THE INVISIBLE BRIDGE: SOURCE NOTES
NOTES_1-8NOTES_9-16NOTES_17-24NOTES_25-32

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: STAR

340 In 1935 Ronald Reag: Anne Edwards,Early Reagan: The Rise to Power (New York: William & Morrow, 1985), p. 151.

340 That February, he Ibid. ,p. 152. Monmouth, Illinois, where Ibid., p. 38. in Dixon a beloved Norman E. Wymbs, A Place To Go Back To: Ronald Reagan in Dixon, Illinois (Vantage Press, 1987), Chapter Six. “the marvelous flickering” Ronald Reagan with Richard Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me? (New York: Duell, Sloan & Pierce, 1965), p. 23. The white linen: Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 152.

341 The Cubs’ manager Ibid., p. 154.

341 Joy Hodges was Ibid. An up-and-coming contract player: Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 49. See also “Starring Ross Alexander,” TCM.com.

341 His version read Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 85.

342 June 1, 1937 Dennis McDougal, The Last Mogul: Lew Wasserman, MCA, and the Hidden History of Hollywood (New York: Crown, 1998), p. 82. an American company town This description is drawn from Jeanine Basinger, The Star Machine (New York: Knopf, 2007).

343 though the brass rejected Edwards, Early Reagan, pp. 153, 157. “Dear Mr. Reagan”Edmund Morris, “The Unknowable: Ronald Reagan’s Amazing, Mysterious Life,” New Yorker, June 28, 2004.

343 Most first deals Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 45. “SPORTSWRITER IS FEATURED” CT, June 11, 1937, p. 27.

344 In the trailer See trailer for Love Is On the Air here.

344 which Variety’s reviewer AEP, Box 60, Folder 8. The full review reads, “In the lead, Ronald Reagan, whom warners is trying to build up into a juve lead, is a spot-newscaster on a radio station. If he exceeds in authority and importance that role played in radio actually, the public probably won’t notice. But they are bound to notice that the plot is the one about the newspaper man who, against advice and even threats from higherups, does his community the good turn of dragging into the open the connections between racketeers and gangsters and the businessmen and political job-holders who protect the lawless and share the booty. Reagan is McLeod the mikeman. When he gets digging too deep into criminal activities of the town and spilling it over the ozone, the statio nmanager (Barrat) gets the pressure from teh newscaster’s sponsor, department store owner (Ricahrd), and consequently the chap is shifted over to handle the Kiddie Klub. When dealing with the tots, the demon truthdigger proves his case and his erstwhile sponsor is linked up with the criminals.” The Prescott (Arizona) November 17, 1937. “New Answer to Maidens’”: AEP, Box 60, Folder 13.

345 reviews played an outsized Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 45. In 1938 he got See the Internet Movie Database. “Doesn’t add up” undated Variety review in AE, Box 60, Folder 8. The trailer for See Tugboat Annie Sails Again trailer here. Sometimes it was misspelled See Variety review of International Squadron (1941); New York Daily News on Love Is On the Air; Variety on Code of the Secret Service (1939); New York Herald Tribune on Desperate Journey (1942); and Variety on Girl from Jones Beach (194), all in AEP, Box 60, Folder 8.

345 cheap Jack Warner’s See Thomas Schatz, The Genius of the System: Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era (New York: Pantheon, 1989), Chapters Four, Twelve, and Sixteen. “This fellow Reagan”: AEP, Box 60, Folder 13.

345 Humphrey Bogart, as Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 79. Erroll Flynn, the Ibid. When Warners finally Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 164-165. “scrap scenes, one”Variety review of Secret Service of the Air (1939), AEP, Box 60, Folder 8. “Will be limited”Variety review of Code of the Secret Service (1939), Ibid. “Errol Flynn of the B’s” Laurence Leamer, Make-Believe: The Story of Nancy and Ronald Reagan (New York: Dell, 1983), p. 104. As for Foy Ibid., p. 105.

345 “No, No, Jimmy Stewart” Ronald Reagan frequently repeated this story himself, for example in this 1986 speech, UCSB. Dutch, in Dark Victory Tony Thomas, The Films of Ronald Reagan (New York: Citadel Press, 1980), p. 73.

346 After an ill-fated McDougal, The Last Mogul, p. 82. he never talked Edmund Morris, Dutch: A Memoir of Ronald Reagan (New York: Random House, 1999), p. xxviii. See Ila Rhodes’ credits on the Internet Movie Database; three of five of her films were with Ronald Reagan. See also UPI, December 18, 1980; Rhodes claimed the studio moguls scotched their marriage. a button-nosed starlet Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 82.See Jane Wyman’s credits on the Internet Movie Database. Their flirtation had begun McDougal, The Last Mogul, p. 82; “Jame Wyman, Actress, Ronald Reagan’s Ex-Wife, Dies,” Bloomberg.com, September 10, 2007; “‘Johnny Belinda’ Actress Jane Wyman Dies,” USA Today, September 9, 2007. “great personality…being” Steven J. Ross, Hollywood Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), p. 136. “EXOTIC STAR IS PART INDIAN” The first article was reproduced in an online tribute accessed by the author in 2012 that no longer exists on this site. For the second, see the Saturday Morning Star, November 20. 1938.

346 “RONALD RAGAN and Jane Wyman”: AEP, Box 60, Folder 13.

347 In the storybook world Mark Inabinett, Grantland Rice and His Heroes: The Sportswriter as Mythmaker in the 1920s (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994), Chapter Eight. the Dixon Evening Telegraph See “KNUTE ROCKNE, FAMOUS GRID COACH, IS KILLED,” March 31, 1931; “Knute Rockne’s Body En Route to South Bend,” “Intimate Glimpses of Rockne,” and “Seek to Learn Cause of Fatal Plane Disaster,” all April 1, 1931; “Rockne’s Body Passes Through Chicago” and “Son of Vikings, Knute Rockne Made Football…,” April 2, 1931; “Small Piece of Ice Held Cause of Plane Crash,” “Knute, Spindly Boy in Chicago, Saw in ‘Eckie,’ High School Quarterback, His Ideal,” and a collection of anecdotes, all April 3, 1931; and “Simple Service Ushered Rockne To Grave Today,” April 4, 1931, all Dixon Telegraph accessed at Dixon Public Library.

347 He wasn’t longMarc Elliot, Reagan: The Hollywood Years, (New York: Crown), p. 142; Edwards, Early Reagan, pp. 206-207, 213. See also Knute Rockne, All-American dossier AEP, Box 60, Folder 8. Wasserman decided to take Connie Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King: The Reign of Lew Wasserman, Who Leveraged Talent into Power and Influence (New York: Random House, 2003), pp. 46-47. which Reagan won Robert Dallek, Ronald Reagan: The Politics of Symbolism (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984), p. 19. Reagan himself also tells the story about Rockne’s “diary” in “Remarks at the Unveiling of the Knute Rockne Commemorative Stamp at the University of Notre Dame in Indiana,” March 9, 1988, UCSB.

348 “the history or traditions” Inabinett, Grantland Rice and His Heroes, p. 90.

348 In real life Ibid., pp. 93-94.

348 It was like Ibid., p. 94.

348 “Rock, sometime when” See the famous scene here.

348 He brought his parents Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 16. See also Knute Rockne, All-American dossier AEP, Box 60, Folder 8, with voluminous South Bend press coverage of the visit. “My soul was: Eliot, Reagan, pp. 127-128,quoting Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter: A Memoir (New York: Little, Brown, 1989).

349 Hollywood’s preeminent columnist Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 249. “he carries the starring” review in AEP, Box 60, Folder 8. In August 1941 SeeEugene Register-Guard, May 3, 1942. And when Warners Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 237-240. Reagan was so pleased Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 146.

349 Warners tripled his salary McDougal, The Last Mogul, p. 84. On December 3, 1941 Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 122.

349 James Stewart flew See Wikipedia.com, “James Stewart: Military Service.Lew Wasserman was determined McDougal, The Last Mogul, pp. 83-84.Though he himself Photoplay, August, 1942, p. 44.

350 “Fort Roach,” “Fort Wacky” Otto Friedrich, City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in the 1940s (New York: Harper & Row, 1986), p. 155. “Knock it off” Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 125.

350 “When we finally” Ibid., p. 130. playing basketball onSeth Rosenfeld, Subersives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012), p. 121. devouring a book Mitch Horowitz, “Ronald Reagan and the Occultist,” Salon.com, January 5, 2014. sending out disciplinary Kiron K. Skinner, Annalise Anderson, and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan: A Life in Letters (New York: Free Press, 2004), p. 131. He didn’t even See summary National Archives summary of Jap Zero, and script for Rear Gunner, in AEP, Box 60, Folder 9. He did star Jack Smith, “When President Reagan Roamed Ft. Roach As a Member of the Culver City Commandos,” LAT, May 22, 1985, p. 1.

351 The New York Times Bosley Crowther, “‘Casablanca,’ With Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman,” NYT, November 27, 1942, p. 27. Variety called it “Review: ‘Casablanca,” Variety, December 1, 1942. And, the Hollywood Reporter See AP, April 5, 1992.

351 He looked dashing See October, 1944 Modern Screen cover here. The star system Basinger, The Star Machine, Part III, “Retooling for World War II.” Reagan overheard their Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 133. Johnson had a plate Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 470.

351 A fan magazine: AEP, Box 60, Folder 13. Oscar-worthy performance “Plaudits Handed to Jane Wyman: Change in Screen Personality Stamps Her as Dramatic Star,” LAT, October 21, 1945, p. B1. “Our Child Must Not” AEP, Box 60, Folder 13. Another piece framed AEP, Box 60, Folder 13. “Oh, Janie, dear” Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 133.

352 And then, one night Ibid.

352 And then, one day Jack Smith, “When President Reagan Roamed Ft. Roach As a Member of the Culver City Commandos,” LAT, May 22, 1985, p. 1.

352 Modern Screen undated 1946 clip in AEP, Box 60, Folder 13, probably July, 1946. Warner Brothers didn’t Thomas, The Films of Ronald Reagan, p. 145.

352 the “Paramount Decree”Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, pp. 111-112. See also Schatz, The Genius of the System. and Henry Fonda McDougal, The Last Mogul, p. 116. “I don’t want” Jane Fonda, My Life So Far (New York: Random House, 2005), p. 51.

352 The twenty-four-hour nature Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 133. Olivia de Havilland Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, pp. 113-114.

353 He gave his mother Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 272. “I have met” The Reagan Record, Winter, 1949. One enthusiastic correspondent See finding aid, LWL.

353 Errol Flynn, who Hal Wallis and Charles Higham, Starmaker: The Autobiography of Hal Wallis (New York: Macmillan, 1980), pp. 78-79.

353 Jane Wyman was “Plaudits Handed to Jane Wyman: Change in Screen Personality Stamps Her as Dramatic Star,” LAT, October 21, 1945, p. B1.

353 Ronald Reagan was AEP, Box 60, Folder 13.

354 When that excruciating Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, November 19, 1947, LWL.

354 The flyer showed: McDougal, The Last Mogul, p. 139.

354 “We feel that” Ibid. “REAGAN DEFENDS ACTOR’S” AP, January 24, 1946; headline from Hollywood News, in AEP.

355 By the spring Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 120.

355 “stealing God’s stuff” Allan M. Winkler, Life Under a Cloud: American Anxieties about the Atom (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), p. 30. One World or None: Ibid., p. 39.

355 In April 1946 “Share Atomic Secrets, Plea: Delegates to the ‘Win the Peace’ Parley Outline Their Program,” Milwaukee Journal, April 8, 1946.

356 Mission to Moscow J. Hoberman, An Army of Phantoms: American Movies and the Making of the Cold War (New York: New Press, 2011), pp. 5-8; “‘Mission to Moscow’ Preview Acclaimed By Press Members,” WP, April 29. 1943, p. 1. Song of Russia and The North Star Hoberman, An Army of Phantoms, pp. 2-3, 13. Life devoted its:See issue here; quote on p. 20. That November some Hoberman, An Army of Phantoms, p. 11. The next year “The Hollywood Canteen: Helping the War Effort,” rocknjosie.blogspot.com, photo courtesy of Los Angeles Public Library.

356 The history of the Communist John Cogley, Report on Blacklisting: I: Movies (Washington: Fund for the Republic, 1956); Lyons quote on p. 27.

357 Then peace, and Hoberman, An Army of Phantoms, p. 17. “capitalism and socialism” Maurice Isserman, Which Side Were You On: The American Communist Party During the Second World War (Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993), p. 188.

357 “a condition akin” Milwaukee Sentinel, March 27, 1947. As for HICCASP Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 120.

357 and also narrator Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson, “Merry-Go-Round,” October 27, 1966.

357 The agents announced Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 195.

358 Somewhere around this Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 123. Maybe even Harry Truman Winkler, Life Under a Cloud, p. 43.

359 Alongside Olivia de Haviland Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 123. Planning their move Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 192. “It was all the proof” Ronald Reagan, An American Life: The Autobiography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990), p. 133.

359 he absconded with Neil Reagan interview, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California–Berkeley.

359 The union that on IA and Conference of Studio Unions see Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, pp. 56-57, 92; Garry Wills, Reagan’s America: Innocents At Home (New York: Doubleday, 1986), pp. 271-289; and especially Laurie Pintar, “Herbert K. Sorrell as the Grade-B Hero: Militancy and Masculinity in the Studios,” Labor History, Vol. 37, issue 3 (1996).

360 “We were not” Pintar, “Herbert K. Sorrell as the Grade-B Hero.”

360 Bioff offered him $56,000 Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 93. “I think you should” Jurisdictional Disputes in the Motion-Picture Industry: Hearings Before a Special Subcommittee of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Eightieth Congress, First Session, Pursuant to H. Res. 111, Vol. 2 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1948), p. 1237. When in March 1945 Pintar, “Herbert K. Sorrell as the Grade-B Hero.” See also UPI, March 15, 1945.

