Indeed when Oberlin Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.”

713 Only about five thousand Ibid.; AP, July 6, 1976.

713 The National Safety Council UPI, July 7, 1976.

713 “[T]he best part” “Bicentennial: Oh, What a Lovely Party,” Time, July 19, 1976. “It’s nice that” “Birthday,” Newsweek, July 4, 1976. “After two centuries” “Remarks at Naturalization Ceremonies at Monticello, Virginia,” July 5, 1976, UCSB.

713 riders of a subway Schneider, “The American Bicentennial.” “spontaneously and jubilantly” Drew, American Journal, p. 283. National Archives steps Ibid.

713 An AP special correspondent AP, July 6, 1976. Elizabeth Drew: Drew, American Journal, p. 281.

715 A Toledo resident Ibid.

715 The Birmingham News Capozzola, “‘It Makes You Want to Believe in America.’”

715 “Operation Thunderbolt” “This Week in History: Operation Thunderbolt,” Jerusalem Post, June 24, 2012.

715 some half-dozen Hollywood Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 60. “This is what Americans” Ibid. See also “The President’s News Conference,” July 9, 1976, UCSB.

715 “left its customary” Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 358.

715 Platform drafters finished Drew, American Journal, p. 257. Feminist forces led Witcover, Marathon, p. 358. Forces led by Jerry Brown’s Ibid., p. 357.

715 “The idea that the Democrats” Ibid. “It can’t get too dull” Drew, American Journal, p. 290.

715 Sea Island, Georgia UPI, October 5, 1976. “have the force” Presidential Aesthetics,” Village Voice, January 19, 1976.

716 The editors of Edward M. Brecher, ed., Licit and Illicit Drugs: The Consuemrs Union Report on Narcotics, Stimulants, Depressants, Inhalants, Hallucinogens, and Marijuana—Including Caffeine, Nicotine, and Alcohol (New York: Little, Brown, 1973). In 1975, a new See undergroundcollectibles.com. High Times See Wikipedia.com, “High Times.” One Chevy Chase gag SNLtranscripts. jt.org, tk.

717 President Ford was asked “Remarks at a Question-and-Answer Session at the University of New Hampshire in Durham,” February 8, 1976, UCSB. “not, strictly speaking” “Cocaine: The Big New Easy-Entry Business,” New York, November 5, 1973. Eric Clapton and Jackson Browne Philip Jenkins, Decade of Nightmares: The End of the Sixties and the Making of Eighties America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), p. 35.

717 Wiliam Carter Spann AP, August 11, 1976.

717 front of the Americana Drew, American Journal, p. 287.

717 Mo Udall, affirming Ibid., p. 290. Jerry Brown, the Ibid. white picket fence Ibid., p. 293.

718 The first keynote UPI, July 13, 1976. The second keynoter See video here (part 1) and here (part 2).

719 “Eight years ago” Witcover, Marathon, p. 366. “The patriots of 1776” Ibid.

719 Mo Udall, who said Drew, American Journal, p. 303.

719 A televised image See photo insert, Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977).

719 “I miss Jimmy”Witcover, Marathon, p. 367. “I don’t think”: Ibid.

720 The Associated Press AP, July 16, 1976. Not even the printing Drew, American Journal, p. 312.

720 The selection process Ibid., p. 296. A June 2 Witcover, Marathon, p. 361.

721 “Jordan listed the” Drew, American Journal, p. 297.

721 Carter began calling Witcover, Marathon, p. 364. Church himself, who Ibid.; Drew, American Journal, p. 287; Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 191.

721 But Carter hit Witcover, Marathon, p. 364; Walter Mondale, The Good Fight: A Life in Liberal Politics (New York: Scribner, 2010), p. 161.

722 Carter said of Brown Drew, American Journal, p. 311.

722 A giant red-white-and-blue Ibid., p. 312. The banners flanking Witcover, Marathon, p. 368. Mondale made his:Ibid.; hear speech here.

722 The lights went Witcover, Marathon, p. 368.

722 “My name is Jimmy Carter“‘Our Naiton’s Past and Future’: Adress Accepting the Presidential Nomination at the Democratic National Convention in New York City,” July 15, 1976, UCSB, with audio.