361 “Three Wise Men” Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 281. Sorrell, meanwhile, called “Carpenters Strike at 8 Film Studios,” NYT, January 25, 1946, p. 4; “Sorrell Puts Off Coast Film Strike,” NYT, February 17, 1946, p. 4. The campaign ended AP, April 4, 1946; UPI, July 1, 1946; “Show Business: The Treaty of Beverly Hills,” Time, July 15, 1946.

361 In September 1946 “Labor: Hold Your Hats, Boys,” Time, October 7, 1946; “Labor: Action—Camera!,” Time, October 14, 1946. By November, it got “700 Film Strike Pickets Arrested: Police Disperse 1500 at Columbia; New Demonstration Ordered Today,” LAT, November 16, 1946, p. 1; “Charge Drawn o Top Film Strikers: Criminal Conspiracy Complaints on Six Ringleaders Promised Today,” LAT, November 18, 1946. “We don’t want bail!” Ibid. “Red Bid Reported” Ibid.

362 curious sort of union Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 264.

362 In October 1946 “Film Stars Essay new Role,” LAT, October 8, 1946, p. A4. The vote was Garry Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 283. “phony impartiality” “Rebel Union Bids Others Follow As I.A.T.S.E. Acts in Studio Strike,” LAT, October 18, 1946, p. 2. In public, ReaganJurisdictional Disputes in the Motion-Picture Industry, Vol. 1, p. 219; Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 280. “The Communist plan” Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 186.

362 “It looks as though” Bob Thomas AP column, October 16, 1946. Nine dayslater Thomas column, October 25, 1946.

363 “There’s a group” Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 199.

363 A Jesuit priest See, generally, George H. Dunne, Hollywood Labor Dispute: A Study in Immorality (Los Angeles: Conference Publishing, 1952). Brewer told the priestJurisdictional Disputes in the Motion-Picture Industry, Vol. 2, p. 405. “justice on their side” Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 96. He recalled in George Dunn interview, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California–Berkeley.

363 Sorrell was kidnapped Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 99.

363 “I do not know”Jurisdictional Disputes in the Motion-Picture Industry, Vol. 3, p. 1589. “My God, I” Ibid., p. 1571.

364 One day the hearings Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 278;Jurisdictional Disputes, Vol. 1, beginning on page 908. “advisable not to have stars” Ibid., p. 912.

364 Reagan probably hadn’t I concur with Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 280. “Whatever you do” Hedda Hopper column, May 18, 1947. Hopper, a dyed-in-the-wool conservative See Jennifer Frost, Hedda Hopper’s Hollywood: Celebrity Gossip and American Conservatism (New York: NYU Press, 2011). In his new role Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 283.

365 “There is a certain”Jurisdictional Disputes, Vol. 1, p. 450. 365 that he “knew nothing” Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 280.

365 Alexander Knox, whoStephen Vaughn, Reagan in Hollywood: Movies and Politics (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 143; Rosenfeld, Subversives, pp. 125-126.

365 Father Dunne saidJurisdictional Disputes, Vol. 1, p. 450.

356 Jack Warner had praised Eliot, Reagan, p. 192. That Hagen Girl The film was featured in Harry Medved with Randy Dreyfuss and Michael Medved, The Fifty Worst Films of All Times (And How They Got That Way) (New York: Warner Books, 1978), p. 248. A Hollywood Citizen July 18, 1947, in AEP, Box 60, Folder 11, partially reprinted here.

366 He skipped his Hedda Hopper column, CT, February 11, 1947, p. 27. spoke at a fan banquet “Baseball Draws Diamond Great,” LAT, March 18, 1946, p. A8. emceed the Oscars “Oscars to Be Given Tonight,” LAT, March 13, 1947, p. A1. “As we enjoy” “Screen Star Lashes Race Baiting Groups,” Pittsburgh Courier, May 17, 1947, p. 17. “If the professor” AP, December 18, 1946.

367 In May 1947 “Mr Reagan Airs His Views,” Hopper column, CT, May 18, 1947, p. G7; also WP, May 18, 1947, p. S6.

367 Only one month Rosenfeld, Subversives, pp. 127-128.

367 J. Parnell Thomas Roselfeld, Subversives, p. 129.Hedda Hopper rushed Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 141.

367 “I Broke Myself”Los Angeles Times Mirror, October 15, 1948, clip in AEP, Box 60, Folder 8.

368 “He studies his role” Sidney Skolsky column, Hollywood Citizen News, December 8, 1959. he sank down Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 140.

368 called him “diarrhea mouth” See Don Siegel, A Siegel Film: An Autobiography (London: Faber & Faber, 1996), p. 114, in which Seigel relates Wyman calling him that in the car on the way to dinner with Seigel and Siegel’s wife. At a dinner party Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 229.

368 “We’ll have an ideal” Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 115. When Johnny Belinda Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 331.

368 The Motion Picture Alliance John Cogley, Report on Blacklisting: I: Movies (Washington: Fund for the Republic, 1956), p. 11. HUAC’s chief Hollywood Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 131.

369 “Hearings Regarding the” Cogley, Report on Blacklisting, p. 1-24. Writer Ayn RandScreen Guide for Americans pdf available from Michigan State University Archives.

369 “stool-pigeons, neurotics” Hoberman, An Army of Phantoms, p. 57.

369 On October 23 See Reagan testimony online.

370 On the other hand Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 129.

370 “You bore me!” Bob Colacello, Ronnie and Nancy: Their Path to the White House—1911 to 1980 (New York: Warner Books, 2004), p. 221. “Thanks for being frank” Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, nd, LWL.

370 Two weeks later Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 304.

370 “There is no use” Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 144. “Ronald Reagan declares” Hedda Hopper column, December 5, 1947, AEP, online here.

371 Two weeks later Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 138. One day Ralph Keyes interview with Enrest Higdon in possession of the author.

371 “Those Fightin’ Reagans”Photoplay, January 1948, AEP, Box 60, folder 13. Readers of the Los Angeles Times “Jane Wyman Divorced; Blames Rift on Politics,” LAT, June 29, 1948, p. A1.

372 “I accept this” See video here. Decades later: Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), p. 270. One of those starlets The woman was Selene Walters, who told the story in Kitty Kelly, Nancy Reagan: The Unauthorized Biography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991). another, an eighteen-year old Piper Laurie, Learning to Live Out Loud: A Memoir (New York: Random House, 2011). Sometimes he woke up Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 148.

372 “I was almost”The Reagan Record, Winter, 1949. Forlornly, he named Howard McClay column, Los Angeles Daily News, April 19. 1954, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10.

372 “This is Ronald Reagan” Hear broadcast here.

373 Two years earlier Hedda Hopper column, May 18, 1947. Now a profile Sidney Skolsky column, Hollywood Citizen News, AEP, Box 60, Folder 13.

373 “Shouldn’t someone tag”: “Mondale Says Reagan Note Compared Kennedy to Marx,” NYT, October 23, 1984. “Use him as a speaker” Edmund Morris, Dutch: A Memoir of Ronald Reagan (New York: Random House, 1999), p. 316.

374 Once upon a time Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 138; see article from Photoplay, December, 1932. “He’s nobody” Basinger, The Star Machine, p. 11. This was, ironically “7 Quit Film Guild Posts: 3 Officers and 4 Others Resign Because They Produce,” NYT, March 12, 1947, p. 31.

375 Night Unto Night Thomas, The Films of Ronald Reagan, p. 159; see review in Box 60, Folder 8, AEP. (“Reagan and Miss Lindfors play this solemn phoniness as earnestly as it truly contained the germ of emotional poignancy. But all love’s labors are hopelessly loss.”) On refusing loan-out see April 19, 1949, Variety clip in AEP, Box 60, Folder 11. The Girl from Jones Beach Thomas, The Films of Ronald Reagan, p. 164; review in AEP, Box 60, Folder 8. The Hasty Heart Ibid., p. 169.

375 Early in 1950 Colacello, Ronnie and Nancy, p. 244. Perhaps buoyed by Reagan to Jack Warner, Kiron K. Skinner, Annalise Anderson, and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan: A Life in Letters (New York: Free Press, 2004, pp. 137-138.

375 “Jack” responded through McDougal, The Last Mogul, p. 138.

375 Lew Wasserman was Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 243. Of Bedtime for BonzoNewsweek clip in AEP, Box 60, Folder 11. His name was See Bedtime for Bonzo trailer here. “Who could believe” Michael Kramer, “What President Reagan Would Mean for New York,” New York, April 28, 1980. When a studio Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 125; Earl B. Dunckel interview, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California–Berkeley. But that was Read Reagan using his inability to get a profit-sharing deal as an excuse for not donating to National Review in a letter to William F. Buckley, June 16, 1962, in Skinner et al, Reagan: A Life in Letters, p. 281.

376 guaranteeing actors “a wage” Hedda Hopper column, May 18, 1947. begging the studios Ezra Goodman column, Los Angeles News, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10. arguing in 1952 Ronald Reagan, “Box Office & New Faces, “ 1952 anniversary issue of Independent Film Journal, AEP, Box 66. He all but proposed Gerry Fitz-Gerald, International News Service, May 4, 1952, AEP, reprinted inCedar Rapids Gazette, May 4, 1952, p. 47.

376 “REAGAN IN NIGHT CLUB”Hollywood Citizen-News, February 15, 1954, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10. “‘Niagara Falls’ in a tub” Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, nd (“Thur”) on Hotel Last Frontier stationery, LWL. HIs Las Vegas Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 123.

377 A researcher discovered Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 142.Rosenfeld kindly provided me a copy of documentation of Reagan’s tax lien from his FBI files.

377 “MCA had an” Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 143.

377 In one version Anne Edwards, The Reagans: Portrait of a Marriage (New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2004), p. 17. In anotherCocacello, Ronnie and Nancy. In still another Ibid.

378 The story went See the “official” telling on the website of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and Library. Suddenly Knox found “Alexander Knox Responds to Charges That He Is a Member of the Communist Party,” in Anthony Slide, Actors on Red Alert: Career Interviews with Five Actors and Actresses (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1999), p. 117.

378 Then, wrote Nancy Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 154.

378 their story wasn’t Jon Wiener, “The Other Nancy Davis,” in Professors, Politics, and Pop (New York: Verso, 1991), p. 333.

379 Her mother, Edith Luckert See Luckert biography on Reagan Foundation website.

379 “Nancy’s social perfection” Colacello, Ronnie and Nancy, p. 74.

379 “I don’t care” Ibid., p. 34.

380 A story about Lou Cannon, Ronnie and Jesse: A Political Odyssey (New York: Doubleday, 1969), p. 158. “My patients don’t have” Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 30.

380 Spencer Tracy suggested Ibid., p. 62. “Nancy was one” Kitty Kelley, Nancy Reagan: The Authorized Biography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991), p. 70. She developed: Kelley, Nancy Reagan, p. 539, cites an interview with Benny Thau that Anne Edwards related to her about Nancy Davis’s reputation in Hollywood. Edwards chose not to put it in her book because it was “too scandalous” and “too tasteless.”

380 “She’s a nice girl” Ibid., p. 63. “Stars like Elizabeth Taylor” Colacello, Ronnie and Nancy. she told her mother Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 69.

380 The screen test Ibid. “All Nancy Davis” Kelley, Nancy Reagan, pp. 70-71. On her studio publicity AEP, Box 61, Folder 10. And there were those Kelley, Nancy Reagan, p. 539.

381 In February 1951Los Angeles Daily News, February 14, 1951. The New York Times “Hollywood’s Shifting Sands,” NYT, February 25, 1951, p. 93. On a TV showVariety, March 12, 1951. “You cited fan magazine”Motion Picture, June, 1951, attached to 2000.02.0031, LWL, with Reagan’s unpublished response.

382 “REAGAN WILL WED”: nd clip in AEP, Box 61, Folder 10. the Holdens were not Leamer, Make-Believe, p. 167.

382 350 acres Goodman column, Los Angeles News, July 24, 1950, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10. 600 acres Howard McClay column, Los Angeles Daily News, April 19, 1954, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10. green Cadillac convertibleMichael ReaganMichael Reagan: On the Outside Looking In (New York, Zebra, 1988), p. 32. “They were at the horse” Louella Parsons column, October 22, 1952, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10; see also Parsons column, May 28, 1952, which ran in one paper with the headline “Reagan Baby Due to Arrive in December.” “My parents have never” Patti Davis, The Way I See It (New York: Putnam, 1992), p. 25. “Mrs. Ronald Reagan” See for example theDeseret News, August 11, 1954.

382 Here Ronnie and “Nice Guy Reagan Fights For What He Believes In,” Los Angeles Examiner, June 28, 1952, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10. It did not note Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 331.

383 Reagan had just Speech in AEP, Box 63, Folder 18, reprinted in Anne Edwards, The Reagans: Portrait of a Marriage (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2003), p. 369.

383 One month later On the blanket waver see McDougal, The Last Mogul, pp. 187-191; Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, pp. 119-123.

383 There were 1,126 Ibid., p. 118.

384 “It’s quite conceivable” Wills, Reagan’s America, p. 325. By that time Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 134.

384 Prisoner of War Thomas, The Films of Ronald Reagan, p. 206.

385 He blamed “the reluctance” Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 142.

385 In the spring Richard M. Fried, Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990), p. 138. “Professional patriots,” asCorpus Cristi Caller-Times, October 21, 1954, p. 20. For Stoddard and UNESCO, see “Education: The Timid Ones,” Time, April 5, 1954 and “Education: Los Angeles: Pink Ford,” Time, July 27, 1953.

386 The press release AEP, Box 63, Folder 10. “There was much” Bruck, When Hollywood Had a King, p. 123. In its first year Timothy Raphael, The President Electric: Ronald Reagan and the Politics of Performance (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009).