724 “with all the subtlety” Witcover, Marathon, p. 369.

724 The hall had begun Ibid., p. 370; Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 5.

725 Another professional curmudgeon Mike Royko, Sez Who? Sez Me (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982), p. 122.

725 They wanted Carter Drew, American Journal, p. 334.

 

 

CHAPTER THIRTY: YOU’RE IN THE CATBIRD SEAT

 

726 “Republican professionals” “How Tight Can It Get,” Newsweek, July 12, 1976, quoted in Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 241.

726 a political cartoon Jeff McNelly reprinted in Time, July 6, 1976. One obscure Republican Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 439. And when the queen Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 319. See video of state dinner here.

726 A crew of uncommitteds Witcover, Marathon, p. 439.

727 “upset about federal” Drew, American Journal, p. 336.

727 Ford-leaner named James Stein Witcover, Marathon, p. 441

727 On July : Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 257.

727 The New York Times said Drew, American Journal, p. 289. On Friday Ford Ibid. The president gave a AP, July 9, 1976; “The President’s News Conference,” July 9, 1976, UCSB. On July 10 ENIR, July 10. 1976. Then that night Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 259.

728 The Washington Post Ibid., p. 251.

728 At the tiny town’s Witcover, Marathon, p. 365.

728 A boom sounded AP, August 7, 1976; Justin Martin, Nader: Crusader, Spoiler, Icon (New York: Pesreus Books, 2002), p. 180.

729 Billy—“Cast Iron” Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977), p. 135.

729 He told Mike Royko Royko column, July 18, 1976.

729 The hard-stompin’ boogie Wikipedia.com, “Worldwide Texas Tour.”
729 “that Japanese toy” Hear Cledus Maggard and the Citizen’s Band, “The White Knight” (1976) here.

729 country song “Convoy” “United Artists Plan Film Around ‘Convoy,’” Toledo Blade, May 23, 1976. Time magazine ran “Modern Living: The Bodacious New World of C.B.,” Time, May 10. 1976.

730 Mondale later remembered Walter Mondale, The Good Fight: A Life in Liberal Politics (New York: Scribner, 2010) p. 162. Taming the Giant Corporation: Martin, Nader.

730 “Who’s this fella” Ken Auletta, “The Waiting-for-Jimmy Blues,” New York, July 12, 1976, p. 7. “Had I been president”: AP, July 21, 1976.

730 On July 22 Drew, American Journal, p. 331. he called “a disgrace” Drew, American Journal, p. 85.

731 The Washington Post Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 263.

730 But Time had it “Republicans: They’re So Close,” Time, July 19, 1976. Senator Laxalt railed “Reagan Camp Claims Enough Delegates to Win,” WP, July 20. 1976, p. A1. “We’re getting very” “The President’s News Conference,” July 19, 1976, UCSB. Reagan forces then Drew, American Journal, p. 330.

732 For thirty-six years Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Hill & Wang, 2001), p. 46. “hunting where the” Ibid., p. 190. Mississippi’s Republican platform The Ripon Society, The Ripon Papers, 1963-1968 (Washington: National Press, 1968), p. 41.

733 “become productive citizens” Joseph Crespino, In Search of Another Country: Mississippi and the Conservative Revolution (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007), p. 218-219. N.A.A.C.P. stands for Jason Berry, Amazing Grace: With Charles Evers in Mississippi (New York: Saturday Revewi Press, 1978), p. 42. “The race issue” Jason Morgan Ward, Defending White Democracy: The Making of a Segregationist Movement and the Remaking of Racial Politics, 1936-1965 (Charlotte: The University of North Carolina Press, 2011), p. 181.

733 There were 17Tax-Exempt Status of Private Schools: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Oversight of the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1979), p. 164. This paragraph draws on the conclusions of historians including Kevin Kruse, Matt Lassiter, and Joseph Crespino on the development of “color-blind conservatism” in the South.

734 The state party Witcover, Marathon, p. 443.

734 “Don’t worry about Clarke” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 283. “Man, this cat” Ibid., p. 284.

735 The Ford team played Drew, American Journal, p. 321. The conservative in charge Witcover, Marathon, p. 451. “You can’t trust” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 286.