386 What he was hosting Thanks to Moshe Marvit for providing me DVDs of several dozen episodes of General Electric theater. Many are available on YouTube; important ones include “I’m a Fool,” with James Dean (November 14, 1954) and “No Hiding Place” (April 6, 1958), discussed below. each episode’s introducer See here. Bette Davis Davis appeared in a Hichcockian thriller set in Hong Kong, “The Cold Touch” (October 13, 1958).

386 “That was act one” DVD in possession of author.

387 Few corporations were Raphael, The President Electric.

388 From the start Ibid.

388 the nuclear reactors “Atomic Energy: The Powerhouse,” Time, January 12, 1959. Selling that notion Raphael, The President Electric.

389 Almost every GE plant Thomas Evans, The Education of Ronald Reagan: The General Electric Years (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), Chapter Three. See also Elizabeth Tandy Shermer, “General Motors vs. General Electric,” History News Network, November 26, 2012.

390 The story was sold Ronald W. Schatz, The Electrical Workers: A History of Labor at General Electric and Westinghouse, 1923-1960 (Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983), p. 172. according to Hazlett Henry Hazlett, Economics in One Lesson (New York: Harper, 1946), p. 16. One company publication Angus Burgin, The Great Persuasion: Reinventing Free Markets Since the Depression (Cambridge: Harvard University Press), p. 89.

391 A day might Evans, The Education of Ronald Reagan, pp. 61-66. The company’s expansion Shermer, “General Motors vs. General Electric.” “He could clean” Evans, The Education of Ronald Reagan, p. 64.

391 He might show off Ibid. p. 62. “against tremendous odds” “Reagan Says Hollywood Foiled Reds; Repulsed Their Move to Take Over Industry,” Youngstown Vindicator, October 11, 1956, in AEP, Box 64, Folder 7.

392 “I bet he’s” Edwards, Early Reagan, p. 454.

392 the nation’s misconception “Reagan Says Hollywood Foiled Reds.”

392 It opened him Thomas, The Education of Ronald Reagan, p. 63.

392 “Actors are citizens” Reagan essay in November 1955 Hollywood Reporter, in AEP, Box 66, Folder 4. A massive meeting: Earl B. Dunckel interview, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California–Berkeley.

393 Reagan himself, though Ronald Reagan, An American Life: The Autobiography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990), p. 127.

393 tales of the “tremendous” “Reagan Says Hollywood Foiled Reds.”

393 “An interesting thing” Reagan, An American Life, p. 129.

394 “I’ve decided,” he Reagan to Earl Dunckell, October 16, 1979, Skinner et al, A Life in Letters, p. 117. He called it Thomas, The Education of Ronald Reagan, p. 38.

394 The one lesson Hazlett, Economics in One Lesson, pp. 14-16. “taxation for public housing” Ibid., p. 34. The Tennessee Valley Authority Ibid., p. 36.

395 “If we believe” Thomas, The Education of Ronald Reagan, p. 60.

395 “Where’s my Dick Tracy” From “The Martyr,” January 23, 1955, in possession of author.

395 “the headquarters of progress” Raphael, The President Electric.

396 What a historianIbid.

396 “Nancy knits Reagan”Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 77.

396 A market research Ibid. “the ambassador of” Ibid.

397 Within a year ThisDayInDisneyHistory.com, July 17, 1955; Mouseplanet.com interview with Art Linkletter; See video here. In 1957 “Xaviar Cugat and His Wife, Abbe Lane, Sign to Replace Eddie Fisher on N.B.C.,” NYT, January 25, 157, p. 45. He made a triumphant Mitch Horowitz, “Ronald Reagan and the Occultist,” Salon.com, January 5, 2014. That was the year Raphael, The President Electric.

397 “Reagan Says Business” nd 1956 (April?) clip from Hollywood Reporter, AEP, Box 60, Folder 10. “The Actor in the Gray” CBS press release, March 22, 1957, AEP, Box 63, Folder 10.

397 Nancy Reagan had Colacello, Ronnie and Nancy, pp. 285-312.

398 Benny, for some Ibid., p. 286.

398 Walter Annenberg Ibid., p. 287.

399 Lemuel Boulware, for Thomas, The Education of Ronald Reagan, p. 89.

399 “We businessmen are” Ibid., p. 90 . “No one,” he Kim Phillips-Fein, Visible Hands: The Businessmen’s Crusade Against the New Deal (New York: Norton, 2010), p. 102. “It is time” Reagan speech to annual dinner of National Association of Manufacturers’ 77th Congress of American Industry, December 8, 1972, republished in Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 39, January 15, 1973.

400 As the Miami News April 1, 1958 clip in AEP, Box 63, Folder 10. In the episodeNo Hiding Place” (April 6, 1958).

400 I have to say “Insight,” May 23, 1958, available for listening here. For more on the program see “Arnold Michaelis, TV Interviewer, 81,” NYT, January 14, 1997.

400 “We can lose” Phillips-Fein, Visible Hands, p. 114.

400 “There can be” Ibid.

400 “Get any part” Ibid.

400 In another speech Thomas, The Education of Ronald Reagan, p. 115.

401 As a historian Thomas F. O’Boyle, At Any Cost: Jack Welch, General Elecrtric, and the Pursuit of Profit (New York: Random House, 2001), p. 54.

401 That same yea See Reagan to Lorraine Wagner from the Garden of Allah, July 13, 1960, LWL. “Boyish of face” “Opinion: Too Many People,” Time, April 21, 1961. “tool of tyranny” Drew Pearson column, October 19, 1966. “a faceless mass”: Ibid.

401 He also volunteered Here Reagan’s “Operation Coffee Cup” speech here.

401 Mr. Cordiner, what” Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, pp. 268-269.

402 The eighth season “The Iron Silence,” September 14, 1961, in possession of author.

402 In March 1962 “My Dark Days—Prelude,” March 18, 1962, in possession of author, and “My Dark Day—Aftermath,” March 25, 1962. I have not been able to find the second part. American communist were David Garrow, “FBI Political Harassment and FBI Historiography: Analyzing Informants and Measuring the Effects,” The Public Historian, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 5-18. hadn’t Hoover said: Milwaukee Sentinel, March 27, 1947.

403 “conscious agent of” See Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Hill & Wang, 2001), pp. 110-113. no “moral justification”: Drew Pearson column, October 19, 1966. “The inescapable truth” See Reagan to Phoenix Chamber of Commerce, March 30. 1961, in AEP, Box 61, Folder 4. Another was a bogus Reagan repeats the quote in Manuel Klausner, “Inside Ronald Reagan: A Reason Interview,” Reason, July, 1975. “infiltrating all phases” Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 292. Senator Frank Church Ibid., p. 291.

404 An FBI document Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 293. “On our producing” Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, July 3, 1962, LWL, and June 3, 1962, the latter in Skinner et al, Reagan: A Life in Letters, p. 145.

404 who had actuallyAnother Housewife Reveals Training Methods of Reds,” LAT, October 22, 1959, p. B1. “the most decorated” See Bobbs-Merrill ad, NYT, September 25, 1960, p. BR23. See also “FBI Agents in Warning on Red Peri: UCLA Law Group Hears Husband and Wife Team, LAT, October 16, 1956; “Woman Gets New Honor for Fight Against Reds: Citation From Reps. Jackson, Scherer Given Mrs. Paul Miller for Aid to FBI,” Lat, may 18, 1959, p. B1; “Women: Workers for FBI to Talk Reds,” LAT, October 2, 1960. before 17,500: “Probe Into ‘Muzzling of Military Asked: 15, 700 at Anti-Red School Rally,” LAT, August 31, 1961, p. B1. Another man who spoke “House Quiz Asked in L.A.; C”ommunist Influx Claimed: Hearings Expected Early next Year, Anti-Red School Told,” LAT, December 15, 1961, p. B1.

405 In an interview “Real Spy Thriller,” Bosotn Globe, March 18, 1962, p. 26.

405 In June 1961 Drew Pearson column, June 17, 1961. Reagan wrote an angry Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, July 13, 1961, with Reagan’s letter to Drew Pearson attached, LWL. that summer, the company UPI, July 27, 1962.

405 Loyd Wright ran Perlstein, Before the Storm, p. 166; Cinema Education Guild Pamphlet in AEP, Box 66, Folder 12. Also that summer Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the rest of Me?, p. 273.

406 Later, to his daughter Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter: A Memoir (New York: Little, Brown, 1989), p. 110. He announced thatReagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 270. “Government contracts,” he Patti Davis, The Way I See It (New York: Putnam, 1992), p. 178.

406 He picked up January 1, 1963 Rose Bowl broadcast in collection of J. Fred MacDonald; Wagon Train, “The Fort Pierce Story,” September 23, 1963; and the 1963 G.E.-style conservation documentary, “Heritage of Splendor” sponsored by Atlantic Richfield, viewable here.

406 In Long Island Perlstein, Before the Storm, p. 499. “I think it would” Bruce Biossat column, July 15, 1964. That fall, he Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 297; many episodes are online, as is this Boraxo commercial with daughter Patti.

407 The Killers Don Siegel, A Siegel Film: An Autobiography (London: Faber & Faber, 1996).

407 And then, on October 27 Perlstein, Before the Storm, pp. 498-505.

 

 

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: GOVERNING

 

408 He began, amiably See video here. The Bracero Program was a series of agreements allowing the temporary importation of contract workers into the United States.

408 “air of furtive jubilation” Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 73. Richard Nixon had some thoughts: Ibid., p. 93.

409 “Amazingly enough,” Newsweek: Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (New York: Prima Publishing, 2001), p. 159. Elizabeth Drew wrote Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 49. Richard Reeves in his Reeves column, September 11, 1979.

409 And when passage Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), pp. 182-184. Indeed, he frustrated conservative UPI, July 7, 1971.

410 “Taxes should hurt” AP, December 7, 1971; Cannon, Governor Reagan, p. 197; Alexander Hopkins McDannald, ed. Yearbook of the Encyclopedia Americana (New York: Grolliers, 1974) p. 149; Shana Alexander column, Newsweek, October 17, 1973.

410 “Five years ago” AP, January 13, 1972. What it obscured Alexander column, Newsweek, October 17, 1973.

410 When worst came Cannon, Governor Reagan, pp. 207-214.

411 First in 1967 Cannon, Governor Reagan, pp. 189-194. He called that Speech to National Association of Manufacturers 77th Congress of American Industry, Vital Speeches of the Day, January 15, 1973. Harried, baffled psychiatrists Ervin Yalom, Momma and the Meaning of Life: Tales of Psychotherapy (New York: Basic Books, 1999). When a visiting expert AP, November 14, 1967. “We lead the nation” Cannon, Governor Reagan, p. 190.

411 “a cancer that” “Putting the Poor to Work,” Time, March 23, 1981. See also AP, January 13, 1971. And it was true Cannon, Governor Reagan, 349-362.

412 But when the process Ibid.

412 b:Ibid., p. 360.

412 One part of the new W. Norton Grubb, Learning to Work: The Case for Reintegrating Job Training and Education (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1996), p. 39; UPI, March 18 1981; “Putting the Poor to Work,” Time, March 23, 1981.

413 “I’ve got bad news” “Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress Reporting on the State of the Union,” Janaury 15, 1975. His proposal that Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1984-2008 (New York: Harper, 2008), p. 38-39; Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 54-55. “More than anyRobert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), p. 261.

413 Young Americans for Freedom AP, February, 1975, reprinted on TalkingPointsMemo.com, September 28, 2009. Reagan, on the radio 75-03, track 1, recorded February 14, 1975. “Gerald Ford is an awfully” John Osborne, “White House Watch,” TNR, January 4, 1975. Tom Brokaw of NBC “Interview With John Chancellor and Tom Brokaw of NBC News,” January 23, 1975, UCSB.

414 Ford responded by pointing Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 23. Two dozen Republican Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 46.

414 “the tax cuts” “Address to the Nation Upon Signing the Tax Reduction Act of 1975,” March 29, 1975, UCSB.

414 Reflected a historian Wilentz, The Age of Reagan, p. 38, 41.

414 On January 24 AP, January 25, 1975. the Weather Underground AP, January 27, 1975. For his part RRRH, 75-03 track 6, recorded February 27, 1975.

415 In February a slasher “Crime: The Skid Row Slasher,” Time, February 10, 1975. Two radical economists AP, March 11, 1975.

415 a Purdue University coed UPI, March 15, 1975. thousands fleeing their riverbank Ibid. a former governor AP, March 15, 1975. the assassination by policeMilwaukee Journal, March 15, 1975. Rabbi Korff raising money Los Angeles Times Service, March 15, 1975. fresh leads in Pennsylvania AP, March 15, 1975. a fourteen year old AP, March 15, 1975. another kidnaped millionaire UPI, March 15, 1975. a knife-wielding purse-snatcher Milwaukee Journal, March 15, 1975.

415 For instance, the BBC’sChristianity Today, October 25, 1974.

415 The New York Times predicted “Year of Intelligence,” NYT, February 8, 1975, p. 21.

416 Speaking before a friendly “CIA Critics Hinder Work, Colby Warns,” LAT, February 21, 1975, p. A1.

416 Eight days later Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 59.

417 It came of a meeting Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978), pp. 209-210.

418 “Are you people” Daniel Schorr, Staying Tuned: A Life In Journalism (New York: Atria, 2001), p. 268.

418 which was just See June 19, 1975 (pdf).

418 Although, at that “Ford Seen Fearful of Baring Alleged CIA Role in Killings,” WP, March 1, 1975. TheTimes buried “Ford Said to Fear Baring of CIA Role in Assassinations Abroad,” NYT, March 1, 1975, p. 30. “We have entered” “Investigations: Church: ‘Entering the 1984 Decade,’” Time, March 24, 1975.

418 “The Ford Administration” “Onus for Saigon Military Collapse Put on Congress,” LAT, March 21, 1975.

 

 

CHAPTER NINETEEN: DISEASE, DISEASE, DISEASE

 

 

419 “There’s a complete” Jonathan Schell, New Yorker, April 14, 1975, reprinted in The Jonathan Schell Reader: On the United States at War, the Long Crisis of the American Republic, and the Fate of the Earth (New York: Nation Books, p. 2004), p. 236.