735 It came to a head Witcover, Marathon, p. 454. A delegate from Oakville “Republicans: Ford Is Close, but Watch Those Trojan Horses,” Time, August 2, 1976. A Rochester, New York Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, 265. A New York delegate David Broder, “Working the Delegates, White House Style,” WP, July 23, 1976, p. 4. Ford won over “Vengeance Is Mine, Said the Delegate,” WP, June 17, 1976, p. A1; “Chats Win Va. Votes for Ford,” WP, July 21, 1976, p. 1; “Dial D for Delegate—But Reagan Delayed,” WP, July 23, 1976, p. 3. Another uncommitted delegate Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 271.

735 Dent was a Rick Perlstein, “Harry Dent, b. 1930: The Southern Strategist,” NYTM, December 30, 2007, p. E30.

735 “Now my good friend” Witcover, Marathon, p. 453.

736 Elizabeth Drew was Drew, American Journal, p. 320.

737 “I don’t believe” Ibid., p. 332.

737 But when Robert Novak Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), p. 281.

737 Sears explained the Witcover, Marathon, p. 457.

738 called the CIA Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 51.

738 Schweiker was also AP, May 14, 1976. In February he had Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 122.

738 Reagan had sent Witcover, Marathon, p. 456.

738 Sears called the senator Ibid.

739 On the twenty-third Ibid., p. 460. “As long as”: Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 274.

739 “I have a strong” Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 430.

740 Jesse Helms got ENIR, July 31, 1976. David Keene called Witcover, Marathon, p. 456.

740 “Since I now” Ibid.

740 Schweker, who was listed Drew, American Journal, p. 336. “You won’t believe” UPI, August 3, 1976. He announced that Witcover, Marathon, p. 463.

741 Howard Phillips of Ibid.

741 Congressman John Ashbrook Drew, American Journal, p. 332; Dominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 195.

741 Steve Symms of Idaho ENIR, July 31, 1976.

741 Clarke Reed told Drew, American Journal, p. 334.

741 Governor Meldrim Thomson UPI, August 4, 1976. George Will called George Will column, August 1, 1976. The New Yorker Drew, American Journal, p. 332. CBS News ran Ibid.

741 Harry Dent learned Witcover, Marathon, p. 463.

742 The next day “Reamarks and a Quesiton-and-Answer Session With Reporters on John Connally’s Endorsement of the President for the Republican Presidential Nomination,” July 27, 1976, UCSB. finding “not a scintilla” Drew, American Journal, p. 345. Utah’s twenty Reagan NYT, July 29, 1976. But the man Ibid.

742 Ford made ready Ibid. Two days later AP, July 31, 1976.

742 Schweiker claimed he NYT, July 29, 1976. Elizabeth Drew took Drew, American Journal, p. 342.

742 The AP’s tally AP, July 29, 1976. “Anyone who tells” Ben Knight, “Knight’s Desk,” Florence Times/Tri-City Daily, August 2, 1976.

743 a wildcat strike “Union Aid Sees Lengthly Coal Strike,” WP, August 5, 1965, p. A2. More than $100 million Richard Stout column, July 31, 1976.

743 Secret Service agents “Motive of White House Intruder Eludes Police,” NYT, July 27, 1976. See also Rick Perlstein, “Culture of Fear: Miriam Carey’s Tragedy, and Our Own,” TheNation.com, October 4, 2013.

743 The Associated Press wire AP, July 31, 1976. Two young women See Wikipedia.com, “David Berkowitz: Donna Lauria and Jody Valenti Shooting.”

744 Twenty-six children “3 Abductors Sought as 26 Children Rejoin Families,” NYT, July 18, 1976, p. 1; “One of 3 Hunted in Abductin of 27 Gives Himself Up,” NYT, July 24, 1976, p. 1. “None of the three”: UPI, December 16, 1977. Ninety-four cadets Sandbrook, Mad As Hell, p. 11. Jimmy Carter raised Drew, American Journal, p. 347; Helen Thomas column, August 12, 1976.

744 Robert Vesco, the UPI, July 27, 1976.

744 H. Guyford SteverPittsburgh Press editorial, July 28, 1976. CIA documents were UPI, August 5, 1976.

745 Members of the American Legion Lawrence K. Altman, “In Philadelphia 30 Years Ago, an Eruption of Illness and Fear,” NYT, August 1, 2006. “swine flu” ABC News, August 4, 1976.

745 Ford landed in Jackson Witcover, Marathon, pp. 467-468. Schweiker went to South Carolina Pittsburgh Post Gazette, July 31, 1976; AP, July 31, 1976.

745 Schweiker told delegates Drew, American Journal, p. 349.

746 Looking uncharacteristically fidgety Tuscaloosa News, August 4, 1976.

746 “a horrendous amount” “Reagan, Schweiker, Find Pa. Delegates Hard to Persuade,” WP, August 7, 1976, p. A2. Reagan now claimed AP, July 31, 1976. Reagan now claimed: AP, July 31, 1976.

 

 

CHAPTER THIRTY-ONE: DON’T LET SATAN HAVE HIS WAY – STOP THE ERA!

 

747 At the beginning Today Show, February 22, 1973, VNA.

747 The low ebb ENIR, June 7, 1974.

748 “It’s time for” RRRH, 75-10, track 11, “Congress vs. Local Government,” recorded May, 1975.

748 A weary Ford Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 219.

748 When a political scientist Robert T. Nakamura, “Impressions of Ford and Reagan,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 92, No. 4 (Winter, 1977-1978), pp. 647-654.

750 A South Carolina “They Agonize, They Consult, They Enjoy the Attention: Uncommitted Delegates,” NYT, July 25, 1976, p. 112. “He told me” UPI, July 21, 1976. “At the moment” “Battle to Control GOP Convention,” NYT, July 5, 1976, p. 12. And as July Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 301.

751 “Trojan horse” delegates “Battle to Control GOP Convention,” NYT, July 5, 1976, p. 12. Paul Laxalt hinted Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 300.

751 “Nobody’s going to” “Republicans: A Gamble Gone Wrong,” Time, August 9, 1976, quoted in Ibid. Trojan horses could Ibid., p. 300.

752 The replacement decided “Reagan, Schweiker Pick Up 6 Delegates in Northeast,” WP, August 6, 1976, p. A2. but Ford forces AP, August 9, 1976.

752 shocking referenda results Jane Mansbridge, Why We Lost the ERA (Chicaog: University of Chicago Press, 1986), pp. tk-tk. Ford had staked NYT, February 4, 1976; Tanya Melich, The Republican War Again Women: An Insider’s Report from behind the Lines (New York: Bantam, 1996), p. 53.

752 “He lacks the” Nakamura, “Impressions of Ford and Reagan.”

753 In one survey Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 476. In 1971 the progressive Geoffrey Kabaservice, Rule and Ruin: The Downfall of Moderation and the Destruction of the Republican Party, From Eisenhower to the Tea Party (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 334-337.

753 Elizabeth Drew noted Drew, American Journal, p. 353.

754 Writers noted the Witcover, Marathon, p. 471.

754 “BETTY’S HUSBAND FOR” Author interview with Howard Park; see button here. “HE’LL BEAT CARTER” Collection of Howard Park seen by author. President Ford looking Drew, American Journal, p. 394. “Shootout at Kansas City” See button here.

754 Reagan forces drew “Reform Platform Appeal,” NYT, August 9, 1976, p. 12; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 304. “The right-wingers always” “Reagan Forces Preparing Early Test of Strength,” WP, August 10, 1976, p. A1.

755 John Sears rose Witcover, Marathon, p. 479. convention’s Rule 16 Official Report of the Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Republican National Convention Held in Kansas city, Missouri, August 16, 17, 18, 19, 1976 (Washington: Republican Party, 1976), p. tk.

756 “Here’s a riddle” Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Hill & Wang, 2001), p. 389. “Sparrow who?” Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 302. “I think most” Witcover, Marathon, p. 479. This was not Ibid.

756 The smiling Sphynx Drew, Marathon, p. 353.

757 Pat Buchanan, with Melich, The Republican War Against Women, p. 54.

757 Jesse Helms articulated William F. Buckley column, August 1, 1976.

758 His planning for Witcover, Marathon, p. 477. They covered the waterfront “GOP Unit Backs Abortion Plank,” WP, August 11, 1976, p. A8.