419 “from one endIbid., p. 241.

419 “crowding together,” NBC April 29. 1975, in NBC News, “The Fall of Saigon, April 29-30, 1975.”

420 One of these mariners Schell, The Jonathan Schell Reader, p. 237.

420 “There is no war” Ibid., p. 236.

420 “One woman’s baby” AP, April 1, 1975.

420 But only three April 29. 1975, in NBC News, “The Fall of Saigon, April 29-30, 1975.“We decided not” “Notes on People: Ford Photographer Is Shot at in Vietnam,” NYT, April 1, 1975, p. 40.

421 “Their eyes wide” AP, April 3, 1975.

421 “gregarious, an outgoing” AP, April 3, 1975. “Unable to do” Schell, The Jonathan Schell Reader, p. 243.

421 “Grim workers resumed” AP, April 5, 1975.

421 “The search continued” “Special Section: Is This What America Has Left?”, Time, April 7, 1975. “The Indochina rout” The Economist, syndicated in the Sumner Daily Item, quoted in Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (New York: Prima Publishing, 2001), p. 413. British Petroleum and Gulf Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011). “If Berlin were attacked” Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 413. According to a new poll Ibid.

422 On January 9 UPI, January 10, 1975. “Some note in his” Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978), p. 214. Only 12 percent The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976), April 1975. in mid-March “Administration Says Congress to Blame for Government Rout,” Boston Globe, March 21, 1975, p. 1. “We have so much” “Foreign Policy: Indochina: How Much Longer?”, Time, March 24, 1975. On March 28 Larry Berman, No Peace, No Honor: Nixon, Kissinger, and Betrayal in Vietnam (New York: Free Press, 2001), p. 266.

422 In the interim Jonathan Schell, New Yorker, April 14, 1975, reprinted in The Jonathan Schell Reader, p. 242.

423 “In this hour” “Address in San Francisco Before the Annual Dinner Meeting of the Bay Area Council,” April 4, 1975, UCSB.

423 Late in 1974 Peter Davis, Hearts and Minds (1974), viewable here.

424 A massive thunderstorm For Hearts and Minds Oscar confrontation see Times-Post News Service, April 9, 1975, and Raymond Strait, Bob Hope: A Tribute (New York: Pinnacle Books, 2002), p. 426; see the backstage telegram and Hope’s note scrawled on back at this Library of Congress online exhibit.

424 Two nights later “Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress Reporting on the United States Foreign Policy,” April 10. 1975, UCSB; “Reaction Is Cool: But Many in Congress Support Request for Humanitarian Aid,” NYT, April 11, 1975, p. 1.

425 Gallup found the public George Gallup, The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976) May, 1975. in San Francisco’s Presidio Agency for International Development, “Operation Babylift: Report,” April-June, 1975.

425 The most hawkish Rick Perlstein, “The Unrealist: Dr. Kissinger’s Therapy,” The New Republic, November 6, 2006.

425 On April 14 United States State Department Office of the Historian, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976, Volume X, Vietnam, January 1973–July 1975, Document 232, “Memorandum of Conservation,” April 14, 1975, 3:30 P.M.

425 In conservative St. Petersburg “Aid to Vietnam Debate Continues,” St. Petersburg Times, April 17, 1975.

426 Congress voted only AP, April 16, 1975. Ford promptly told “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session at the Annual Convention of the American Association of Newspaper Editors,” April 16, 1975, UCSB. He lied Rick Perlstein, “The Unrealist: Dr. Kissinger’s Therapy,” The New Republic, November 6, 2006. writing “secret agreements” See, for example, Virgin Island Daily News, April 11, 1975.
426 the Los Angeles Times editorialized “Out of the Past,” April 11, 1975, p. C4. The New York Times Sidney Schanberg, “Communist Rule Is at Least Uncertain; Napalm Is Not: Indochina Without Americans: For Most, a Better Life,” NYT, April 13, 1975, p. 197. “All of us were wrong” See Anthony Lewis column, May 13, 1975.

427 The Washington Post columnis: Tom Braden, “Why Are We Looking for Problems?”, April 14, 1975, p. A23. On April 21: NBC News, “The Fall of Saigon, April 29-30, 1975.” “Today America can” “Address at a Tulane University Convocation,” April 23, 1975, UCSB.

427 “Our noble commitments” “Notes and Comment,” New Yorker, March 31, 1975. The writer was almost certainly Jonathan Schell. “If the Bicentennial”: Editorial, TNR, May 3, 1975. “is one of the several” Stanley Hoffman, TNR, May 3, 1975.

427 On April 28 Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 67.

428 “The President ordered” Berman, No Peace, No Honor, p. 271.

428 “Saigon is as sound” Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 107-111. Inflation was 9.2 Ibid., p. 61.

428 John Chancellor, opening NBC News, “The Fall of Saigon, April 29-30, 1975.”

430 In the New York Times April 30, 1975, p. 1.

430 A radio pol: AP, May 1, 1975.

430 “Disease, disease, disease” Ibid. In Arkansas, at Dominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 86, quoting Andrew Kopkind.

431 In Detroit, a “Wide Hostility Found to Vietnamese Influx,” NYT, May 2, 1975, p. 1.

431 “an echo of” Kiron K. Skinner, Martin Anderson, and Annelise Anderson, eds., Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan that Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America (New York: Free Press, 20001), p. 48. “curtain of silence”:RRRH, 75-07, track 8, recorded April, 1975. He predicted purgatory: Ibid. “You know, Lenin” Manuel Klausner, “Inside Ronald Reagan: A Reason Interview,” Reason, July, 1975.

432 “Will it be said” RRRH, 75-08, track 10, recorded April, 1975.

432 “Letters to the Editor” Skinner et al, Reagan in His Own Hand, p. 15.

433 His column now Ibid., p. xv.

433 “It’s time to write” RRRH, 75-07, track 9, “Welfare Programs #1,” recorded April, 1975. “Will Congress do” RRRH, 75-01, track 1, recorded January 8, 1975. “You and I should” RRRH, 75-06, track 9, “Regulations,” recorded March 12, 1975, in Kiron et al, Reagan in His Own Hand, p. 294.

433 “who really rule” RRRH, 75-1, track 2, recorded January 8, 1975. “electives like creative” Ibid. “To err is human” RRRH, 75-09 track 9 “Government Computers,” recorded May, 1975. “no fewer than five” RRRH, 75-10 track 5 “The EPA Strikes Again,” recorded May 1975.

434 “An item recently” RRRH, 75-04, track 1, “Unemployment #1,” recorded February 27, 1975. “Some years ago” Speech to National Association of Manufacturers 77th Congress of American Industry, Vital Speeches of the Day, January 15, 1973. “has never had a fire” RRRH, 75-03, track 5, “The Delta Queen,” recorded February 14, 1975. But it had had AP, January 9. 1973. “in 1935 Franklin Roosevelt” RRRH, 75-07, track 9, “Welfare Program #1,” recorded April, 1975.

434 “When government pulls” RRRH, 75-02 track 3, “Supply and Demand,” recorded February 1, 1975.

434 “We live in the only” RRRH, 75-02, track 4, “Surprise Tax Bills,” recorded February 1, 1975. “have little faith” RRRH, 75-02, track 5, “Energy Problems,” recorded February 1, 1975. should be fired RRRH, 75-02, track 7, “Public Employees,” recorded February 1, 1975. (“If public employees strike, government should start recruiting new employees.”) like Sweden RRRH, 75-02, track 8, recorded February 1, 1975. Or France Ibid. Or Finland: RRRH, 75-03, track 4, recorded February 14, 1975. China, where it Ibid.

435 the foolishness of recognizing RRRH, 75-02, track 10, recorded February 1, 1975. SALT II arms control RRRH, 75-03, track 11, “Arms Limitation,” recorded February 14, 1975. the crucial strategic RRRH, 75-09, track 5, “Red Sea,” recorded May, 1975. refusal to call Hanoi RRRH, 75-07, track 2, “Indochina #2,” recorded April 1975. “Well, here’s one” RRRH, 75-12, track 10, “MIA,” recorded June, 1975.

435 “public confidence in” RRRH, 75-04, track 3, “W. Germany/Inflation,” recorded February 27, 1975. “you might need a wheelbarrow” RRRH, 75-04, track 4, “National Debt #1,” recorded February 27, 1975. “As spending for education” RRRH, 75-04, track 5, “National Debt #2,” recorded February 27, 1975.

436 He would ask RRRH, 75-02, track 6, “Rocky’s Story,” recorded February 1, 1975.

436 “The trouble with” “A Time for Choosing,” October 27, 1964.

437 “In the last few” RRRH, 75-12, track 2, “Law and Order,” recorded June, 1975.

437 “I led the first” RRRH, 75-07, track 6, “Farm Workers Union,” recorded April, 1975.

437 “in recent years” RRRH, 75-06, track 11, “Easy Voting,” recorded March 12, 1975.

437 “the cruelest tax: RRRH, 75-11, track 5, “Inflation as Tax,” recorded Juned, 1975.

437 “more concerned about” RRRH, 75-07, track 4, “Utility Subsidies,” recorded April, 1975.

438 “No right-thinking person” RRRH, 75-07, track 10, “Welfare Programs #2,” recorded April, 1975, in Skinner et al, Reagan in His Own Hand, p. 389.

438 This was a flagrant SeeSocial Security and Welfare Proposals: Hearings, Ninety-first Congress, First Session, Part 3 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1970), p. 1033.

438 Three times in March 4, 1975, NBC News; ABC News, March 7, 1975; NBC News, March 10. 1975. on the Tonight Show View here.

439 On the newsstands “Ready on the Right,” Newsweek, March 24, 1975. “You can call it mysticism” “We Will Be a City on the Hill,” speech to first Conservative Political Action Conference, January 25, 1975.

440 “I got the impression” Victor Gold column, February 20. 1975. See also David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who? William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012).

440 Jesse Helms saidNew York Times Service, February 26, 1975. “The shocked reaction” “Ronald Reagan: The Great Orange Hope,” Village Voice, February 26, 1975. “Betty Ford’s problem” Victor Gold column, February 20. 1975. Robert Bauman, the “Ronald Reagan: The Great Orange Hope.”

440 Ford called it William O. Douglas, The Autobiography of William O. Douglas: The Court Years: 1939-1975 (New York: Random House, 1980), p. 363. “Where do elephants” LAT, February 26, 1975, p. C5.

441 The president received Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 46. “prematurely orange: Lodi Sentinel, January 25, 1975. “Before the leaves fall” “Ready on the Right,” Newsweek, March 24, 1975.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY: NEW RIGHT

 

442 James Wolcott of “Ronald Reagan: The Great Orange Hope,” Village Voice, February 26, 1975. A month beforeChristianity Today, February 14, 1975; “Foes and Friends Observe Abortion Date,” Milwaukee Journal, January 23, 1975;See also “Thinking Straight About Abortion,” Christianity Today, January 17, 1975. the previous year’s AP, January 23, 1974. A Catholic senatorChristianity Today, February 14, 1975. Shortly after, Buckley “Constitutional Ban on Aboriton Urged,” NYT, March 11, 1975, p. 10.

442 Some 2,500 antibusing AP, March 19, 1975; Carol Mason, Reading Appalachia from Left to Right: Conservatives and the 1974 Kanawha County Textbook Controversy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009), p. 174; John Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in the 1970s (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), p. 142; “National Antibusing Coalition Formed with Hicks As Leader,” Boston Globe, March 19, 1975, p. 1.

443 Then, on April 7 “Bishop Bans NOW Advocates,” CT, April 9, 1975, p. C17. “Mother’s Day of Outrage”Lewiston Daily Sun, May 6, 1975. opposes compulsory pregnancy: AP, May 13, 1975.

443 That Sunday “Catholic Church Stand on Abortion to be Challenged,” LAT, April 10, 1975, p. 10. in one intimate “Abortion Backers Denied Eucharist,” NYT, April 14, 1975, p. 9. Bishop Maher returned “Bishop Repeats Stand on Denial of Communion,” LAT, April 15, 1975, p. A3. Messages to the “Letters to the Times: Bishop’s Letter on Abortion,” LAT, April 20, 1975, p. G2.

443 That process had Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), pp. 208-214.

243 Now, however, decrying RRRH, 75-08, track 8, “Abortion Laws,” recorded April, 1975, in Kiron K. Skinner, Martin Anderson, and Annelise Anderson, eds., Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan that Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America (New York: Free Press, 20001), p. 383.

445 the Annenberg estate ABC News, February 21, 1975. Or the trip quoted in AP, August 12, 1976; “Resurrection of a Dinosaur—Notes by a Political Observer,” Pravda, clip in DHH.

445 On Mother’s Day “Protest Abortion ‘Lobbying’: Women Picket Vatican Embassy,” May 12, 1975, p. 3. Long Beach Voice “Rights, Abortion Protests Mark Mother’s Day,” LAT, May 12, 1975, p. A3. San Diego Anaheim, and Los Angeles Ibid.

445 And new polling David I. Grossvogel, Dear Ann Landers: Our Intimate and Changing Dialogue with America’s Best-Loved Confidante (New York: Sunflower Books, 1989), p. 155.

446 influential 1955 bookE.J. Dionne, Why Americans Hate Politics (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991), p. 117. President Eisenhower said David Frum, How We Got Here: The 70s: The Decade That Brought You Modern Life—For Better or Worse (New York: Basic Books, 2000), p. 148.

446 The denominations expanding Ibid.

446 legal defense of Angela Davis UPI, May 31, 1971. Others went further Thomas Borteslmann, The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013), p. 84. “Episcopal Leadership Listens” LAT, May 5, 1975, p. 27. Book of Common PrayerChristianity Today, June 20. 1975; Frum, How We Got Here, p. 151.