758 Helms invited fifty Witcover, Marathon, p. 477.

758 They called their Melich, The Republican War on Women, p. 59. “Although a delusion” Charles Bartlett column, August 15, 1976.

759 “incredibly,” one wrote Witcover, Marathon, p. 486. 86 percent of Reagan Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 312. One told a visiting Nakamura, “Impressions of Ford and Reagan.”

759 Sears dispatched six Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 309.

760 “I think it’s” UPI, August 11, 1976. The New York Senator “Buckley Hints He Would Run As ‘Compromise,’” WP, August 12, 1976, p. A1. The Californian was asked UPI, August 11, 1976.

760 An unlikely sound Melich, The Republican War on Women, p. 72.

760 The Republican Women’s Ibid., pp. 26-37. History, feminists were Thomas Borteslmann, The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013), pp. 81-84. In 1967 the “PHOTO: The First Woman to Enter the Boston Marathon,” NPR.org, April 12, 2012. “Feminism has transcended” Women of the Year: Great Changes, New Changes, Tough Choices,” Time, January 5, 1976.

761 only 31.5 percent Melich, The Republican War on Women, p. 67.

761 “each individual state” NYT, February 4, 1976. “got somewhat overblown” “Abortion as a Campaign Issue,” WP, February 11, 1976, p. A12. “I am glad” Times-Post News Service, February 5, 1976. The Boston Globe “Mr. Ford vs. Mrs. Ford,” Boston Globe, February 5, 1976, p. 24.

762 But the setbacks Mansbridge, Why We lost the ERA, p. tk.

762 And so, the following Melich, The Republican War on Women, pp. 67-75.

763 “The more epithets” Ibid., p. 72.

763 Opponents’ signs read “GOP Unit Backs Abortion Plank,” WP, August 11, 1976, p. A8. Another subcommittee approved AP, August 13, 1976.

764 On CBS, Eric Sevareid Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 307.

764 which the Washington Post “GOP Unit Backs Abortion Plank,” WP, August 11, 1976, p. A8. where “Reagan supporters” AP, August 11, 1976.

764 Among the running mates Witcover, Marathon, p. 480. Clarke Reed, chief of AP, August 11, 1976.

765 “Youth for Reagan” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 312. “Americans mud see” Ibid., p. 10.

765 Reed assured them Witcover, Marathon, p. 489.

765 John Sears worked Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 305. A Reagan delegate Stephen Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party,” Texas Monthly, October, 1976, p. 112.

766 A naive Ford aide Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 314.

766 Millicent Fenwick was “Millicent Fenwick, 82, Dies; Gave Character to Congress,” NYT, September 19, 1992.

766 “another hot room” Melich, The Republican War on Women, p. 74. “Glad you’re doing” Ibid., pp. 74-75.

766 “I consider it immensely” “Normally Proper G.O.P. Women Come Out Fighting Over E.R.A.,” NYT, August 17, 1976, p. 40.

766 “We were asking” Witcover, Marathon, p. 484.

768 And so, as Witcover Ibid., p. 485.

768 Richard Schweiker alighted Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 314. Garry Wills noticed Nakamura, “Impressions of Ford and Reagan.” Evans and Novak ENIR, August 10, 1976. He also starred AP, August 15, 1976.

769 He said, “we” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 314.

769 Air Force One Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.

769 lunched with Joseph Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 317.

769 “Two rolls of” Witcover, Marathon., p. 485.

769 “The spectacle of” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 313.

 

 

CHAPTER THIRTY-TWO: THE END?

 

770 The men have: Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 475. They were welcomed Stephen Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party,” Texas Monthly, October, 1976, p. 112.

770 “like getting stuck”Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 298.

770 “Republicans Are People Too” See cover.

771 Downtowns, the hustlers Ibid., p. 114.

771 For nostalgia’s sake John Calvin Bachelor, Aren’t You Glad You Joined the Republicans?: A Short History of the GOP (New York: Henry Holt, 1996), p. 352.

771 the latest was that Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, 309; Witcover, Marathon, 481; UPI, August 11, 1976.

771 Political billboards, mostly Victor Gold, PR As in President (New York: Doubleday, 1977), p. 298. Political street-corner Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party,” p. 116.