447 Between 1965 and 1975:Ibid., p. 149.

447 Palm Sunday “Circus Mass” “Circus Troupe Performs for Palm Sunday,” WP, Mar 24, 1975, p. C1; see photograph here; read explanatory statement by officiating priest here. “Later that April” AP, April 29. 1975; the North Texas Association of Unitarian Universalist Societies objected, “not that it was one in church, but with the striptease itself, [which] is sexist.” LAT, May 16, 1973.

447 John Updike came Updike, A Month of Sundays: A Novel (New York: Knopf, 1975), p. 41.

449 “They say the world” Reagan, “A Time for Choosing,” October 27, 1964.

449 Church of the Nazarene Frum, How We Got Here, p. 153. I am indebted to Frum for this argument about the decline of liberal religion. They were sending “Methodist Crisis in Missions,” CT, August 11, 1973, p. 23.

449 That spring, a Jamie Cohen, The Open Mind: Cold War Politcs and the Sciences of Human Nature (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013) p. 190-249; James J. Kilpatrick columns, March 28, 1975, April 3, 1975; and January 27, 1975; Scripps-Howard Service, “Critics Kill Plan to Train Teachers,” August 12, 1975; Anthony Harrigan, “Neutralizing Values of Current Study Plans,” The Southeast Missourian, September 3, 1975; “How Area Members of Congress Voted,” Sumter Daily Item, April 15, 1975; Carl Sommer, Schools in Crisis: Training for Success or Failure? (Houston: Advancing Publishing, 1984), pp. 168-173.

451 The following January James J. Kilpatrick column, January 27, 1976. “Your taxes are” Mike Royko column, February 6, 1976, reprinted in Mike Royko, Sez Who? Sez Me (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982), p. 115.

451 The emerging conservative See Rick Perlstein, Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of the American Consensus (New York: Hill and Wang, 2001).

452 In 1961 a young man Author interview with Richard Viguerie; Marvin Liebman, Coming Out Conservative: An Autobiography (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1992).

452 Following Goldwater’s Defeat Viguerie interview; Richard Viguerie and David Franke, America’s Right Turn: How Conservatives Used new and Alternative Media to Take Over America (Lanham, Maryland: Taylor Trade, 2004), pp. 98-112. Soon, so many See Reagan to Lorraine Wagner, July 6, 1976, reprinted in Kiron K. Skinner, Annalise Anderson, and Martin Anderson, eds., Reagan: A Life in Letters (New York: Free Press, 2004, p. 760. In 1968, Viguerie Alan Crawford, Thunder on the Right (New York: Pantheon, 1981), pp. 46-47. Citizens for Decent Literature Ibid., p. 62.

452 And in May 1975 Ibid., p. 10; David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who? William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012); Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 119.

452 He had returned Sidney Morning Herald, August 8, 1974. He wrote, “If there are conversations with confidential aides, such as Charles Colson or Bob Haldeman…that are better left confidential forever, what then is the sense of their preservation? Can the President be certain…that only sympathetic or object historians will ultimately inspect them?” A few weeks after Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), p. 256.“The redistribution of wealth”: Patrick J. Buchanan column, March 6, 1975.

453 Like many prominent see the documentary Arguing the World (Joseph Dorman, 1998). “Civil Liberties 1952” Commentary Magazine, March 1952. capitalism’s “New Class” Irving Kristol, “Business and ‘The New Class,’” WSJ, May 19. 1975, p. 8.

454 proposing that “the fundamental” Daniel Patrick Moynihan, The Negro Family: The Case for National Action (Washington, D.C.: Office of Policy Planning and Research, United States Department of Labor, 1965). period of “benign neglect: Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), pp. 459-460. On May 21 UPI, May 22, 1975.

454 Nation Taxpayers Union Bob Lancaster, “Great Polish Bisexual Frogs Mystery Solved,” Boca Raton News, July 15, 1974. Pacific Legal Foundation RRRH, 75-12, track 11, recorded June, 1975.

455 “The purpose of this institution” “Hoover Institution Makes Impact on Domestic Front,” LAT, September 11, 1975, p. C1.

455 In suburban Rosslyn Crawford, Thunder on the Right, pp. 16, 70. “The shriller you are” Ibid., p. 51. Another principle, Roger Stone J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), pp. 164-165. Dolan later explained Thomas Frank, The Wrecking Crew: How Conservatives Rule (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2008), p. 79.

456 “Committee for the Survival” Crawford, Thunder on the Right, p. 15; David Broder, Changing of the Guard: Power and Leadership in America (New York: Penguin, 1981), p. 181. “Although the fund-raising”: AP, June 1, 1975.

456 whose youngest scion “Coors Beer—and Politics—Move East,” WP, May 4, 1975, p. A1. Reagan, for his part RRRH, 75-08, “Cold Beer.” one of his political aides Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 69.

457 The American Legislative Exchange Council Crawford, Thunder on the Right, pp. 12-14. the Greensburg Tribune-Review Richard Reeves, Old Faces of ’76 (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), p. xvii. unnoticed by the press See first article to appear on Google’s historical newspapers archive, AP, May 22, 1978.

458 Then, the progressKalman, Right-Star Rising, pp. 71-74.

458 Phyllis Schlafly had been: Tanya Melich, The Republican War Again Women: An Insider’s Report from behind the Lines (New York: Bantam, 1996), pp. 43-59; Peter Carroll, Famous in America: The Passion to Succeed: Jane Fonda, George Wallace, Phyllis Schlafly, John Glenn (New York: Dutton, 1986); Carol Felsenthal, Phyllis Schlafly: Sweetheart of the Silent Majority (New York: Doubleday, 1981).

458 “something between innocuous”: Ibid., p. 240.

458 because “the eagle” Ibid., p. 192.

458 “take away the right” “Can Federal Bureaucrats Buy Passage of the Equal Rights Amendment,” Human Events, May 15, 1976, quoted in Seth Dowland, “Family Values and the Formation of a Christian Right Agenda,” Church History, September 1, 2009. It would “remake” Phyllis Schlafly, The Power of the Positive Woman (Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1977), quoted in Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 72. “to admit women” Melich, The Republican War Against Women, pp. 58-59.

459 An Illinois state Jane Mansbridge, Why We Lost the ERA (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986). “I do not want” Gillian Frank, “The Civil Rights of Parents: Race and Conservative Poltiics in Anita Bryant’s Campaign against Gay Rights in 1970s Florida,” Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 22, no. 1, January, 2013.

459 “I’d like to burn” Thomas Borteslmann, The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013), p. 79. On April 9 John Formisano, Boston Against Busing: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in the 1970s (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), p. 147.

460 That summer, the newspaper “School Critics Press Drive for Old Values,” NYT, July 25, 1975, p. 1.

460 “You who are graduating” Lillian Hellman, “For Truth, Justice, and the American Way,” NTT, June 4, 1975, p. 39.

461 “Isn’t it time”: Paul Kengor and Peter Schweitzer, eds., The Reagan Presidency: Assessing the Man and His Legacy (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005), p. 205. A House member explained Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 187.

461 In April, twenty-five AP, April 2, 1975; “Freedom Train Nearly Ready for Coast-to-Coast Run,” Sarasota Herald-Tribune, March 9, 1975. Ronald Reagan lionized RRRH, 76-04, track 7, recorded November 2, 1976.

461 Early in May Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 75; John Lofton column, May 27, 1975. the trustees “seemed” “The Press: The Quiet Pulitzers,” Time, May 19, 1975. “There is a new” Leonard Downie, The New Muckrakers: An Inside Look at America’s Investigative Reporters (Washington: New Republic Books, 1976), p. 14.

462 As a historian Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 33.

462 The Post’s publisher Ibid., p. 26. “dearth of hard facts” Ibid., p. 34. Late in March Ibid., p. 38.

463 And indeed, shortly Ibid., p. 68-74; Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978). William Greider complained Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 74.

463 International Brotherhood of Electrical AP, July 17, 1975. “the romanticism of the Sixties” Dean Ornish, “The Graduates,” Texas Monthly, June, 1975, p. 76.Another article tracked Ibid.

463 Happy Days See pilot here.

463 On May 12 Dominick Sandbrook, Mad As Hell: The Crisis of the 1970s and the Rise of the Populist Right (New York: Random House, 2012), p. 89-90; Doonesbury” labeled it “Operation Frequent Manhood,” a takeoff on the code-name for the Saigon evacuation, “Operation Frequent Wind.” “Give ‘em hell”: “The Presidency by Hugh Sidey: An Old-Fashioned Kind of Crisis,” Time, May 26, 1975.

465 Barry Goldwater saidNewsweek, May 26, 1975. Columnist Jeffrey Hart June 10. 1975. Newsweek, the most liberal See here. Time’s cover pictured See here. His approval rating Michael Barone, Our Country: The Shaping of America from Roosevelt to Reagan (New York: Free Press, 1992), p. 540. John Chamberlain predicted May 23, 1975 column. So did Evans and Novak ENIR, May 19, 1975. “Mr. Ford nailed down” Ibid.

465 On May 27 “Address to the Nation on Energy Problems,” May 27, 1975, UCSB.

466 “Then you have competition” “Ready on the Right,” Newsweek, March 24, 1975. “It’s time for us” RRRH, 75-10, track 11, “Congress vs. Local Government,” recorded May 1975.

466 Ford landed in Europe Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 48. “gracious welcome to Salzburg” “Remarks on Arrival at Salzburg, Austria,” June 1, 1975, UCSB. “SLIPS AGAIN” Reading Eagle, July 14, 1975. His approval rating Barone, Our Country, p. 540.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE: WEIMAR SUMMER

 

468 Jaws marked the “Summer of the Shark,” Time, June 23 1975; Jaws: The Inside Story, documentary, Biography Channel; “‘Jaws,’ Setting Records, Helps Revitalize Movies,” NYT, July 8, 1975, p. 32; Thomas Schatz, “The new Hollywood,” in Jim Collins, Ava Preacher Collins, and Hilary Radner, eds., Film Theory Goes to the Movies: Cultural Analysis of Contemporary Film (New York: Routledge, 1992), p. 8-35.

469 “SEE IT AGAIN” WP, October 25, 1975.

470 An official of “Bad News,” Texas Monthly, June, 1975.

470 “Millions of African” UPI, June 15, 1975. “Once a car”Bad News.”

471 It was TimeThe CIA: The Kennedy Connection,” Time, June 2, 1975. “The Vanishing American Hero” USNWR, July 22, 1975. “Heroes for a Post-Watergate America” Texas Monthly, November, 1975.

471 “Quite apart from”: NYT, June 11, 1975, p. 36. “Nixon never ordered” “Nixon Never Did,” NYT, June 4, 1975, p. 37.

471 First, on June 6 Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 84. “No Time for Cover-up” NYT, June 8, 1975, p. 198. The Attorney General found “Levi Holds No President May Order Assassinations” NYT, June 9, 1975, p. 63

472 The Times expressed “‘Operation Chaos’,” NYT, June 11, 1975, p. 42. It revealed that find Rockefeller Commission report here

472 Like the fact Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 114

472 that the chairman: “Investigations: Rocky’s Probe,” Time, June 23, 1975. And the news See William Safire, “Murder Most Foul,” NYT, December 22, 1975, p. 28. Five days laterThe CIA: The Assassination Plot that Failed,” Time, June 30. 1975. “And what do” Bill Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me (Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press, 1995), p. 35.

472 The President invitedFamily in LSD Case Gets Ford Apology”,” AP, July 22, 1975; “CIA: Tantalizing Bits of Evidence,” Time, August 4, 1975. “Vicious nonsense” Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 76.

473 An article byThe Politics of Assassination,” New York, June 23, 1975. He said, “politics” Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 3.

474 It announced anNation: The Crime Wave,” Time, June 30, 1975. A sociologist interviewed Jonathan Reider, Canarsie: The Jews and Italians of New York Against Liberalism (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1987), p. 75.

474 Elected officials, to: “Oklahoma’s Ex-Governor Convicted,” AP, March 15, 1975.The Associated Press AP, March 12, 1975. In Orangeburg, South Carolina AP, May 22, 1975.

474 The lurid images “Hunter Students Occupy Dean’s Office,” NYT, May 1, 1975, p. 35. By June, 8,000 Samuel Black, “Days of Reckoning: The Crisis of New York City in the American Imagination,” B.A. thesis, Yale University department of history, 2007. Police threatened a wildcat: Ibid.; William E. Simon, A Time for Truth (Pleasantville, New York: Reader’s Digest Press, 1978), p. 156. On June 28 Black, “Days of Reckoning.”

475 On July 1 Ibid.; Simon, A Time for Truth, p. 156. The next day Black, “Days of Reckoning.” “like part of” Joshua B. Freeman, Working-Class New York: Life and Labor Since World War II (New York: The New Press, 2001). “Commie junk” Monica Schneider, “The American Bicentennial: Celebration, Cerebration and the Suppression of Complex Discourse,” honors thesis, Oberlin University, 2003.

475 a “declaration of bankruptcy” Warren E. Smith, ed., Predictions for 1974 (Award Books, 1973), p. tk.

475 The roots of Freeman, Working-Class New York. “I do not propose” Ken Auletta, “Who’s to Blame for the Fix We’re In,” New York, October 27, 1975. In September of 1973 “Watergate: The Damage,” WSJ, September 17, 1973, p. 10.

476 “Mayor,” he said: Simon, A Time for Truth, p. 257.

477 He would later Ibid., p. 149.

477 “The philosophy that”: Ibid.

477 “many things”—he Memo, Jac Friedgut for William I. Spencer for meeting with Mayor Beame, February 25, 1975, quoted in Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, 95th Congress, First Session, Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Report on Transactions in Securities of the City of New York (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1977), Chapter Four, “Report on the Role of the Underwriters,” p. 42.

478 The New Republic Jonathan Chait, The Big Con: Crackpot Economics and the Fleecing of America (Boston: Joughton Mifflin Harcourt, 2007), p. 84. “brilliant young staff” James J. Kilpatrick column, February 23, 1974.

478 Lemuel Boulware of General Electric: Thomas Evans, The Education of Ronald Reagan: The General Electric Years (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), p. 88. One executive worried: G. William Domhoff, Who Rules America?: Power and Politics and Social Change (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006), p. 193.

479 In 1971, a corporate The most comprehensive discussion of this much-discussed memo is in Robert McChesney and John Nichols, Dollarocracy: How the Money and Media Complex Is Destroying America (New York: Nation Books, 2013), pp. 71-82. “the thing that” Ibid., p. 80.

480 “The danger had” Thomas Byrne Edsall, The New Politics of Inequality (New York: W.W. Norton, 1984), p. 113-114. The other, Charls: John Judis, The Paradox of American Democracy: Elites, Special Interests, and the Betrayal of the Public Trust (New York: Routledge, 2001), p. 118-119.

480 In December of 1974: Black, “Days of Reckoning.” A young lawyer Simon, A Time for Truth. “merely postpone the” Black, “Days of Reckoning.”

481 “What was ‘sudden’” Simon, A Time for Truth. “We’re going to” “Cities: Saying No to New York,” Time, May 26, 1975.

481 “All Abe Beame” Ibid. “Maybe it would” Christianity Today, June 20, 1975. “Cities are viewed” “General Negative Feeling Toward City Shown in Congressional Refusal of Aid,” NYT, May 25, 1975, p. 1.

481 “New York,” Fortune Black, “Days of Reckoning.” Simon spoke of Simon, A Time for Truth. pension of the average Black, “Days of Reckoning.”

482 On June 10 Black, “Days of Reckoning.” tiny 12-by-15 foot office “Mr. Troubleshooter,” WSJ, October 10, 1975, p. 1.

483 “CAN CAPITALISM SURVIVE?”Time, July 14, 1975.

483 The letters three “Forum,” Time, August 4, 1975.

484 The California governor James Mann, The Rebellion of Ronald Reagan: A History of the End of the Cold War (New York: Viking, 2008), p. 19.

484 “There are some” RRRH, 75-03, track 2, recorded February 24, 1975. He called Henry Kissinger William Loeb, Protect the President!: And Other Outrageous Editorials from the Ultra-Right newspaper Publisher William Loeb (Manchester: Intervale Publishing Company, 1979).

484 The fundamental political See John B. Judis, Grand Illusion: Critics and Champions of the American Century (New York: Farrar, Straus & Girioux, 1992). Senator J.W. Fulbright “U.S. Funding of ‘Freedom Radio,’” WP, August 8, 1973, p. A19.

485 In 1973 a Julian Zelizer, “Carter and the Politics of National Secuity,” in Governing America: The Revival of Political History (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2-12), p. 262. “Human rights” was Niall Ferguson, Charles S. Maier, Erez Manela, and Daniel J. Sargent, eds., The Shock of the Global: The 1970s in Perspective (Cambridge, Massachusetts: the Belknap Press of Harvard, 2011), pp. 246, 317; Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1984-2008 (New York: Harper, 2008), 52.

486 “the Soviet government AP, January 15, 1975.

486 He made a similar RRRH, 75-02, track 10, recorded February 1, 1975.

486 By late April, Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), pp. 269-271.

487 He quoted approvingly RRRH, 75-10, track 4, recorded May 1975. And he added RRRH, 75-10, track 6, recorded May 1975.

487 Russia’s sunken-eyed, bearded Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 119 ; Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy, 258; Wilentz, The Age of Reagan, p. 57; Robert Mann, The Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush’s War Cabinet (New York: Viking, 2004), p. 7. One wrote, “Our” Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy, 258. Another, Richard Cheney Mann, Rise of the Vulcans, p. 65.

488 But Ford wasn’t Steven Hawyard, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (New York: Three Rivers Press, 2008), p. 437.

488 On July 13 Ibid., p. 438 ; AP July 10, 1975

488 On July 15 Novak, Prince of Darkness, p. 271.

488 Détente’s symbolic apex “Friends in Space Farewells,” Milwaukee Journal, July 19, 1975, p. 1. Jewish Defense League Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 124.

489 Republican councils were Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 394. Informally, there had Wilentz, The Age of Reagan, p. 34 Another public relationsThe Nation: He-e-e-re’s Nelson!”, Time, September 29, 1975. Republicans Are People Suzanne O’Dea, Madam Chairman: Mary Louis Smith and the Republican Revival after Watergate (Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2012), pp. 104-105 ; Frank Gregorsky, “Elephants Outnumbered: The House Republicans in 1975,” www.exactingeditor.com; “He-e-e-ere’s Nelson,” Time; George Will column “Easy Rider,” July 25, 1975.

489 On July 8 “Remarks Announcing Candidacy for the 1976 Presidential Nomination,” July 8, 1975, UCSB.

487 perusing page nineteen Christopher Lydon, “Six For a 1976 Group for Reagan,” NYT, July 16, 1975, p. 19. See account in Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), pp. 74-77.

490 “It is the tradition” UPI, July 15, 1975.

490 “We’re not saying” Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 72.

490 It left conservative UPI, July 15, 1975 .

490 Gallup had it AP, July 21, 1975. Harris had it Ibid. The same day “Six Form a 1976 Group for Reagan,” NYT, July 16, 1975, p. 19.

490 For their June George Gallup, The Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976) June, 1976.

490 The Times sent NYT, July 26, 1975, p. 2.

491 The Wall Street Journal Wilentz, The Age of Reagan, p. 58- 59. Scoop Jackson called Ibid. Ronald Reagan said Ibid. “They don’t know” Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 120. “Perhaps Mayor Beame” UPI, August 6, 1975.

492 Hubert Humphrey took Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s, p. 77.

492 The interview with UPI, August 11, 1975.

493 “I don’t think” AP, December 20, 1974.

493 It erupted just UPI, August 21, 1975.

493 Mary McGrory, the McGrory column, August 13, 1975.

493 Ron Nessen said UPI, August 12, 1975. A humor columnist Gerald Nachman, “‘Dump Petty’ Next on the Agenda,” New York News Service September 12, 1975. The liberal Hugh Carey UPI, August 12, 1975.

494 A Baptist preacher “The Sermon: ‘Betty Ford vs. the Bible,’” AP, August 22, 1975; copy of published sermon in the collection of the author.

494 Perhaps he had ENIR, September 2, 1975. “Betty meant we’re” “Interview in Milwaukee With Television Reporters,” August 25, 1975, UCSB.

495 messages to the White House Gil Troy op-ed, July 10, 2011.

495 Entitled “A Disgrace” Witcover, Marathon, p. 58 . “I can disagree”Interview With Reporters in Knoxville, Tennessee,” October 7, 1975, UCSB.

496 “The young people”Nancy Reagan Frowns on the New Morality,” Los Angeles Times Service, September 19, 1975.

496 When Reagan supporters AP, October 24, 1975.

496 Ford campaign lieutenants Witcover, Marathon, p. 56. The marquee liberal Witcover Marathon, p. 57.

497 that a “another Korean” Carl T. Rowan column, September 8, 1975 The syndicated columnist: Clayton Fritchey column, August 15, 1975.

498 Perhaps the words Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (New York: Prima Publishing, 2001), p. 450. “Help me free”Remarks at a Republican Party Fundraiser in Seattle,” September 4, 1975. He was well-received Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 450. noting “an important”Address Before a Joint Session of the California State Legislature,” September 5, 1975. He reported thatRemarks at the Annual Sacramento Host Breakfast in Sacramento, California,” September 5, 1975.

498 A blank-faced woman: Witcover, Marathon, 59-60; AP, September 6, 1975.

498 “the truly alarming” “Address Before a Joint Session of the California State Legislature,” September 5, 1975, UCSB.

498 The previous spring “Book Business: Easy Birth,” WP, March 23, 1975, p. 4.

498 In 1971, it AP, September 8, 1975. An interview surfaced AP, September 8, 197. “She’s a very” Ibid.

499 At her arraignment AP, September 12, 1975. Another character was AP, September 10, 1975. As for Good UPI, September 12, 1975.

499 Every Chicago school AP, September 11, 1975. There, classes went AP, September 10, 1975.

500 Gays were on “‘I Am a Homosexual’: The Gay Drive for Acceptance,” Time, September 8, 1975.

500 New York still Freeman, Working-Class New York, p. 265. On September 4 “The Last Recourse,” WSJ, September 4, 1975, p. 10. Reagan said it Kiron K. Skinner, Martin Anderson, and Annelise Anderson, eds., Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan that Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America (New York: Free Press, 2001).

501 The seventh special Ferguson, Maier, Manela, and Sargent, eds., The Shock of the Global, 224-225. Lowly Jamaica, for Judith Stein, Pivotal Decade: How the United States Traded Factories for Finance in the Seventies (New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press, 2011). “time that American” AP, November 21, 1975 . “at least 75 percent”Stein, Pivotal Decade. Treasury Secretary Simon Ibid., p. 92. “balance Mayor Beame’s” “UNCTAD and Beyond,” WSJ, May 11, 1976, p. 22.

502 In the second AP, September 11, 1975.

502 Abizarre set John A. Durkin Wikipedia page . “no circumstances will”Remarks to Reporters Following Assassination Attempt in Sacramento,” September 5, 1975, UCSB. he embarked upon Witcover, Marathon, 60.

502 “the old crowd-pushing” James Reston column, NYT, September 7, 1975.

503 A high school teacher Mary McGrory column, September 9, 1975.

503 “The Reagan people” Witcover, Marathon, p. 74. Evans and Novak learned ENIR, September 16, 1975.

503 “Maybe Ford should” James R. Dickenson analysis, Washington Star, September 15, 1975. “The Ford Administration’s” “…Not Minding the Store,” NYT, September 15, 1976, p. 20. Fifteen mayors had Black, “Days of Reckoning.” “When a multi-billion dollar” “Not Minding the Store,” NYT.

504 “This nation is not”Address at Southern Methodist Convocation,” September 13, 1975, UCSB. “Protected,” the Associated Press AP, September 14, 1975. The day before Witcover, Marathon, p. 61.

504 “We will see” Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 93. Video here ; transcript here

505 An unsigned memo AP, September 17, 1975.

505 Though William Safire William Safire column, September 17, 1975.

505 Three Days of the Condor Vincent Canby, “Redford a C.I.A. Eccentric in ‘Three Days of the Condor,’” NYT, September 25, 1975. As, meanwhile, Church’s Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, pp. 74-75. Their first report Ibid, 121. Now, on September 11 Ibid., p 57.

506 miniature Constitutional crisis Ibid., pp. 123-127; “Four Little Words Seek to Shield Darkest CIA Secret,” Boston Globe, September 17, 1975. On September 16The President’s News Conference,” September 16, 1975, UCSB. The Times called it “President Ready to Defy Bid for Vietnam Data,” NYT, September 17, 1975. See also Walter Pincus, “Four Little Words and How They Grew,” WP, September 28 1975, p. 2.

507 Two days later Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 125.

507 That morning, the “Son of Watergate,” NYT, September 18, p. 40.

507 “Urban guerilla. Self-employed” William Graebner, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 48-51.

507 At her booking Ibid. “a prisoner in my parents’”: AP, September 26, 1975. “revolutionary feminist”: AP, September 26, 1975 .

508 “the arrest of our”: Graeber, Patty’s Got a Gun, p. 43.

509 Dog Day Afternoon Graeber, Patty’s Got a Gun, p. 155. “We cannot help”Editorials on File (New York: Infobase Publishing, 1975),Volume 6, p. 1145.

509 On September 21Hunt Told Associates of Orders to Kill Jack Anderson,” WP, September 21, 1975, p. A1.

509 Gerald Ford found Witcover, Marathon, p. 62; Graeber, Patty’s Got a Gun, p. 52.

509 45-year-old Sara Jane Moore “The Assailant: The Making of a Misfit,” Time, October 6, 1975; “Radicals: California’s Underground,” Ibid.

510 She became an FBI AP, September 22, 1975.

510 At least one Rudy Maxa, “The Front Page,” WP, December 18, 1975, p. 125. Treasury Secretary Simon Reuters, September 30, 1975. Gallup ran a pollThe Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976) September, 1976.

511 Reagan spoke to RRRH, 75-20, track 3, recorded October, 1975.

511 Otis Pike taking on Henry Kissinger Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 127. Or to the next UPI, September 23, 1975. A senator put Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 95; video here.

512 In the offices Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me, p. 73.

512 The folks who Kathryn Olmsted, “The Dealey Plaza Irregulars: The JFK Assassinatino and the Collapse of Trust in the 1960s,” in Real Enemies: Conspiracy Theories and American Democracy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), p. 111-148.

512 Their worldview had Scott McLemee, “New JFK Death Film,” Salon.com, August 4, 1998. “They’re going to pin” Congressional Record, 1975, p. 22,707.

513 The speculation intensified Olmsted, Real Enemies, p. 118-120 . “American society has” Rudy Maxa, “The Front Page,” WP, December 28, 1975. In October, Senator Richard Schweiker AP, October 16, 1975. In November, a Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 76.

513 Time quoted Bernardine DohrnRadicals: California’s Underground,” Time, October 6, 1975. One Midwestern paper Graeber, Patty’s Got a Gun, p. 53. At the Miss Universe Ibid., p. 52.

514 The Federal Communications Commission Josh Orzesky, Archie Bunker’s America: TV in an Era of Change, 1968-1974 (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2003), p. 108; see also UPI, August 21, 1975, for “Family Hour” and the controversy over Cher’s belly button. Happy Days enjoyed See video here . when ‘Fonzie’ said American Library Association FAQ. A Evangelical group See Christianity Today ad, August 8, 1975, and UPI religion column, August 09, 1975, and AP, October 24, 1975.