772 inflated elephant soaring Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 298. “Ragged Old Flag”: Official Report of the Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Republican National Convention Held in Kansas city, Missouri, August 16, 17, 18, 19, 1976 (Washington: Republican Party, 1976). a kid named Karl Ibid.

772 “I know you will” Ibid..

772 “I want to skin” Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

772 The gallery answered Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter: A Memoir (New York: Little, Brown, 1989), p. 234

773 Every Ford supporter Ibid., p. 233-234; Nancy Reagan, My Turn: The Memoirs of Nancy Reagan (New York: Random House, 1989); “The Wives: Contest of the Queens,” Time, August 30. 1976; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 316.

773 The governor of Illinois UPI, August 18 1976.

774: Old rivals spokeOfficial Report; Harrigan, “Whoever Said It was a Grand Old Party.” The public address Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 324. the word “sellout!” Ibid. His former supportersWashington Post Syndicate, August 18, 1974.

774 Monday morning at the Muelenbach Witcover Marathon, p. 489. “Better watch Clarke” Ibid. Dent gathered his Ibid., p. 492.

775 Mike Wallace shoved Ibid., p. 494.

775 were-toe-to-toe Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 316.

776 Pat Boone, meanwhile Witcover, Marathon, p. 495.

776 “We want Reagan!” Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

776 both sides were tearing “Event Degenerates to Chaos,” Milwaukee Sentinel, August 18, 1976. Two teams of young Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 317.

776 “Reagan Delegates Turn” UPI, August 18, 1976. “John Sears had saved” Mary McGrory column, August 21, 1976.

777 Jack Anderson reported Anderson column, August 17, 1976. A New York Times feature NYT, August 17, 1974.

777 the Today show starred Witcover, Marathon, p. 495. “You can sense” Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

778 “How many other Clarke Reeds”: Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 319.

778 “Your digits are” Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.” Ford’s trial balloon Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 311; Witccover, Marathon, p. 480. Garry Wills, though Garry Wills column, August 16, 1976.

778 “Governor, that means” Witcover, Marathon, p. 496.

779 Coincidentally, CBS News Ibid. The cases of beer Ibid., p. 497; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 320.

779 “Morality in foreign policy” Robert Mann, Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush’s War Cabinet (New York: Viking, 2004), p. 72.

779 “The goal of Republican”: Official Report.

780 “Wasn’t an outright: Wicover, Marathon, p. 486. Thirty conservative leaders UPI, August 18, 1976.

780 “through its absolute domination”Official Report.

781 “Aren’t these convention” Harrigan, Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

781 Robert Dole, atOfficial Report.

781 “uncannily reminiscent of the ululations” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 327.

782 It was timeOfficial Report.

782 Then, moments later Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 321; Victor Gold, PR As in Politics (New York: Doubleday, 1977),.

782 Time called it “The Wives: Contest of the Queens,” Time, August 30. 1976.

783 The dance routine Victor Gold, PR As in Politics.

783 “I thought it was” Charles Bartlett column, August 20. 1976.

784 There was nextOfficial Report, p. tk-tk.

784 The vice president For Rockefeller confrontation see Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party”;“Event Degenerates to Chaos,” Milwaukee Sentinel, August 18, 1976; Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 323.

785 Dole, at the podiumOfficial Report.

785 dissolving in laughter Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 322.

786 Jim Baker handed Harry Dent Witcover, Marathon, p. 497. “That does it!” Ibid., pp. 488-499.

786 “For the benefit” Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

787 Dick Cheny, Ford’s Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, pp. 323-324.an hour past midnight Tanya Melich, The Republican War Again Women: An Insider’s Report from behind the Lines (New York: Bantam, 1996), p. 67.

787 “The first abortion” Ibid., pp. 67-70. “Are we in this nation”Official Report.

788 “political house arrest” Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 322.

788 Richard Bruce Cheney Mann, Rise of the Vulcans, pp. 11-15. One of his ideas: “Snooping Docs During Ford’s Administration Released,” AP, February 3, 2006. “a strong team player” Rumsfeld to Ford, “Administratively Confidential, MEMORANDUM FOR THE PRESIENT, SUBJECT: CIA Director,” July 10. 1975, in Gerald Ford Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan (pdf). meeting with Solzhenitsyn Julian Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security—From World War II to the War on Terrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2009), p. 258.