514 In wicked Gotham Whitney Strub, Perversion for Profit: The Politics of Pornography and the Rise of the New Right (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010), p. 228-233. “There are fleeting” William Shannon column, NYT, September 28, 1975, p. 201.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO: THE NATION’S SOUL

 

515 The New York Times “Ford’s 1976 Drive Is Found Lagging,” NYT, October 5, 1975, p. 1. The next day “Address to the Nation on Federal Tax and Spending Reductions,” October 6, 1975, UCSB.

515 It just sounded Laura Kalman, Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2010), p. 62.

515 Treasury secretary SimonNew York Times News Service, October 9, 1975. “SIMON ON U.S. AID” William F. Buckley column, October 23, 1975.

516 Felix Rohatyn, working “Mr. Troubleshooter: Wall Street’s Rohatyn Emerges as Key Man In New York’s Rescue,” WSJ, October 10, 1975. Governor Carey told UPI, October 11, 1975.

516 “Carey’s comments reflect” Ronald Reagan column, October 24, 1975. (Note misspelling of his name—Reagen.) “I include in my prayers” Michael Kramer, “What President Reagan Would Mean for New York,” New York, April 28, 1980.

516 The next week See Time cover, October 20, 1975. It quoted Simon’s “How to Save New York,” Time, October 20. 1975.

516 “Rich, chic, thriftless” Samuel Black, “Days of Reckoning: The Crisis of New York City in the American Imagination,” B.A. thesis, Yale University department of history, 2007. “you don’t just”New York Times Service, October 19, 1975. An article in Texas Monthly William Broyles, “Behind the Lines,” Texas Monthly, December, 1975, p. 5. it reran Texas Monthly’s “The Capitol Letter: An Aye From Texas Is Upon Us,” New York, January 12, 1976. “New York must discontinue” Ken Auletta, “the Fix We’re In,” New York, October 27, 1975, p. 29.

517 “The freshman Democrat” Alan Ehrenhalt, “Labor-Run Puppet Show Fails to Materialize,” reprinted from Congressional Quarterly, August 1, 1975.

517 “Reagan had made”Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. pp. 80-82.

518 No one paid AP, October 21, 1975. Gallup had alsoThe Gallup Poll Monthly (Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Poll, 1976) October, 1975. “Harold Stassen of 1976” Jules Witcover, Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency, 1972-1976 (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 63.

518 Nixon had hoped Richard Reeves, President Nixon; Alone in the White House (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002), pp. 171, 280-281, 305-306. Vital Issues for America Witcover, Marathon, p. 84.

519 On the Republican left Ibid., p. 85.

519 a collision on AP, October 15, 1975. NBC’s Saturday Night Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 38. on October 11 SNLtranscripts. jt.org, October 11, 1975.

519 The second week SNLtranscripts.jt.org, October 18, 1975. “never gave a shit” Ron Nessen, Making the News, Taking the News: From NBC to the Ford White House (Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 2011), p. 198.

520 The next week SNLtranscripts.jt.org, October 25, 1975.

520 First Frank Church AP, October 3, 1975. recruited Christian missionariesChristianity Today, October 10, 1975. opening their mail AP, October 22, 1975.

521 “Because,” he explained “Helms Says Search of Mail Was Illegal,” NYT, October 23, 1975, p. 81.

521 “With a reputed budget” UPI, October 15, 1975. It had also Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 104; Kim Zetter, “The NSA Is on the Line—All of Them,” Salon.com, May 15, 2006; Church Committee, Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans: 1976 U.S. Senate Report on Illegal Wiretaps and Domestic Spying by the FBI, CIA and NSA (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1976); Suzanne Braun Levine and Mary Thom, eds., Bella Abzug: How a Tough Broad from the Bronx Fought Jim Crow and Joe McCarthy, Pissed Off Jimmy Carter, Battled for the Rights oF Women and Workers, Rallied Against War and For the Planet, and Shook Up Politics Along the Way (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 207), p. 164.

521 “People’s right to know” “N.S.A. Chief Tells of Broad Scope of Surveillance,” NYT, October 30. 1975, p. 81. It would “adversely” Ibid. Appearing in uniform AP, October 30, 1975.

522 “My own reaction” Kiron K. Skinner, Martin Anderson, and Annelise Anderson, eds., Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan that Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America (New York: Free Press, 20001), p. 121, recorded August 1975.

522 Now Fulbright published Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 39.

522 William Greider wrote Ibid., p. 27.

522 A stunning colloquy Walter Mondale, The Good Fight: A Life in Liberal Politics (New York: Scribner, 2010), p. 148-149. New York Times “N.S.A. Chief Tells of Broad Scope of Surveillance,” NYT, October 30, 1975, p. 81. As for the president Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 138.

523 Indeed, Ford had Ibid., p. 148.

523 when the indefatigable Ibid., p. 126-127. “What the hell” Ibid., p. 127.

524 a “McCarthyite inquisition” Ibid., p. 126. “Pike’s Pique”Miami News, October 3, 1975. “neo-McCarthyism,” too “Neo-McCarthyism?”, NYT, October 19, 1975, p. 204.

524 “Frankly, Mr. Secretary” Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 133.

524 “a kind of deadening” “Jack Anderson Lives,” WP, October 22, 1975, p. A22.

525 Governor Carey announced View press conference here.

525 “Hell, no!” Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1984-2008 (New York: Harper, 2008), p. 40.

525 On October 29 “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session at the National Press Club on the Subject of Financial Assistance to New York City,” October 29. 1975, UCSB; Joshua B. Freeman, Working-Class New York: Life and Labor Since World War II (New York: The New Press, 2001), p. 267.

525 New York Daily News “The Voice of New York: An Oral History of Our Times,” New York, April 18, 1988, p. 82.

526 Theodore White, who See William F. Buckley column, December 26, 1975.

526 On Saturday, news Witcover, Marathon, p. 53, 91. “Mr. Packard’s resignation”: “Head Fund-Raiser for Ford Reisgns,” NYT, November 1, 1975, p. 59.

526 “Good evening. I” “The President’s News Conference,” November 3, 1975, UCSB; Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), pp. 264; Wilentz, The Age of Reagan, pp. 61-62.

527 In Spring came Witcover, Marathon, p. 51. “A lot of” Ibid., p. 54. Rockefeller landed in “Rockefeller Lands in Tampa, Speaks Against N.Y. Aid,” St. Petersburg Times, October 29, 1975.

527 Then that Monday reprinted in “The President’s News Conference,” November 3, 1975, UCSB. The Times quotedShirley, Reagan’s Revolution, p. 54. Mac Mathias said Tanya Melich, The Republican War Again Women: An Insider’s Report from Behind the Lines (New York: Bantam, 1996), p. 49.

528 The speculation immediately “Ford Prepares for ’76…Rocky Walks the Plank,” St. Petersburg Times, November 4, 1975; “Rocky Jumped—But He Heard Footsteps,” Newhouse News Service, November 4, 1975.

528 In the East Room “The President’s News Conference,” November 3, 1975, UCSB.

528 Ron Nessen kept: Kalman, Right Star Rising, p. 20. Jules Witcover called Witcover, Marathon, p. 82.

529 “WASHINGTON—White House”: “Rumsfeld, Silent Architect: Chief of Staff Seen as Force Behind Shake Up,” WP, November 4, 1975, p. A1.

529 Another facet “Rocky Jumped—But He Heard Footsteps,” Newhouse News Service, November 4, 1975. “I am not appeased” “Reagan: ‘I Am Not Appeased,” Time, November 17, 1975. Meanwhile, at his Witcover, Marathon, p. 83.

530 Reagan, Ford told Julian Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security—From World War II to the War on Terrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2009), p. 264. but the campaign David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who? William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012), p. 319.

530 A new Harris Louis Harris column, November 10, 1975. 320 death threats Reuters, September 30, 1975.

531 that way, the disgusted “To the Aid of His Party,” Boston Globe, November 26, 1975, p. 18.

531 That didn’t prevent AP, October 24, 1975.

531 On November 7 Witcover, Marathon, p. 85. He then trippedPalm Beach Post, November 8, 1975.

531 “I want to” “Address in Boston Before the New England Council,” November 7, 1975, UCSB. The Globe editorialized “I Am the President,” Boston Globe, November 8, 1975, p. 18.

532 Chevy Chase upped SNLtranscripts. jt.org, November 8, 1975.

532 “every skier takes” AP, December 26, 1975. comedian Rich Little AP, May 21, 1975. Chevy Chase, ironically, was at least as much the klutz as the president: when he smashed his testicles on the podium during one performance, he had to miss two episodes while recovering.

533 Some new Ford “The Ridicule Problem,” Time, January 5, 1976.

533 Woody Allen, byWoody Allen, Side Effects (New York: Random House, 1980), p. 126.

533 the first book: Richard Reeves, A Ford, Not a Lincoln (New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanavich, 1975).

533 In Pennslyvania, on AP, October 30. 1975; see also Lawrence K. Altman, “In Philadelphia 30 Years Ago, an Eruption of Illness and Fear,” NYT, August 1, 2006.

534 On October 23 Reprinted in Mike Royko, Sez Who? Sez Me (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982), p. 111.

534 Gallup, on October 30 AP, October 31, 1975. Nor of the claim “Pentagon Brass Makes Whoopee, Prostitutes Provide ‘Whoop,” News-Dispatch, November 3, 1975.

534 That was nothing AP, November 19, 1975.

535 Royko, reflecting on Royko column, December 9, 1975. “the very least” “The King Review,” NYT, November 27, 1975, p. 32.

535 Alleged Assassination Plots Read the report here (pdf).

535 That morning a spokesman AP, November 21, 1975. That night, Daniel Schorr Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 107. Editorials the next Ibid.; Ibid., p. 90.

536 “Frank Sunday School” Ibid., p. 53. I owe to Olmsted the argument about Church’s resistance to the implications of his evidence.

536 In July he gave “Church Doubts Plot Links to Presidents,” NYT, July 19, 1975, p. 1. Senator Mondale had Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 93. “Well, I don’t know” Mondale, The Good Fight, p. 149.

537 ”Even after our” Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 108.

537 He appended a “Moral for Us,” Milwaukee Journal, November 21, 1975.

538 “To believe otherwise” “The Assassination Report,” WP, November 21, 1975, p. A18. The Tri-City Herald This paper is no longer available on Google News Archive; accessed in 2012.

538 Mary McGrory, downplaying Mary McGrory column, WP, December 1, 1975, reprinted December 4, 1975.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE: HAS THE GALLOP POLL GONE BANANAS?

 

539 Ronald Reagan had always For instance, see Vic Gold column, February 26, 1976.
539 One day he was flying Craig Shirley, Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign that Started It All (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), p. 72.

539 The White House sent Ibid., p. 156 . The conservatives pining David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who? William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012).

440 On the day Robert Novak, The Prince of Darkness: 50 Years of Reporting in Washington (New York: Crown Forum, 2007), pp. 270-271.

540 “A determined eight-hour-a-night” ENIR, May 2, 1975.

540 His aides lined Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. 55.

541 Writers visited his Jack Fox column, UPI, July 15, 1975.

541 And yet, as Julian Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security—From World War II to the War on Terrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2009), p. 463 .

541 “The Superintendent’s Dilemma” RRRH, 75-20 track 9. “The Incredible Bread Machine” RRRH, 75-20, track 10; see video here. Julie Nixon substituted RRRH, 75-20, tracks 11 and 12. And on November 17 “Republicans: The Star Shakes Up the Party,” Time, November 24, 1975; “Can He Stop Ford?”, Newsweek, November 24, 1975.

542 He did not Michael Reagan, Michael Reagan: On the Outside Looking In (New York, Zebra, 1988), p. 147

542 Jack Ford, twenty-three, had UPI, October 11, 1975. In fact the vociferously Patti Davis, The Way I See It (New York: Putnam, 1992), p. 178. “I had been” Ibid., p. 10.

542 Maureen Reagan described Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter: A Memoir (New York: Little, Brown, 1989), p. 10. “I am the most vociferous” UPI, November 12, 1975. As son Steve UPI, October 11, 1975.

543 She was so humiliated Davis, The Way I See It, p. 160. The last straw Ibid., p. 195. “Do you think” Ibid., p. 14.

543 “I spent so” Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter, p. 101. Michael, adopted by Michael Reagan, Michael Reagan, pp. 23, 42, 62, 89, 95, 105, 265. Her mother would Davis, The Way I See It, p. 37. She beat her Ibid., p. 39. “This is a medical” Ibid., p. 56.

544 so perfect and pristine Ibid., p. 12. “the symbol of” Michael Reagan, Michael Reagan, p. 82.

544 It was around Seth Rosenfeld, The FBI’s War on Student Radicals and Reagan’s Rise to Power (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012), p. 148.

544 “My name is Ronald Reagan” Michael Reagan, Michael Reagan, p. 96.

544 “I frequently had” Davis, How I See It, p. 98.

544 At that, J. Edgar Hoover Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 297. “What the hell” Davis, The Way I See It, p. 175.

545 “This is just immoral”: Ibid. “I’m sorry you” Ibid.

545 “I wished desperately”: Ibid., p. 81. The event apparently Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 86.

545 “Well, Mr. President” Ibid., p. 88.

546 The night of November 19 Witcover, Marathon, p. 95-96.

546 “The astonishing thing” James Reston column, NYT, November 21, 1975.

546 “If only everybody” Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 88.

546 It was 9:30 am Ibid.; Witcover, Marathon, p. 92; AP, November 20, 1975.

547 “‘Détente’ is a particularly” Robert Mann, Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush’s War Cabinet (New York: Viking, 2004), p. 71.

548 He said he Witcover, Marathon, p. 93.

548 “unbending, undying, unthinking” Richard Reeves, “Is Jerry Ford Big Enough,” New York, May 6, 1975.

548 “Despite how well” Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 94.

549 “The trouble with Reagan” Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 454. “The Reagan challenge” Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 96. “his image is largely” Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 454. “we are in” Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 95.

549 Lyn Nofziger, his See Jack Anderson column, July 2, 1974. Roger Stone, the J. Anthony Lukas, Nightmare: The Underside of the Nixon Years (New York: Viking, 1975), pp. 164-165. Kenneth Rietz, who Jack Anderson column, December 19, 1975.

550 “If the trumpet” Hayward, The Age of Reagan, p. 450. A rather brazen See “Annual Message to Congress,” January 3, 1936, UCSB.

548 toy .45-caliber pistol Witcover, Marathon, 93; Maureen Reagan, First Father, First Daughter, 229; AP, November 21, 1975; UPI, November 21, 1975; San Francisco Chronicle, November 21, 1975.

550 At the one in Miami Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 97. Barely four years ‪Hearings, Ninety-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 32‬, Volume 4; Volume 19 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1972), p. 323. The 1972 Republican Platform UCSB. One faction within Rick Perlstein, Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (New York: Scribner, 2008), p. 198; Jill Lepore, “Trayvon Martin and America’s Gun Laws,” New Yorker, April 23, 2012; Mark Ames, “From ‘Operation Wetback’ to Newtown,” NFSWCorp.com, December 17, 2012; AP, May 24, 1977; Jack Anderson and Les Whitten column, June 1, 1977; and “Gun Lobby: The National Rifle Association No Longer Worries About Image,” Evening Independent, June 1, 1977. See also Ann Landers column, August 21, 1973.

661 But in June of 1975 See AP, June 4, 1978. “Now that’s funny” RRRH, 75-11, track 7.

550 “When the first” Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power (New York: Public Affairs, 2004), p. 420; Witcover, Marathon, p. 95.

552 “I am just incapable” Rosenfeld, Subversives, p. 303.

552 “My brother and I” Ronald Reagan with Richard Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me? (New York: Duell, Sloan & Pierce, 1965), p. 13. Jack announced they Ronald Reagan, An American Life: The Autobiography (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990), p. 30. There was the time Reagan with Hubler, Where’s the Rest of Me?, p. 64; Reagan, An American Life, p. 16.

553 “There must be” See video here. “Are the problems”Woodford County Journal, October 5, 1967, Dixon, Illinois, Public Library Reagan files. Speaking again at Eureka Clip at Ronald Reagan Museum, Eureka College, Eureka, Illinois. “Reagan handled the situation” “Reagan Stars in Screen Test,” WP, May 26, 1968, p. A8.

553 “It grieves me when”: AP, March 7, 1966.

554 “I have called” Witcover, Marathon, p. 95.

554 And indeed, he Transcript, “Town Meeting of the World: ‘The Image of America and the Youth of the World,” CBS TV and radio, May 15, 1967. In the interim Witcover, Marathon, p. 96. He was still “Question-and-Answer Session With Local Televiison Anchors on Domestic and Foreign Policy Issues,” February 7, 1983, UCSB; also “Remarks and a Question-and-Answer Session With Participants in the National Conference of the National Association of Student Councils in Shawnee Mission, Kansas, June 29, 1983.

554 “If you’re lying” Witcover, Marathon, p. 96.

555 On the campaign plane Ibid., p. 97.

555 The New York Times William Shannon, “He Doesn’t Like Big Newspapers or TV,” NYT, November 23, 1975, p. 278.

555 The Federal Communications Commission UPI, November 21, 1975. It happened just Shirley, The Reagan Revolution, p. 105; see also AP, October 24, 1975.

555 Chevy Chase had a SNL transcript, November 22, 1975. “Somebody must have” AP, November 23, 1975.

555 He said the RRRH, 75-24, tracks 1 through 11.

555 “The funny thing” Witcover, Marathon, p. 97.

556 In a Gallup poll AP, December 12, 1975; “Reagan-Ford Poll: A Trend to the Right?”, Pittsburgh Press, December 14, 1975.

556 “no one in Congress”: Tom Wicker column, NYT, December 5, 1975. Pike tried to Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 139.

557 Meg Greenfield in Newsweek quoted in “Morality Outmoded,” Dawn magazine, July, 1976. “By the time Richard Nixon” “Presidents and the FBI,” NYT, December 8, 1975, p. 30. “Orchestrating Outrage” William Safire column, NYT, December 8, 1975.

557 As Saigon fell, NBC’s David Brinkley See video.

557 The political context Julian Zelizer, Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security—From World War II to the War on Terrorism (New York: Basic Books, 2009), p. 263. Reagan called it RRRH, 75-09, track 9, May 1975. William Rusher’s column David B. Frisk, If Not Us, Who? William Rusher, National Review, and the Conservative Movement (Wilmington, Delaware: ISI Books, 2012), p. 305. James J. Kilpatrick wrote column, December 2, 1975.

558 “If you see” AP, December 13, 1975.

558 Anthony Lewis advanced column, NYT, February 18, 1976.

559 “C’mon Hank” See J.F. ter Horst column, December 19, 1975. “public displeasure about: “Power Withheld,” NYT, December 12, 1975, p. 175. “You got me out” Michael Kramer, “Capitol Letter,” New York, February 26, 1976.

559 That Sunday’s Sixty Minutes Viewable at Paley Center for Media, New York City; Reagan segment also viewable at the Reagan Ranch Center museum, Santa Barbara, California.

563 On Monday a pretty AP, December 18, 1976.

564 The story of the gangsters’ moll Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978), pp. 119-121. Then, three days before: William Safire column, December 15, 1975.

565 “I think there’s a” AP, December 23, 1975. Senator Church called wire services, December 16, 1975. “Hell hath no fury” AP, January 18, 1976.

565 “Nixon Believes His” reprinted in Boston Globe, November 28, 1975. “the greatest cover-up”: Safire column, NYT, December 9, 1975. On December 22 Safire column, December 22, 1975.

566 “When Judith Campbell Exner” “The Nation: Jack Kennedy’s Other Women,” Time, December 29, 1975.

567 A reader wrote “Forum,” Time, January 19, 1976.

567 On December 21 AP, December 22, 1975. Then, the next “Laguardia Christmas Bombing Remains Unsolved 27 Years Later,” CNN.com, December 24, 2002; “No Real System At Hand for Inspecting Baggage,” NYT, December 30, 1975, p. 9. Hear breaking news report on WOR here.

 

 

CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: NEGATIVES ARE POSITIVES

 

568 At Christmastime in 1897 “Yes, Virginia, There Is a Santa Clause,” Newsweum.com.

568 At Christmastime in 1975 AP, December 24, 1975.

568 At the Waldorf-Astoria Elizabeth Drew, American Journal: The Events of 1976 (New York: Random House, 1977), p. xi. “The inescapable commentary” “Hopes, Illusions Dim as New Year Arrives,” LAT, December 28, 1975, p. H1.

568 In Cleveland Monica Schneider, “The American Bicentennial: Celebration, Cerebration and the Suppression of Complex Discourse,” honors thesis, Oberlin University, 2003, p. 5. who according to UPI, January 12, 1976. The census bureau AP, January 7, 1976. The journalist Elizabeth Drew Drew, American Journal, p. 3.

569 A press release Ibid., p. 11.

570 Ann Landers received See Ann Landers, January 23, 1976.

570 “The Revolutionary Therapy” Alexander Lowen, Bioenergetics (New York: Coward-McCann, 1975). Primal Scream “Scream On,” People, November 23, 1998. Transcendental Meditation See 1975 Merv Griffin Show panel. Devotees paid cash Lawrence Wright, Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief (New York: Knopf, 2013). Another religion, the story Flo Conway and Jim Seigelman, Snapping; America’s Epidemic of Sudeen Personality Change, Second Edition (New York: Stillpoint Press, 1995), p.7. Gallup reported that David Frum, How We Got Here: The 70s: The Decade That Brought You Modern Life—For Better or Worse (New York: Basic Books, 2000), p. 144.

571 “est”—Erhard Seminar Training: William Warren Bartley III, Werner Erhard: The Transformation of a Man: The Founding of est (New York: Clarkson Potter, 1988).

571 A journalist decided Robert Hargrove, est: Making Life Work (New York: Delacort Press, 1976).

574 one of at least five William Greene, est: Four Days to Make Your Life Work (New York: Pocket Books, 1976); James Kettle, The est Experience (New York: Zebra Books, 1976); Pat R. Marks, est: The Movement and the Man (Chicago: Playboy Press, 1976); Luke Rhinehart, The Book of est (New York: Henry Holt & Company, 1976).

574 But est’s evangelists Conway and Seigelman, Snapping, p. 17.

575 They found one ibid., p. 3.

575 Maybe she could See Psychology Today, June, 1976.

576 In the book Philip Agee, Inside the Company: CIA Diary (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1975).

576 “The most effective” “Terrorists: Kidnaping in Vienna, Murder in Athens,” Time, January 5, 1976.

576 a complex story Tom Wicker, On Press (New York: Viking, 1978), pp. 250; AP, January 4, 1976; Daniel Schorr, “My 17 Months on the CIA Watch,” Rolling Stone, April 8, 1976; Kathryn Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government: The Post-Watergate Investigations of the CIA and FBI (Charlotte: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), p. 150-153; Bill Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me (Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press, 1995), p. 54.

577 “[t]he entirely predictable” “Richard S. Welch,” WP, December 29. 1975, p. A16. “The press was used”: Charles B. Seib, “The News Business: Media Manipulation,” WP, January 16, 1976, p. A19.

577 called for criminal Olmsted, Challenging the Secret Government, p. 153.

577 It was no accident Ibid., p. 143-146.

578 straw poll in Sioux City Martin Schramm, Running for President: A Journal of the Carter Campaign (New York: Pocket Books, 1977), p. 13.

579 On paper, no one Drew, American Journal, p. 67; Schramm, Running for President, p. 17.

579 his TV commercial Ibid.., p. 25.

579 promised “moral leadership” Yanek Mieczkowski, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s (Lexingont: University Press of Kentucky, 2000), p. 23. “Trust in government” Schramm, Running for President, p. 25.

580 he came under Marianne Means column, October 10, 1975.

580 And so, a week Drew, American Journal, p. 75.

580 On New Year’s Schramm, Running for President, p. 13.

581 “Ambiguous though it” ENIR, January 19, 1976.

581 There was a curiousNashville (Robert Altman, 1975).

583 “My life on the farm” Jimmy Carter, Why Not the Best? (Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1976), p. 5.

584 “We never went” Ibid., p. 33. “cotton had to be” Ibid., p. 20.

584 “President of what?Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (Roseville, California: Prima Publishing, 2001), p. 486.

584 “Jimmy who?” See for example AP, November 6, 1976.

585 “There weren’t any” Schramm, Running for President, p. 7.

585 He claimed to “Carter: Ready Grin, Homespun Manner,” WP, January 16, 1976, p. A1.

585 He prevailed; his “Nation: A New Day A’comin in the South,” Time, May 31, 1971. See cover here.

585 He began “to realize” Carter, Why Not the Best, p. 137. Hamilton Jordan wrote Read memo here (pdf). joined David Rockefeller’s Sean Wilentz, The Age of Reagan: A History, 1984-2008 (New York: Harper, 2008), p. 75. Nixon was “conspiring” Danville Register, January 31, 1974, p. 2. What’s My Line See segment here. “the carping peanut-brain” Mrs. Marion Grimsley, “Nixon Treated Unfairly,” Atlanta Constitution, May 23, 1973.

586 “It scared us” Richard Reeves, Old Faces of ’76 (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), p. 15.

586 Just to make sure Ibid. Ted Sorenson, who Chris Matthews, Hardball: How Politics Is Played Told By One Who Knows the Game (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999), p. 66.

586 The Democrats’ first Garry Wills, Lead Time: A Journalist’s Education (New York: Doubleday, 1983), Chapter 18.

587 “Iowa Carter for President” Schramm, Running for President, p. 11.

587 “I’m not a lawyer” Reeves, Old Faces of ’76, p. 15.

587 The fraud against him Carter, Why Not the Best?, p. 82. When his pastor Ibid., p. 78. his proudest accomplishment Ibid., p. 113.

587 “My chief opponent” “Carter: Ready Grin, Homespun Manner,” WP, January 16, 1976.

588 “If you were arrested” Carter, Why Not the Best?, p. 132. How we needed Drew, American Journal, p. 38. How federal employees Ibid., p. 19. “as filled with love” Ibid. His Iowa state Schramm, Running for President, p. 13.

588 Driving between Ames Ibid., p. 9.

588 A physics professor Ibid. “He always sent” Ibid., p. 13.

589 “We figured,” Jody Powell Ibid., p. 18. The New York Times “Carter Appears to Hold a Solid Lead in Iowa as the Campaign’s First Test Approaches,” NYT, October 27, 1975, p. 17. “Sometimes,” an aide Patrick Anderson, “Peanut farmer for President,” NYTM, December 14, 1975, p. SM4.

590 He had asked Patrick Anderson, Electing Jimmy Carter: The Campaign of 1976 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1994), p. 4.

591 “I’m glad you” Ibid., p. 7.

591 Anderson later noted Ibid., p. 15.

592 “incredible flow of press”: Schramm, Running for President, p. 18. Another Carter panegyric “Carter: Ready Grin, Homespun Manner,” WP, January 16, 1976.

592 “All Democratic candidates” Drew, American Journal, p. 105.

593 “I come off a farm”: Ibid., p. 36. When Frank Church Bill Hall, Frank Church, DC, and Me (Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press, 1995), photo insert. Fred Harris, a Reeves, Old Faces of ’76, p. 15. Mo Udall foregrounded Morris K. Udall, Bob Neuman, and Randy Udall, Too Funny to be President (New York: Henry Holt & Company, 1987), p. 35.

593 “Uncommitted” won Drew, American Journal, p. 16. That night, Walter Cronkite Ibid.

593 When William Safire “Office Pool, 1976,” NYT, January 1, 1976, p. 17.