789 Jim Lake, Reagan’s Witcover, Marathon, p. 486. two words, “fire Kissinger” Ibid., p. 500.

789 “Event Degenerates to ChaosMilwaukee Sentinel, August 18, 1976. One group tried Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, 326.

789 “tearful locker room” Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.” One of the emissaries Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 327.

789 Wall Street Journalwriter Ibid., p. 327.

790 The New York Times reported “Ford Said to Plan to Talk to Reagan: But Advisors to President Expect Californian to Bar Running Mate Offer; 2 Are Reported Likely Choices,” NYT, August 18, 1976, p. 1. Then word emerged UPI, August 18, 1976. William Warren Scranton Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 308.

790 “kids skinny dipping: Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

790 Signs: ROCKY DON’T Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 394. The Texans added Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

791 The first speakerOfficial Report.

791 Jacob Javits Witcover, Marathon, p. 501; Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party”; Official Report.

791 Elizabeth Drew of the New Yorker Drew, American Journal, p. 395.

791 “May we please”Official Report. which had only made “Six Form a 1976 Group for Reagan,” NYT, July 16, 1975, p. 19.

792 “A great demonstration”Official Proceedings.

792 A middle-aged man Mary McGrory column, August 21, 1976.

792 “inspiring fresh frenzies:Salt Lake Tribune, August 21, 1976, p. 7.

793 Pattie Davis was Patti Davis, The Way I See It: An Autobiography (New York: Putnam, 1992), p. 212. whose 1995 obituary “Jerry Zipkin, Who Lunched and Listened, Is Dead at 80,” NYT, Juny 9, 1995, p. B11.

793 “Clark Reed is Arnold Benedict” Salt Lake Tribune, August 21, 1976, p. 7.

793 Ford supporters in the balcony Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 327.

793 And then Rhodes Mary McGrory column, August 21, 1976; Official Proceedings.

793 “He seemed for a while” ENIR, August 21, 1976.

794 “No! No! No!Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.”

794 “Are you sure” Drew, American Journal, p. 399.

794 “I’m really thrilled” Ibid.; “Remarks in Kansas City Announcing Senator Robert Dole of Kansas as the President’s Selection for the Vice-Presidential Nomination,” August 19. 1976, UCSB.

794 Time printed some “Nation: The Droll Dole,” Time, August 30. 1976. having been ‘Schweikered’” Witcover, Marathon, p. 505.

794 They had met Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 328. “There is no circumstance” UPI, August 19. 1976. Reagan embraced her Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 328. “God chooses his”: Ibid.

795 “the entrance of royalty” Drew, American Journal, p. 405.

795 “shining city on the hill:“Reagan Has the Last Word,” Milwaukee Journal, August 20, 1976.

795 A reporter thought Harrigan, “Whoever Said It Was a Grand Old Party.” including Reagan, William F. BuckleyOfficial Report. “Let’s grow up” Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Hill & Wang, 2001), p. 95. Bauman cited itOfficial Report.

796 “What we do here” Ibid.

796 Cary Grant gave Ibid. Drew, American Journal, p. 406. A film showed Ibid. Ronald and Nancy Reagan See video here at 1:45. Elizabeth Drew recorded Drew, American Journal, p. 406.

796 The plodder’s acceptance “Remarks in Kansas City Upon Accepting the 1976 Republican Presidential Nomination,” August 19. 1976, UCSB. See video here.

798 “Marching Along Together” Drew, American Journal, p. 410.

798 “By one account” Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter. planned family dinner Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 330.“my good friend” See video here. A wire reporter “Reagan Has the Last Word,” Milwaukee Journal, August 20, 1976. Reagan told theNew York Times Service, August 20. 1976.

799 Michael Reagan said Michael Reagan, Michael Reagan: On the Outside Looking In (New York, Zebra, 1988), p. 159. ABC’s Frank Reynolds Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter, p. 235.

799 Next, one of the Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 330.

799 “Ladies and gentlemen” See transcript in Ibid.

802 “Reagan was utterly” Ibid.

803 Gold noted Gold, PR As in President, pp. 3-5.

804 Once, in 1966 See Drew Pearson column, October 27, 1966.

804 “At sixty-five years” New York Times Service, August 20. 1976.